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MODULE ONE

PLAN AND PREPARE

RIIWHS205D
CONTROL TRAFFIC WITH STOP-SLOW BAT

1.1 INTRODUCTION

The course covers the requirements of Traffic
Controllers in:
• Planning and preparing.
• Coordinating traffic.
• Operating radios.
• Cleaning up.

1.1 INTRODUCTION

Traffic movement within or around
worksites is particularly hazardous with
a high risk of death or injury resulting
from workers coming into contact
with vehicular traffic, or moving
plant, and from collisions between
moving plant and other vehicles.

Traffic controllers using a stop-slow
bat are one method of managing
these risks as part of a site Traffic
Management Plan.

1.2 TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT PLAN
A Traffic Management Plan is required by legislation whenever
works affect traffic on public and private roads, parking areas or
on restricted access construction sites.

The plan normally includes a traffic guidance scheme, worksite
hazard assessment and details of the works, (where, what and how
long etc.).

1 REASONS FOR A TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT PLAN The Traffic Management Plan aims to: • Protect workers. Communicate details of works and possible impacts on traffic. driving conditions and of men/machinery engaged in work. • Guide road users safely through. around or past the worksite. • Reduce disruptions to public transport.2. • Provide proper warnings of changes in the road surface. road users and pedestrians. . • Reduce the impact of the works on traffic and others likely to be affected.1.

2 TRAFFIC GUIDANCE SCHEME The plan must include a Traffic Guidance Scheme that shows on a diagram or sketch the physical location of traffic control signs and devices being used to guide traffic around a work area or temporary hazard.1.2. • Lights. • Markers. . This may include: • Warning signs.

• Road and footpath closures. • Bollards. • Barriers.2 TRAFFIC GUIDANCE SCHEME • Cones. .2. • Detours or side tracks. • Traffic controllers.1.

.2.1.3 USE OF TRAFFIC CONTROLLERS Traffic controllers are used when signs and devices are considered insufficient to provide for safety. • Single-lane operation – to restrict traffic to a single direction or control alternating use of the lane. Situations requiring control of traffic by controllers using stop-slow bats are listed below: • Road surfacing – to slow down. stop or direct traffic as needed. • Low-speed operation – to warn and slow down traffic. public convenience and efficient management of traffic in and around the worksite.

• Emergency situations – to stop and direct traffic as necessary. blasting works). • Limited sight distance in worksite – to warn traffic to slow down due to a potential hazard ahead. . 1. to inform drivers of the likely delay and to hold traffic until it is clear or safe to proceed (e.2.3 USE OF TRAFFIC CONTROLLERS • Temporary total closures – to stop traffic. • Plant crossings – to stop traffic to allow plant crossing or entering the roadway where needed.g.

3 PLAN AND PREPARE The responsibilities and requirements of traffic controllers are set out under various legislative. including compliance documentation. understand and apply information relevant to controlling traffic with a stop-slow bat. organisation and site requirements and procedures. . You must be able to access.1.

Every worksite will have site specific requirements which will be outlined during your initial induction.1 COMPLIANCE DOCUMENTATION Compliance documentation is the name given to the documents that require you to undertake tasks in a particular way or to meet a given standard.3. in staff newsletters or other established forms of communication used on the site. Staff should be notified of changes to compliance documentation during tool box meetings.1. .

1 COMPLIANCE DOCUMENTATION Some forms of compliance documentation can include: • Legislative requirements e. OSHA 94.g. workplace relations.3. JKR and JPJ etc. • Organisational policies and procedures e.1. sick leave requirements. .g. An organisational policy or procedure is standard across the entire organisation regardless of where you are working. FMA.

3. These site specific policies and procedures have been developed to meet the hazards. risks or environmental considerations of the site.g. A site policy or procedure is only for the site you are working on.1 COMPLIANCE DOCUMENTATION Site specific policies and procedures e. emergency policies. . evacuation procedures.1.

pre start checklists.1 COMPLIANCE DOCUMENTATION • Manufacturer’s guidelines and specification e. your own training record or licensing requirements.g.g. service requirements. • Training records e. • Work or mine specifications.3. .g.1. vehicle operations manuals. • Vehicle specifications e. operating limits.

consider and must.1.3. .1.1 INTERPRETING AND APPLYING COMPLIANCE DOCUMENTATION When interpreting documents it is vital that you understand the difference between words such as should.

