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Renewable energy :

Hydropower, Tidal
Power and Wave Power
• Hydropower or water power is power
derived from the energy of falling water
or fast running water, which may be
harnessed for useful purposes.
Hydropower
• Flowing water creates energy that can
be captured and turned into electricity.
• The most common type of hydroelectric
power plant uses a dam on a river to
store water in a reservoir.
Advantages Disadvantages
• Renewable • Building dam will flood
• Ecofriendly areas
• High installation cost
• Low maintenance • Not useful during drought
• No air pollution seasons
• Low maintenance • Required flowing water
• Tidal power or tidal energy is a form of
hydropower that converts the energy
obtained from tides into useful forms of
power, mainly electricity.
• another form of hydro power that utilises
Tidal Power large amounts of energy within the
oceans tides to generate electricity.
• An “alternative energy” that can also be
classed as a “renewable energy source”,
as the Earth uses the gravitational forces
of both the moon and the sun everyday to
move vast quantities of water around the
oceans and seas producing tides.
Advantages Disadvantages
• Consistent power
• Affect marine life
• Pollution-free • Only provide power for
• Renewable around 10 hours
• Efficient • Can change tidal levels
• Tides are predictable • Reduce kinetic energy of
the ocean
• Provide a storm surge
brrier
• Wave energy, also known as ocean energy
or sea wave energy, is energy harnessed
from ocean or sea waves.
• Wave energy is produced when electricity
Wave Power generators are placed on the surface of
the ocean.
• The energy provided is most often used in
desalination plants, power plants and
water pumps.
• Energy output is determined by wave
height, wave speed, wavelength, and
water density.
Advantages Disadvantages

• Energy is free • Needs a suitable site


(where wave are
• Not expensive to operate consistently strong)
and maintain
• Some designs are noisy
• Can produce a great deal • Must be rough weather
of energy