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ENERGY AUDIT

Study/Survey of
energy consumption /processing/supply aspects related with
an organisation ,system ,process ,plant ,equipment.

OBJECTIVE: to recommend steps to be taken by the


management for improving
- energy efficiency
- reducing energy cost
- improving productivity without sacrificing quality,std
of living.
Types of energy audit
Classified into three category

• Simple walk through

• Intermediate energy audit

• Comprehensive energy audit


Walk through energy audit
• Audit team focusses on
• Energy input

• Spots of wastage

• Available energy conservation opportunities

• Waste recycle opportunities


Preliminary data ,categories and classification
Data regarding
• Plant, equipment, auxiliary and energy input for each are identified and categorised

• Category A : Major input/outputs

• Category B : Medium input/outputs

• Category A : Minor input/outputs

Eg. Arc furnace steel melting plant

• Category A- Electrical energy & electrode consumptions

• Category B- waste heat during idle period,through cooling water,


Observations during walk-through
• Walk – through conducted during
• Off-period
• Working shift
Off-period- Data collected are
- Layout
- Input energy sources
- out put loads
- Energy routes –inlet-intermediate-final consumption.
- Auxiliaries for cooling, ventilating, lubricating etc
- high temp regions.
- control room-measuring/recording instruments
- log books of O & M
Working shift audit:

• Electrical, thermal, chemical and physical energy inputs and outputs

are observed

• Energy wastage location

• Waste energy/material objects are spotted


Intermediate energy audit
• Identification and quantification of energy usage

• Economic evaluation of energy usage

• Economic analysis of energy usage and proposed ECM

• Evaluation of operating cycle and maintenance procedures

• identification of capital intensive energy conservation opportunities.

• Energy consumption and energy losses are measured and quantified.


Comprehensive energy audit

• Extensive energy audit that analyses and quantifies the amount of

energy consumption in each sub system of the plant and compaes

with target energy onsumption.


Steps in comprehensive audit
• Overall system audit
- accounts for energy leakage/loss through total system
• Functional audit
- identifies ECM in O&M of main plant and subsystem.
• Utility
• identifies yearly/monthly/daily consumption of commercial
secondary energy(petrol/diesel/gas) and suggests ECO
• Modernization
• Recommends change in process requiring retrofitting.
Data for comprehensive audit
• Energy consumption for previous year

• Total production previous year

• Per unit cost of previous ye

• Tariff of electricity,petrol,diesel,fuel,oil

• Plant documentation,equipment doc,energy efficiency curve

• Operation schedule

• Daily load, peak demand


Report of audit
• Energy conservation opportunities(ECOs)

• Energy conservation measures(ECMs)

• Projected investment for ECMs

• Projected savings of ECMs.

• Projected annual savings of ECMs and payback period

• Feasibility studies for retrofitting/modification work