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Raihanda Dwimart Mangawe

E 281 17 267

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Have You Imagine, Why does The Leaf
have green Colour?

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The Answer is,
Because they Have Chlorophyll.
But, What is Chlorophyll?

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Merriam Webster Definitions of Chlorophyll

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Let’s Learn more About Pigment in Photosynthesis

• Light is absorbed by
pigments.
• The primary pigment for
photosynthesis is
chlorophyll a
• It absorbs blue and red
light, not green (green
light is reflected back!)

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More About Pigment

• Absorption • Action spectrum of


photosynthesis closely
spectrum of matches absorption spectrum
chlorophyll a: BLUE & of
RED
chlorophyll a, but not
perfectly (due to accessory
pigments)

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Thus, What’s the Different between Chlorophyll
a and Chlorophyll b?
• Chlorophyll a is the • Accessory pigments absorb at
different wavelengths, extending the
primary range of light, useful for
photosynthesis.
photosynthetic
• Accessory pigments like chlorophyll b
pigment that drives and carotenoids (beta-carotene,
photosynthesis. lycopene): absorb light at different
wavelengths, (extending the
absorption range) ; help transfer some
energy to chlorophyll a ; protect cell
from harmful byproducts

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Chemical Structure of
Chlorophyll

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More…

Chloroplasts are the


site of
photosynthesis and
found mostly in the
interior cells of
leaves.

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More…

• The green color of


chloroplasts is from
chlorophyll, a light-
absorbing pigment
that plays a central
role in converting solar
energy to chemical
energy.

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Where is Chloroplast?

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Let’s Talk about Photosystems,
To know more about role of
Chlorophyll…
With photo… for a custom effect

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How Chlorophyll Works in Photosynthesis
The Explanations in the

Next Slide

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How Photosystems Harvest Energy?

• Light behaves as • Chlorophyll molecules


photons, a fixed absorb photons.
quantity of light • Electrons in the pigment
gain energy.
energy.
• As the electrons fall
back to their ground
state, energy is used to
drive chemical
processes in the
chloroplast.

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• Photons are absorbed by clusters
• Photosystems : of pigment molecules (antenna
molecules) in the thylakoid
collections of membrane.

chlorophyll • When any antenna molecule


absorbs a photon, it is
molecules transmitted from molecule to
molecule until it reaches a
particular chlorophyll a molecule
= the reaction center.
• At the reaction center is a
primary electron acceptor which
removes an excited electron from
the reaction center chlorophyll a.

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Transfer of Electrons in PSII & PSI

• In PSII, the energy from • After electrons have


the excited e- pumps H+ moved through PSI, an
into the thylakoid as it intermediary molecule
moves through the ETC. (embedded in the
membrane and adjacent
• Electrons from PSII are to PSI) transfers the e- to
transferred to PSI. NADP+. A H+ is attracted
to this molecule and
NADPH is formed.

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Thank You For
your Kind
Attentions 
Please do not Hasitate to give a Constructive

Suggestions to me 

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