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Seminar Guide: Submitted By:

Mr. Kuldhir Singh Bhati Shadma Ansari(14/614)
• Cryogenics is the study of production of very low temperatures
and the effects of these temperatures on different substances
and materials.

• Temperatures studied in cryogenics are below -243.67 degrees


• Cryogenic Engine is designed for liquid fuels or cryogens.

• In 1963, United States of America was the first country to develop

Cryogenic Rocket Engine with the use of RL-10 engines with the
successful flight and it is still used on Atlas-V rocket.

• Combination of liquid fuels such as Liquid Oxygen (LOX), and

Liquid Hydrogen(LH2) as an oxidizer and fuel in the different
mixtures or proportions are generally used.

• CE-20 is a cryogenic rocket engine developed by Liquid

Propulsion Systems Centre, a subsidiary of Indian Space
Research Organization.
• In principle, cryogenic rocket engines generate thrust like all
other rocket engines by accelerating an impulse carrier to high

• In rocket engines, the impulse and energy carriers are identical

and are present as fuel in the launcher.

• The chemical energy stored in the fuel is converted into kinetic

energy by burning it in the thrust chamber and subsequent
expansion in the nozzle, thus produces thrust.
Contents to be covered

1. Introduction to Cryogenic Engine

2. History
3. Cryogenic Fuels
4. Principle
5. Types of Cryogenic Engine
6. Construction & Components of Cryogenic Engine
7. Working
8. Advantages & Disadvantages
9. Future of Cryogenic Propulsion
10. Conclusion
[1] Indian Cryogenics Council (2010), Indian Journal of Cryogenics, Vol. 35A, ISSN 0379-0479

[2] Cryogenic Equipment, Systems, and Applications


[3] International Journal for Research in Applied Science & Engineering Technology (IJRASET)
Volume 3 Issue XI, November 2015 ISSN: 2321-9653

[4] The future of cryogenic propulsion

[5] Akhil Chhaniyara, Cryogenic Engine, International Journal of Mechanical engineering &
Robotics Research, Vol 2 ISSN 2278 – 0149 Vol. 2, No. 4, October 2013
by Yu. L. Buyanov

[6] Biblarz, Oscar; Sutton, George H. (2009). Rocket Propulsion Elements. New York: Wiley.
pp. 597. ISBN 0-470-08024-8.