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Group members:

Ikha Kucai
Nurin Afiq
in Malaysia
 Typicallydone a few months before as a
formal announcement of the marriage
 45-minute ritual
 Puja(prayers) will be conducted
 The bride will be presented with items from
the groom such as
- Jewellery
- Saree
- Mehendi
- bangles
 Includes a series of prayers such as
- The Ganesha Puja (prayers to the elephant
god to ensure that the wedding ceremonies
will be smooth)
- Kalash Puja (symbol of the universe)
- Navagraha Puja (to reduce the negative
influences in the lives of the newly weds)
- Mandap Devata Pujua (to ensure that all
rituals at the Manavarai of Mandap will take
place successfully)
- Gouri Har Puja (for the bride only, to pray for
a good marriage)
- The bride is dressed up & donned with
haldi(herbal product) to beautify her
- Also presented with colourful jewelleries &
- Set the henna & regard the intensity of the
henna colour
- The darker colour of henna symbolizes a
deeper love for the couple
- Done with prayers by the priest at an
auspicious time
 The bride is escorted by the groom’s
entourage to the wedding venue where the
groom awaits her arrival
 The bride and groom represent the Goddess
Parvathi & the Lord Shiva
 They sit on a stage, elevated above the
guests, called the Manavarai
 The priest then recites traditional & religious
quotes for the wedding
 The bride’s father places the hand of his
daughter in the groom’s hand
 The bride’s mother indicates her consent by
pouring water into the hands of her husband
 Also holds a gold sovereign symbolising his
 Thali is gold necklace that symbolises eternal
love in the presence of God
 The priest consecrates the Thali & give it to
the groom
 Who ties it around the bride’s neck & they
become man & wife
 This ritual is the highlight of the wedding
where it is done amidst a crescendo of
- Music
- Chants
- A shower of flowers from the congregation
 Vivaha Homa is a ritual in which the symbolic
fire is lit
 The holy fire symbolizes
- Light
- Knowledge
- Power
- Acts
- proceeded with the “holding the hand”
ritual or the Panigrahana
 Requires the newlywed to take seven steps
around a ceremonial fire while denoting the
following marital vows:
- First: to love one another & be faithful to each
- Second: to embrace each other’s families as our
- Third: to share our joys & sorrows
- Fourth: to care for children
- Fifth: to cherish each other & continuously
strengthen our love
- Sixth: to support each other’s goals
- Seventh: to remain lifelong friends
 Families & guests will offer blessings to the
 After being declared as husband & wife, the
couple bows to family & guest & leave the
mandap as a newly wedded couple