plate theory

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plate theory

© All Rights Reserved

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Kirchhfoff

Reissner/Mindlin

Plates & Shells

Loaded in the transverse direction and may be

assumed rigid (plates) or flexible (shells) in their

plane.

surface structural components

curved surface structural components

Assumptions

are typically thin in one dimension plate and

shell bending deformations can be expressed in

terms of the deformations of their midsurface

Assumptions

As a consequence…

Stress through the thickness (perpendicular to

midsurface) is zero.

line perpendicular to the midsurface remain on a

straight line after deformation

Plate Bending Theories

line perpendicular to the midsurface remain on a

straight line after deformation

Kirchhfoff Reissner/Mindlin

Shear deformations Shear deformations

are neglected are included

Straight line remains Straight line does NOT

perpendicular to remain perpendicular

midsurface after to midsurface after

deformations deformations

Kirchhoff Plate Theory

z w1

y qy

qx

x

Strain Tensor

Strains u zq x

z

w

q

x

u w

2

x z 2

x x

Strain Tensor

Strains v zq y

z

w

q

y

v w

2

y z 2

y y

Strain Tensor

Shear Strains

u v w 2

xy z

y x xy

zx zy 0

Strain Tensor

2w

2

x 2x

w

y z 2

y2

xy w

2

xy

Moments

h/2 h/2

Mx x

h / 2

zdz My y

h / 2

zdz

Moments

h/2

M xy

h / 2

xy zdz

Moments

M x h / 2 x

M y y zdz

M h / 2

xy xy

Stress-Strain Relationships

z

h

M x h / 2 x

M y y zdz

M h / 2

xy xy

x 1 0

E x

y 1 0 y

1 2

1 2w

xy 0 0 xy

2 2

x 2x

w

y z 2

y2

xy w

2 xy

Stress-Strain Relationships

Integrating over the thickness the generalized

stress-strain matrix (moment-curvature) is obtained

Mx x

M y D y

M

xy xy

h/2 1 0

E

D z 2

1 0 dz

h / 2

1

2

1

0or 0

2

Generalized stress-strain matrix

3 1 0

Eh

D 1 0

12 1 2

1

0 0

2

Formulation of Rectangular Plate Bending

Element

z

w1

q1 x

y

Node 2

x q1 y

Node 1

Node 3 Node 4

h

12 degrees of freedom

For Admissible Displacement Field

w1 q1 x

q1 y

wi w xi , yi

w xi , yi w xi , yi

i

i

y

x

x

y

Formulation of Rectangular Plate Bending

Element

established in terms of the curvature

2w

2

x 2x Mx x

w

y 2

M y D y

y2 M

xy w xy xy

2

xy

Shell Elements

z w

v

y qy

qx

x

u h

Shell Element by superposition of plate

element and plane stress element

No stiffness for in-plane twisting

Kirchhoff Shell Elements

structure

Comments

plate theory do not include transverse shear

deformations

are used for the analysis of flat plates, folded

plate structures and slightly curved shells.

(Adjacent shell elements should not be co-

planar)

Reissner/Mindlin Plate Theory

z w1

y qy

qx

x

Strain Tensor

u z x

z

xz w

x xz

x

w

x u x

x z

x x

Strain Tensor

v z y

z

yz w

y yz

y

w

y v y

y z

y y

Strain Tensor

Shear Strains

u v x y

xy z

y x y x

Transverse Shear assumed constant through thickness

w w

x xz y yz

x y

w w

xz x yz y

x y

Strain Tensor

x

w

x

xz x x

xx

y w

yy z

y yz y

y

xy x y

y x

Stress-Strain Relationships

Isotropic Material

z

h

Stress-Strain Relationships

w

xz

E x x

w

yz 2(1 ) y

y

Kirchhoff – Reissner/Mindlin Comparison

In addition to the more general nature of the

Reissner/Mindlin plate element note that

Kirchhoff:

Interpolated field variable is the deflection w

Reissner/Mindlin:

Interpolated field variables are

Deflection w

Section rotation x

Section rotation y

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