If you are in any doubt as to what you should do after reading the documentation. it is essential you speak with your supervisor or other designated person. for further instructions or clarification. .1 INTERPRETING AND APPLYING COMPLIANCE DOCUMENTATION Applying the information in these documents means following the directions in the documents.1.3.1.

4 REQUIREMENTS OF TRAFFIC CONTROLLERS The most important compliance documents that relate to traffic controllers are: • State and territory traffic management legislation. • Regulations and codes of practice.1. .

gov.au NT Dept.wa.transport.gov.nt.gov.gov. of Transport & Main Roads www.au NSW Roads and Traffic Authority www.sa.4. of Lands and Planning www.vic.tas.au WA Main Roads www.vicroads.transport.au .au SA Dept. of Infrastructure. for Transport.qld.au QLD Dept.au Dept.gov. Energy & Infrastructure www. Energy & TAS www.dpi.rta.gov.nsw.gov. of Territory and Municipal Services www.gov.1 REGULATIONS AND CODES You can find out what regulations and codes of practice apply in your state from the relevant Road and Traffic Authority office: Road and traffic authority office details include: State Department: Website: /Territory: ACT Dept.mainroads.tams.act.au Resources VIC VicRoads www.1.mainroads.

site manager or anyone else authorised to confirm the job requirements and if possible also obtain copies of all work instructions. CONFIRM AND APPLY WORK INSTRUCTIONS Before you start any work make sure you talk to your supervisor.5 OBTAIN.1. .

1.1 TYPES OF INSTRUCTIONS Work instructions can take many forms including: .5.

Operational details.5. .2 LOCATION OF INSTRUCTIONS The instructions may be found in: • Plans. • Safe work procedures or equivalent. • Specifications.1. Quality requirements.

. • Instructions issued by authorised personnel/workers. • Relevant Australian Standards. • Manufacturers' specifications and instructions. 1. • Organisation work specifications and requirements.5.2 LOCATION OF INSTRUCTIONS • Regulations or legislation.

3 CLARIFY AND CONFIRM REQUIREMENTS AND INSTRUCTIONS It is essential that your work requirements are clear. • Make sure you understand well enough to complete your tasks.1. understood and confirmed. • Confirm by repeating the information back to make sure you have understood.5. • Ask questions until you understand what is required of you. .

. • Arrangement of traffic control devices for each stage of the works.5. • Why you are managing traffic during each stage of the works.4 TASK REQUIREMENTS AND INSTRUCTIONS When preparing for traffic control duties you will need to be clear about your role in regard to: • Lines of responsibility and reporting.1.

(E.5.g.1.4 TASK REQUIREMENTS AND INSTRUCTIONS • Communication arrangements. . • Duration and times of works. day or night operation). • Arrangements for rest breaks. • Details of traffic controllers needed for each stage of the works.

.1.5. • Emergency access – for workers and/or any emergency vehicles.5 INCIDENT AND EMERGENCY REQUIREMENTS AND INSTRUCTIONS You will need to be clear on your role in incident and emergency situations such as: • Emergency contact details. • Minimising the risk of end-of- queue collisions when traffic builds up.

nearby school or public transport).5 INCIDENT AND EMERGENCY REQUIREMENTS AND INSTRUCTIONS • Reporting incidents and/or traffic offences.g. Understanding the requirements of the job will help you do your work better and more efficiently. Creating a to-do list or task sheet may help with this. • Unusual hazards or job requirements. .1. (E.5.

.1. CONFIRM AND APPLY SAFETY REQUIREMENTS The safety of workers. road users and pedestrians is most important. As a traffic controller you must use safety requirements from the site safety plan and organisational policies and procedures for the work.6 OBTAIN.

. There’s also an obligation to provide a safe workplace that minimises the possibility of injury to workers by traffic around the work area. To meet these obligations.1 PROVIDING A SAFE WORKSITE The organisation needs to be aware of its responsibilities under OSHA legislation for any injury to road users or damage to property as a result of the work. the organisation should ensure workers are appropriately trained (including site induction).6.1.

