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Economic Consideration &

environmental Policy (Japan)
By CK Group

Group members : 1. Anisah Najihah Binti Abdul Jalal Bekri
(AN150051)
2. Choong Kai Huan (AN150335)
3. Chuah Yi Qian (AN150360)
4. Hannisa Fitri Binti Munardi (AN150157)
5. Syazwa Azirah Binti Rahmat (AN150314)

maintenance of biodiversity. These issues generally include air and water pollution. wildlife and endangered species. the protection of natural resources. and other policy mechanisms concerning environmental issues.[1] . regulations. waste management.INTRODUCTION What is environmental policy? Environmental policy is the commitment of an organization to the laws. ecosystem management.

. and consumption of limited goods and services by different agents in a given geographical location. distribution or trade.What is economic consideration? :An economy or economic system consists of the production.

 Set up programs to recycle recyclables  Produce civic theater to promote recycling .Element (Economic Sustainability) Criteria Means  Growth  Expand green zones to  Development safeguard open space .  Productivity  Enlarge the amount of per capita  Trickle down green space  Enact regulations to protect every urban tree  Allow poor to swap their garbage for food .  Encourage residents to separate their garbage.

. MOE will collect and publicizes the result related to water quality to raise public awareness. 2. .government monitor the quality of water according to the method set by MOE. Monitoring and publicizing water quality. Policy measure for household wastewater .To treat wastewater from household. government has been promoting the sewage system.Environmental policy in Japan  Protecting environmental quality of water 1. The financial support provided by the central government.

The Minister of environment establishes maximum permissible limit on the amount of exhaust gases from motor vehicles and also from non-road special motor vehicles such as construction machinery. Reducing air pollution from mobile sources . . Protecting environmental quality of atmosphere. Compensation for health damages caused by air pollution. 2. 1.

 Polluting industries will be held while cleaner industries will be boosted  Envorimental policy for air pollution on human health rise in economic cost from healthcare spending.  Secondary effect of policies affected business finance compliance cost  Cost of jointly producing a convenctional output and cleaner enviroment lower if produced separately .Enviromental policies and economic growth  Enviromental studies cause an adjustment of economic structure  The price of renewable resources and exposing public into the health risk brought closer in the social cost  lThe price of the recources become more expensive and constant.

Air Pollution in Japan  2005 Emmision standard control gas emmision  Increase the sales affected vehicles  Tax and subsidies (Increases social welfare)  Promotes the company of firm buy a new car instead of reusing old car.  Increases economic for metal industry .

Conclusion  Finding balance between economic and enviromental benefits are crucial  Enviromental policies are tend more bring the positive effect towards economic growth .

The Rand Journal Economics Vol 12 .Eccleston. Jogerson (1990). (2010). Principles. Global Environmental Policy Concepts.Economic analysis of Japanese air pollution regulation.Iwata K. and Practice. 2. ISBN 978-1439847664.REFERENCES 1.Enviromental Regulation and U. H. Charles H.Dale W.S Economic Growth.T. 4.RAND Publication . Arimura (2008).

Mind Map .