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UPGRADING THE KERNEL

 This is the most important issue in System Administration .


 Upgrading the kernel is more complex as compared to any other software
package.
 As per the defination the kernel is one of the most important component of an
Operating System.
 Kernel directly deals between System software and System hardware.
 If software is updated and if the update is not valid then only that Software
Package will get affected.
 But if kernel is upgraded and if the upgrade is not valid then entire system will get
affected.
 So whenever the kernel is upgraded ,the user must be aware about the
upgradation and should check wheather all the System network and software are
working properly.
UPGRADING THE KERNEL
 There are two types of upgradation available in the network:
1.Stable upgrade and
2.Developmental upgrade
 The upgrade is called as stable upgrade if the kernel is upgraded from an
authenticated source.for eg.Website of Linux Distributors.
 Developmental upgrade is similar to that of the Beta version.
UPGRADING THE KERNEL
TYPES OF UPGRADE:
upgrade

Development(b
stable eta)

RHEL RHEL
(2.0.2.1) (2.1.2.1)
(2.4.2.1) (2.3.2.1)
(2.6.2.1) (2.5.2.1)
UPGRADING THE KERNEL
 The difference between Stable and Developmental version is that stable version
is properly checked as compared to Developmental version.
 The another difference is that second digit of version number is even for stable
upgrade and for developmental upgrade the second digit of version number is
odd.
 As the kernel upgrades the space required for the kernel also increases.
 It may happen that user may not require all the features of kernel ,so user may
build their own customized kernel.
 If the kernel is built as per the requirement then only those features are included
which are required.Thus the space required by the kernel is also reduced.