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1. To differentiate
the non-fiction books
from the fiction;
2. To know how
the library materials
are classified and
3. To know how
take good care of a
3. To answer a
given quiz.
I. Two Basic Types of Library Books
1. The non-fiction book is a factual account
of persons, places, or events. This type of
book is given specific classification number
from the Dewey Decimal Classification
System, plus the number of the author
taken from the Cutter Three-figure Table.
Examples: Encyclopedias, almanacs, atlases,
2. The fiction book is a story of
imaginary people, places, or events.
This is simply labeled with “F"
(fiction) and arranged on the shelves
under the author's surnames. Fiction
books are usually books for leisure
and recreational readings. Examples:
The Harry Potter Series; Charmed
Book Series.
II. Classification and Organization
Classification means providing a
system for organizing the library
materials (books, charts, pamphlets,
theses, etc.)
What is DDC?
This stands for Dewey Decimal
Classification – it is a notation
expressed in Arabic numerals,
enabling users to identify the subject
and class within which the library
material belongs.
First Summary of the DDC (10 Main Classes)
000-099 Generalities (encyclopedias,
yearbooks, almanacs, atlases)
100-199 Philosophy and Psychology (what
man thinks about himself and about life)
200-299 Religion (men's faith)
300-399 Social Sciences (how people live and
work in society, law, government, Institutions,
education, folk beliefs, sociology)
400-499 Languages (English composition and
grammar, Pilipino and other foreign languages)
500-599 Natural Sciences and Mathematics
(physics, chemistry, mathematics, natural
600-699 Technology (cooking,
technology, engineering)
700-799 The Arts (art, music, sports,
hobbies, paintings, games)
800-899 Literature and Rhetoric (plays,
poems, essays, orations,
literature in foreign languages.
900-999 History, Geography and Travel,
1. The non-fiction books are organized
on the book shelves by their call
number composed of the location
symbol, DDC number, author’s
number and copyright date.

530 530 545 550

B68 B69 B68 B68
2010 2009 2011 2008

Fi T Ph GR
530 530 530 530
B68 B68 B68 B68
2010 2010 2010 2010
2. The fiction books are organized on
the book shelves under the location
symbol, author’s number and
copyright date.

R797c R797g R797p R797s R797o
2003 2003 2003 2003 2003
Harry Harry Harry Harry Harry
Potter Potter Potter Potter Potter
& the & the & the & the & the order
chamber of goblet prisoner of sorcerer’s of the
secrets of fire Azkaban stone phoenix
1. How to
open a book

2. How turn a
3. Using
4. Enemies of books:

Water or rain

5. Undesirable actions


Inserting thick objects
(notebooks, ball pens, pencils)
between pages of books and
other printed materials to
either serve as holders or

Opening a book 360

degrees so that the book
covers touch each other
back to back causing the
spine to break.
Putting one's arm or
elbow / or leaning
on an open book
that will eventually
break its spine.
Placing opened
books on top of one
another during
research or study
•Holding the tip of the book spine when
retrieving books from the shelf.
•Improper transporting of books from one
place to the other.
•Dog-earring of pages or folding a page into
half instead of using bookmarks.
•Using the book as a writing board.
•Wetting one’s fingers with saliva before
turning pages of books.
•Using the book as protection from drizzle
or rain.