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EARTHQUAKES

Primary & Secondary Effects

PUBLIC SAFETY RULES


Earthquake Effects
Ground Shaking
Earthquake Effects
Ground Shaking
Earthquake Effects
Ground Shaking
Earthquake Effects
Ground Shaking
Earthquake Effects
Ground Shaking
Earthquake Effects
Surface Faulting
Earthquake Effects
Liquefaction
SECONDARY EFFECTS OF
EARTHQUAKES

 Earthquake induced fires.


 Hazardous Material Spills.
 Landslides
 Tsunami.
 Communication Failures.
 Epidemics.
 Huge amount of debris
 Changes of river course.
Earthquake Effects - Landslides
Earthquake Effects - Fires
Earthquake Effects - Tsunamis
1 2

3
SEA QUAKES

Peninsula with faults


EPIDEMICS
DISPOSAL OF DEAD
DEBRIS CLEARENCE
CHANGES IN RIVER COURSE
Seismic
Waves
Earthquake Magnitude

M5

M6

M7
Earthquake Magnitude Scale
Magnitude Earthquake Effects Estimated No.
Each Year

2.5 or less Usually not felt, but can be recorded by 9,00,000


seismograph.

2.5 to 5.4 Often felt, but only causes minor damage. 30,000

5.5 to 6.0 Slight damage to buildings and other structures. 500

6.1 to 6.9 May cause a lot of damage in very populated areas. 100

7.0 to 7.9 Major earthquake. Serious damage. 20

8.0 or Great earthquake. Can totally destroy communities One every 5 to


greater near the epicenter. 10 years
Earthquake Location

Nagpur
Longitude Latitude
DATE TIME MAG REGION

07 FEB 06:23:36 4.8 QUEEN CHALOTTE ISLANDS

06 FEB 16:25:21 4.7 NICOBAR ISLANDS

08:46:12 4 GULF OF CALIFORNIA

08:22:24 4.9 SOUTHERN BOLIVIA

06:07:56 5.5 NICOBAR ISLANDS

04:24:18 5.7 ANDAMAN ISLANDS

01:28:48 5.3 WEST OF MACQUARIE ISLANDS

01:02:43 5 -DO-
Problems for SAR Teams

 Assess the magnitude of the calamities.


 Collect information both official & non
official agencies for relief works.
 Ascertain resources available for relief ops.
Problems for SAR Teams.....

 Coordination of various agencies for :


– Evolving a common programme of work.
– Drawing up operations plans
– Providing facilities like training of
volunteers.
– Establish liaison between Central & State
Governments, Local authorities & Social
Welfare Organisiations.
PRECAUTIONS
&
SAFETY RULES
CAUSES OF DAMAGE TO
HUMAN LIFE

 Falling bricks/stones & plaster


 Splintering glass
 Toppling furniture, collapsing walls
 Rock and land slides on mountains
 Fallen power lines
 Sea waves generated
 Fires
 Panicky human actions
SIMPLE PRECAUTIONS

 Open area is safer


 Move away from falling debris, chimneys, over
head tanks
 Rushing out through staircase is dangerous
 Switch off the lights, power supply & gas
connection
SIMPLE PRECAUTIONS

 Move away from glassed windows &


doors
 Stand behind an inside doorway
 Crouch under a desk, table or bench
 Don’t stay inside large unsupported
halls
SAFETY RULES-BEFORE

 Predict the hazards


 Place large/heavy objects on ground
 Avoid stocks of glass & crystal ware
on top
 Anchor overhead lighting fixtures
 Construct earthquake resistant
buildings and follow building codes
 Know your local ER/CD set-up
SAFETY RULES-DURING

 Remain calm, Plan actions &


consequences, Rescue others
 If indoors watch for falling
objects/debris
 Stay away from glass windows,
mirrors, chimneys
SAFETY RULES-DURING….

 Get under a table, desk or bed in a


corner
 Do not run outside
 If outside move to open area, avoid
high buildings, power poles
 If in vehicle, stop in safe place in open
area
SAFETY RULES-AFTER

 Check for injured persons


 Check for fires
 Wear shoes in all areas
 Check utility lines & appliances for
damage
 Do not use matches,lighters, switches
if any gas leak
SAFETY RULES-AFTER…

 Do not eat/drink anything from open


 Do not spread rumours
 Assist CD & HG, Fire service, Police
 Do not crowd in to damaged areas
ANY QUESTIONS