6.2 RESPONSIBILITIES The traffic controller’s main responsibilities are to: .1.

. all workers and visitors to such worksites. shall be supplied by their employer with the relevant high- visibility protective equipment and clothing to wear at all times.7 PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT Because of the potential hazards associated with working on or adjacent to road worksites.1.

• Safety footwear.1. shirt. jacket or overalls (day use only). • Retro-reflective outer garment (night use only). .7 PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT This equipment and clothing shall meet the relevant standard and comprise the following items: • High visibility garments: • Fluorescent high visibility vest.

• Approved skin protection (sun screens). • Wet weather clothing (high visibility).7 PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT Also as required: • Safety helmets (hat or cap type) that comply with the current Australian Standard. • High visibility cloth hats where safety policy permits. .1.

.8 SAFE OPERATING PROCEDURES Established safety procedures should be followed in all day- to-day operations regarding: Daily operations include: Hazardous materials.1. Hazards On The Poles. Worksite Trip hazards. Dirt mounds. Recently filled trenches. Traffic control. Restricted access barriers. Pits. Excavations.

. Facilities. Embankments.8 SAFE OPERATING PROCEDURES Daily operations include: Trees.1. Overhead services. Bridges. Uneven/unstable terrain. Underground services. Hazards In The Cuttings. Structures. Worksite Area Obstructions. Surrounding buildings.

Traffic. Inclement weather. Working in low light or at night.8 SAFE OPERATING PROCEDURES Daily operations include: Other machines. The Working Fatigue. Personnel/workers. Mobile Hazards Worksite visitors and the public. Working in proximity to others. Environment And Conditions Fires. Hazards Arising From Sun and heat.1. .

However where this is not possible. appropriate traffic control methods will help protect workers from traffic. .9 SITE ISOLATION AND TRAFFIC CONTROL Isolating the worksite using fences or barriers is the best way to provide better safety for workers and the general public.1.

or to control single lane flow. and traffic signals. including works speed limit signs for speeds less that 40 km/h. Traffic controllers or traffic signals should be used as needed to slow traffic on the approach to an active work area. to stop traffic when required for the movement of plant or other operations.1. .9 SITE ISOLATION AND TRAFFIC CONTROL Passage of traffic through a work area should only be permitted where both the traffic and the work can be adequately controlled. Some traffic control devices need authorisation from the Road Traffic Authority.

1. this may require the obliteration of original pre-works markings that are likely to confuse drivers and workers. Where the route changes from normal. When it is too dangerous to allow traffic through the work area. Prior approval of the signing layout should be obtained from the State Department or local government as appropriate. . either a detour using existing roads or a special side-track can be used.9 SITE ISOLATION AND TRAFFIC CONTROL Traffic paths past the work area must be clearly set out.

. • It provides an induction document that workers must read and understand before starting the job.1.10 SAFE WORK METHOD STATEMENTS A Safe Work Method Statement (SWMS) details how a job should be carried out and how the specific hazards and risks related to the task will be managed. A SWMS fulfills a number of objectives: • It outlines a safe method of work for a specific job.

• It is a quality assurance tool. .1. hazard identification. risk assessment and risk control.10 SAFE WORK METHOD STATEMENTS • It assists in meeting legal responsibilities for the risk management process. the materials required. the time required and the people involved to achieve a safe and efficient outcome. • It assists in effectively coordinating the work.

10 SAFE WORK METHOD STATEMENTS To complete a SWMS: .1.

10 SAFE WORK METHOD STATEMENTS .1.

10 SAFE WORK METHOD STATEMENTS The SWMS must be available for inspection at any given time.1. SWMS may also be referred to as Safe Work Procedures (SWP) or JSA. . It must also be reviewed each year and amended if necessary.

.1 TRAFFIC CONTROLLER SWMS A SWMS for a traffic controller should address the following safe work methods: • Wearing of approved high visibility external garments. • Safe distances from approaching traffic and work area. • Use and placement of warning signs.10. Safe approach speeds up to 60 km/h.1.

You should ensure you are familiar with the requirements of the SWMS for your worksite.1. • Taking frequent rest breaks. • Having a clear escape path.10. .1 TRAFFIC CONTROLLER SWMS • Communication protocols. • Best positioning for visibility and line of sight. Training requirements.

THANK YOU .