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Sex and Technology

Jennifer Alviar, Rena Baradi, Meredith Lenox, Gem Morido, Sarah Ragaza
❖ Technology (Dowdell, Burgess, & Flores, 2011)
➢ A limitless, unmediated outlet for information

❖ Youth
➢ Largest user population of Internet-based communication and texting

❖ Increased attention to healthcare concerns (Mitchell et al., 2012)
➢ Main issue → risky sexual behavior through exposure of sexualized
➢ Higher rates of sex-related issues
❖ Why is this important to parents? (Rice et al., 2014)

➢ Able to discuss sex freely with children

➢ Assess scope and impact of sexual material on children

➢ Most ideal resource for safe sex education
❖ Significant rise due to social networking peak in 2010s (Rice et al., 2014)

❖ 93% of American teens have used the Internet (Mitchell et al., 2012)
➢ 55% have a profile on some social media
➢ 63% own a cell phone, median 60 texts a day

❖ 40% of adolescents exposed to some form of sexual content (Houck et al., 2014)

❖ National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy (Rice et al., 2014)
➢ 20% of teenagers ages 18-19 have sent nude/semi-nude pictures
➢ Highest incidence among high schoolers
The Parent Perspective: What Parents Know
● Children have increasing access to inappropriate
● Parent have decreasing ability to monitor and control
● Sexual content virtually everywhere
● Early and frequent exposure results in kids becoming
sexually involved too early in life
The Parent Perspective: Lay Literature
● Predominance of sexual material in media (Greatschools
Staff, 2016)
● Exposure to media with sexual content increases likelihood
of initiating and engaging in sex (Greatschools Staff, 2016)
● Social media makes it easier for teens to engage in sexual
behavior (Media Influences, 2012)
● Common for children to participate in sexting (Media
Influences, 2012)
The Parent Perspective: Accuracy of Information
● Association between sexual media exposure and
adolescent sexual behavior and outcomes (Collins,
● Sexual material in the media was found to be highly
influential on adolescent sexual behaviors (Harris,
● Determined that sexual media exposure may perhaps
result in early initiation of sexual behavior (Harris,
● Exposure to sexual media was found to lead to
increased objectification of women (Harris, 2011).
The Care Provider Perspective

● Purpose: Promote sexual health to adolescents and to assist parents on how to
address their child’s sexual health in a positive and healthy way.

● Create a positive healthcare provider-patient relationship

● Provide a safe, non-judgemental environment

○ Help encourage gynecology appointments and promote safe sex practices
(birth control and condoms)
The Care Provider Perspective
● Purpose: Educate about stages of sexual development,
contraception, and emergency contraception

● Focus: Well-being of the adolescent, how to prevent pregnancy, and
educate about HIV and STI testing
Educational Program Content
● Abstinence
● Limit screen time to < 2 hours/day (Jones, 2012)
● Effects of peer pressure
● Openly monitor accessed media sites and
● STDs and prevention
cell phone use
○ Clinical manifestations
● Watch TV/movies together → discussion
○ Females (no douches after
about family moral values
● American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP)
● Birth control
recommends immediate conversation of
● Date rape (Safer Sex Guidelines for Adolescents)
“sexting” when “first phone” is received
(Children, Adolescents, and the Media, 2013)
● Safer sex guidelines
● AAP suggests the “sex talk” when children ○ One partner, past history of STDs
first ask where babies come from ● Regular examinations and periodic tests
for STDs
Planned Parenthood
Mission Services
● To provide comprehensive reproductive and ● Online, in select states
complementary health care services in ○ Order birth control
settings which preserve and protect the ○ STD testing
essential privacy and rights of each ○ UTI treatment
● In Person
● To advocate public policies which ○ Abortion services
guarantee these rights and ensure access to ○ Birth control
such services ○ General health care
○ HIV testing
● To provide educational programs which ○ Women / Men’s health care
enhance understanding of individual and ○ Morning-after pill
societal implications of human sexuality ○ Pregnancy testing & services
○ STD testing, treatment, and vaccines
Planned Parenthood: Contact Information

