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Fire Fighting Services

for the School of


“Architecture”

A P Mandke
Chief Fire Officer,
CIDCO, Fire Brigade
Synopsis
1) A brief overview of the Fire
Fighting Systems used in Urban
Areas including any major
differences of systems according to
building typology.
2) Regulation of Fire Fighting
Services that needs to be followed
as a Designer / Architect in the
light of different codes available
( NBC, DCR etc.)
3) Analysis of current scenario in terms
of compliance to the Fire Fighting
Regulations by Architects, Builders,
Consultants etc.
4) Advancements in the Fire Fighting
Services
1) A brief overview of the
Fire Fighting Systems
used in Urban Areas
including any major
differences of systems
according to building
typology.
Building Typology
1) Residential ( 6 )
2) Educational ( 2 )
3) Institutional ( 3 )
4) Assembly ( 7 )
5) Business ( 5 )
6) Mercantile ( 3 )
7) Industrial ( 3 )
8) Storage ( -- )
9) Hazardous ( -- )
10) Mix Occupancy
2) Regulation of Fire Fighting
Services that needs to be
followed as a Designer /
Architect in the light of
different codes available
( NBC, DCR etc.)
National Building Code of India

Development Control Rule

National Fire Protection


Association
4.6 of NBC 2016 Part III

 12 Mtrs. wide Road


 Minimum 6 Mtrs. Open Space with 9
Mtrs. Turning Radius ( Upto 45 Tones )
 Entrance Gate 6 Mtrs.
Open Spaces
Table 4 of Part III
Fire Tower
2.24 Part IV & E/2 of Part IV of NBC 2016
Staircases
4.4.2.4.3 of Part IV of NBC 2016

Minimum 2 Staircases

May be Internal or External

Width of the Staircase

Travel Distance

Occupant Load
Travel Distance
Dead-End Corridor
Occupant Load
Refuge Area
E/4 of Part IV of NBC 2016
Fire Lift
Podium
 More than 1500 sqm. Plot Area
 Height shall not exceed 30 mtrs. ( with
Ramp )
 Height shall not exceed 09 mtrs. ( with Car
Lift )
 Ramp as per Figure 8-B
 Podium shall not be permitted in required
minimum front open space
 Ramp should withstand the load of 45 ton
Fire Tender Access
 More than 15 mtrs. ( Fig. 9-A)
 Floor Area is less than 10,000 Sqm. (1/3 of
the perimeter with minimum 6 mtrs. wide
and 9 mtrs. Turning Radius.
 Floor Area is more than 10,000 Sqm. (1/2
of the perimeter with minimum 6 mtrs.
wide and 9 mtrs. Turning Radius.
 Podium can be extended upto 11 mtrs.
( Fig. 9-B/C)
Compartmentation
Ventilation
 Natural
1) Ramp
2) Staircases

 Mechanical
1) Air Changes ( 12 Air Changes per Hour in
case of Fire)
2) Exhaust Fans
3) Pressurization
Ventilation
Basic IS Codes

 IS 2189 ( Detector, Alarm, P.A System)

 IS 2190 ( Extinguisher )

 IS 3844 ( Hydrant System)

 IS 15105 ( Sprinkler System )

 NFPA 101
3) Analysis of current scenario
in terms of compliance to the
Fire Fighting Regulations by
Architects, Builders,
Consultants etc.

 Maharashtra Fire Prevention


and Life Safety Measures Act
2006
4) Advancements in the Fire
Fighting Services

 Robot

 Online Clearances
 Inspection & Testing of the
Installation
Thank
you