Energy Audit Instrumentation

AEE/ Certified Energy Manager CEM ®

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Measuring Instruments
Temperature LIG Thermo. Bimetallic Bourdon Tube Thermocouples Pyrometers IR Camera
Electro-Mech. Meters

Pressure Manometers

Flow Meters Orifice Plates Pitot Tubes Turbine & Fan Meters Ultrasonic

Electricity kWh Meter KW Meter P.F. Meter

Flue Gas Analyzers Orsat / Fyrite

Combustion Analyzer Power Analyzer

Tools for the Audit
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To obtain the best information for a successful energy cost control program, the auditor must make some measurements during the audit visit. The equipment needed depends on the type of energy-consuming equipment used at the facility, and on the potential EMOs. For example, for a waste heat recovery EMO, the auditor must take substantial temperature measurement data from potential heat sources.
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AEE/ Certified Energy Manager CEM ®

Energy Audit Instrumentation
1. Electrical System Performance
Power analyzer Voltmeter - voltage Ammeter - current Wattmeter - real power Cosine Phi Meter ± power factor Light meter - light levels Harmonic analyzer
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Single Phase Power Meter
Three Phase Power Meter

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Solid Core Current Transformer Split Core Current Transformer

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Current Logger

Power Transducer Light TOU Logger

Occupancy Logger

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2. Temperature Measurements
Thermometer Surface Pyrometer Portable Electronic Thermometer Thermocouple Probe

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3. Combustion Measurements
Orsat, Fyrite Analyzers Combustion Analyzers

± O2, CO, CO2, temperature ± Sometimes NOx ± No particulates

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4. Air Velocity
Anemometer - deflecting vane Anemometer - rotating vane Pitot Tube Heated thermocouple Hot Wire Anemometer

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5. Pressure Measurement
Manometer Draft Gauge Bourdon Gauge

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6. Humidity Measurement
Psychrometer Electrical Conductivity Hair Hygrometer Hand-held units

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7. Infrared Measuring Equipment
The real temperature of an object can be found by measuring its emitted radiation. Infrared Camera System Infrared Thermometer Hand-held Units

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8. Compressed Air Leak detectors
Ultrasonic leak detectors

± Tunable ultrasonic receivers

9. Steam Leak Detectors
Ultrasonic leak detectors

± Use for steam traps

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Ultrasonic Flow Meter Electronic Manometer

Combustion Gas Analyzer

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Safety Considerations
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Safety - a critical part of any audit. All auditors should have a basic knowledge of safety equipment and procedures. Before touring a facility, auditors should be thoroughly briefed on any specialized safety equipment and procedures for the facility. Auditors should never place themselves in a position where they could injure themselves or other people at the facility.
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AEE/ Certified Energy Manager CEM ®

Safety Equipment
Safety equipment - a vital precaution for any energy auditor.

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Safety glasses - generally a necessity Hearing protectors - needed in noisy facilities or in areas where high horsepower motors are used to drive fans and pumps Steel-toe and steel-shank safety shoes - needed in facilities where heavy, hot, sharp or hazardous materials are being used.

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CEM Exam Review Questions
1.
Either the Pitot Tube or the Bourdon Gauge can be used to measure air velocity. A. True B. False

2.

Position of a thermocouple probe has little effect on temperature readings. A. True B. False

3.

The real temperature of an object can be found from its emitted radiation. A. True B. False

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CEM Exam Review Questions
4 Which instrument is used to measure relative humidity ?

A. Psychrometer C. Electronic thermometer

B. Pyrometer

5.

What would be used to find the quantity of electric current in an AC circuit ?

A. Ohmmeter C. Wattmeter

B. Ammeter D. All the above

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