Planned Parenthood Virginia Beach Health Center
515 Newtown Road, Virginia Beach, VA 23462
● To engage, educate, and empower young people to prevent and end abusive relationships

● Free and confidential phone, live chat, and texting services available 24/7/365
● Offer support, information, and advocacy to young people who have questions or concerns about their dating
● Provide trainings, toolkits, and curriculum to equip parents, educators, peers, and survivors on how to raise
awareness about unhealthy relationships
Loveisrespect: Contact Information

Chat at

Text “loveis” to 22522

Call 1-866-331-9474

*AVAILABLE 24/7/365*
● Organizations such as Planned Parenthood and Loveisrespect support and provide

families with educational resources and factual information about sexual health and

healthy relationships.

● These resources guide parents on how to properly approach and educate their children on

safe sex practices and help them identify unhealthy relationship characteristics.

○ Teach them about consent, trust, setting boundaries, and social networking

❖ Sexual behavior will continue to be relevant among adolescents

❖ Aim to decrease serious consequences of behavior

❖ Education remains as the highest priority intervention
➢ For children, parents, and healthcare providers
Reflection of Learning
❖ Must be realistic and supportive
➢ Teach relevant sexual education rather than decline behaviors
➢ Use appropriate judgment rather than prevent exposure

❖ Approach in a nonjudgmental and reassuring manner

❖ Professional nursing practice (Dowdell, Burgess, & Flores, 2011)
➢ Initiate policies to advocate for safe sexual practice or reduced consequences
➢ Aim to properly train healthcare providers with therapeutic communication
"Children, Adolescents, and the Media." American Academy of Pediatrics 132.5 (2013): 958-61. Web. 17 Nov. 2016.

Collins, R. L., Martino, S. C., Elliott, M. N., & Miu, A. (2011). Relationships Between Adolescent Sexual Outcomes and Exposure to Sex in Media: Robustness to Propensity-Based Analysis.

Developmental Psychology, 47(2), 585-591. doi:10.1037/a0022563

Dowdell, E. B., Burgess, A. W., & Flores, J. R. (2011). Online social networking patterns among adolescents, young adults, and sexual offenders. American Journal of Nursing, 111(7), .

Greatschools Staff. (2016, October 14). Sexual behavior: What teens learn from media | Parenting. Retrieved November 18, 2016, from

Harris, A. L. (2011). Media and Technology in Adolescent Sexual Education and Safety. JOGNN: Journal Of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing, 40(2), 235-242.


Houck, C. D., Barker, D., Rizzo, C., Hancock, E., Norton, A., & Brown, L. K. (2014). Sexting and sexual behavior in at-risk adolescents. American Academy of Pediatrics, 133(2),
276–282. doi:10.1542/peds.2013-1157

Jones, K., Baldwin, K. A., & Lewis, P. R. (2012). The Potential Influence of a Social Media Intervention on Risky Sexual Behavior and Chlamydia Incidence. Journal of Community Health Nursing,

29(2), 106-120. doi:10.1080/07370016.2012.670579

Loveisrespect. (2013). About loveisrespect. Retrieved from

Media Influences on Teen Sexual Behavior. (2012, February 04). Retrieved November 18, 2016, from
References (continued)
Mitchell, K. J., Finkelhor, D., Jones, L. M., & Wolak, J. (2012). Prevalence and characteristics of youth sexting: A national study. American Academy of Pediatrics, 129(1), 13–20.

Planned Parenthood Federation of America. (2014). About us. Retrieved from

Rice, E., Gibbs, J., Winetrobe, H., Rhoades, H., Plant, A., Montoya, J., & Kordic, T. (2014, July). Sexting and Sexual Behavior Among Middle School Students. Pediatrics, 134(1).


Safer Sex Guidelines for Adolescents. (n.d.). Retrieved November 17, 2016, from

Tips for Health Care Providers: Helping Teens and Parents with Sexual Health Needs (n.d.). Retrieved November 17, 2016, from (