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Carbon Monoxide Safety

Marshall University Safety & Health

Carbon Monoxide

With the onset of cold weather, most of us have already
switched on our heating systems. Beware! If you have not
maintained your heating equipment this single act can be

According to the Consumer Product Safety Commission
(CPSC), CO poisoning associated with fuel-burning
appliances kills more than 200 people each year.

Marshall University Safety & Health

Treatment 6.Take the Test 2. References Marshall University Safety & Health . Outline 1. The Physiology of CO 3. Carbon Monoxide Composite Risk Management 4. Symptoms of Carbon Monoxide Poisoning 5. Test Your Risk . Prevention 7.

oil True False and gas burn.Take the Test True or False Question: Carbon monoxide is a poisonous gas which is dangerous at high levels. Question: Carbon monoxide builds when the air circulating through our homes and heating systems doesn't get vented True False properly. Question: Carbon monoxide is odorless. It's created when fuels like wood. Venting problems such as birds building nests in chimneys can happen in homes of any age. Normally. Carbon Monoxide Test Your Risk . Marshall University Safety & Health . colorless and tasteless True False which is why it's often called the "silent killer". the small amounts caused by our heating equipment are vented to the outside and do not build up inside.

stay out of your home until True False repairs are complete. wood burning stoves.get everyone. and chimneys) should be checked every True False year before the heating season by a certified heating technician. call a certified heating technician to check for carbon monoxide Question: There is always the risk that carbon monoxide will True False leak into the house even if the garage door is open. Marshall University Safety & Health . Question: If anyone feels ill . Call 911 or your local fire department for help. Carbon Monoxide Question: Heating systems (furnaces. out of the house regardless if the alarm is sounding or not. Reset the alarm. ventilate the building by opening all windows and doors. including your pets. If no one is ill. fireplaces. Once the source of the CO is found . If it continues to sound.

drowsiness. However. and loss of consciousness. headache. The key True False difference is that there is no fever with CO poisoning. True False CO poisoning can cause permanent brain damage. Question: Carbon monoxide poisoning has symptoms that are similar to the flu: nausea. burning eyes. Marshall University Safety & Health . confusion. in very severe cases. These are all warning signs. Alarms are a good second line of defense and every home should have them. Carbon Monoxide Question: Many victims of carbon monoxide poisoning recover with treatment. Question: The first line of defense against carbon monoxide poisoning is prevention through annual inspections of your home heating equipment including True False vents and chimneys. The symptoms tend to disappear when the person gets fresh air.

Marshall University Safety & Health . you thought any of the statements were false! They are all true. Carbon Monoxide THE ANSWERS: Are you at risk from carbon monoxide poisoning? You are if.

oil. or wood may produce CO. It is poisonous to people and animals. liquefied petroleum (LP gas). Burning charcoal produces CO. Marshall University Safety & Health . liquid. The Physiology of CO Carbon Monoxide (known by the chemical symbol CO) is a colorless and practically odorless gas. and gaseous fuels. Running cars produce CO. coal. kerosene. because it displaces oxygen in the blood. It is produced by the incomplete burning of solid. Appliances fueled with natural gas.

since it is starved for oxygen (ie. The Physiology of CO Oxygen is carried from the lungs by the blood hemoglobin to the tissues. and normal healthy oxidative metabolism goes on. preventing oxygen from being carried. blue in color). here the beating heart is shown. Marshall University Safety & Health . During Carbon Monoxide poisoning. Note how slowly and weakly the heart is beating. and blocking normal oxidative metabolism. CO is carried from the lungs by the blood hemoglobin to the tissues.

Be proactive. Here's how: 1. it will" applies equally to home heating appliances. Carbon Monoxide Safety CO is so dangerous you can not take anything for granted. or inoperative CO alarm. The old maxim "if something can go wrong. blocked chimney flue. closed fresh make-up air return. inadequate ventilation.inspect your heating system for such things as a faulty furnace/heater.Identify hazards . Use the composite risk management process to prevent poisoning. blocked return air registers. Marshall University Safety & Health . dirty/clogged filters. Certain plastic furnace vent pipes have just been identified in a recall by CPSC and require replacement.

Have a qualified technician inspect your heating system. vents and piping. Implement controls - Clean or replace dirty filters regularly. space heaters.critical . fireplaces. Do not allow furniture to block air registers. 4. Make risk decisions – develop controls . hot water heater. Heed the manufacturer's recommendations. Carbon Monoxide Safety 2. The potential for serious harm is so great immediate action is required if any hazards are found.CO likely to cause death as exposure time and concentration increases. Assess risks . 3. Marshall University Safety & Health .

follow the manufacturer's warning about ventilation. Do not assume opening the garage door is sufficient protection. When you return. turn off the motor as soon as you stop. drive the vehicle outside immediately. Continued (Implement controls) – •If you use supplemental heaters. Carbon Monoxide Safety 4. have it repaired. When you start the engine. Marshall University Safety & Health . •Ensure the flue is unobstructed before lighting your fireplace. If you suspect there is an exhaust leak. •Never use a hibachi or barbecue grill inside a home or garage. •Never leave your vehicle running in the garage.

Follow manufacturer's recommendations for installation and testing the alarm. 5. Units with digital readouts are best. fatigue). get fresh air immediately. Supervise .Be sensitive to health changes (unexplained headaches. nausea. dizziness. Carbon Monoxide Safety Purchase and install one or more CO alarms. Call your emergency telephone number and go to an emergency room. Don't wait. Units are designed to sense low levels of CO and sound a loud audible alarm. Open doors and windows. If you suspect you or someone in your house is experiencing co exposure or poisoning. Marshall University Safety & Health .

Common Producers of CO All of these items “Burn” some type of fuel! Marshall University Safety & Health .

and mental changes may also occur. * A symptom is something YOU feel. However. Symptom of Carbon Monoxide The first symptom* of carbon monoxide poisoning is usually a tightness across the forehead. Marshall University Safety & Health . a sign is something you SEE. the victim may pass out without feeling any of these symptom. Weariness. dizziness. if the carbon monoxide is very concentrated. followed by headache and pounding of the heart. A positive sign* of progressive carbon monoxide poisoning is if the victim's face becomes extremely red.

Treatment The following is recommended for victims of carbon monoxide poisoning: •Remove victim away from contaminated area into fresh air and loosen clothing. •If oxygen is available. •Keep victim resting. Marshall University Safety & Health . as appropriate. •Seek medical attention immediately. •Give artificial respiration or CPR. give it to the victim by using a face mask.

Delayed symptoms include visual defects (blurry vision. or loss of sight). Marshall University Safety & Health . symptoms may occur days. dizziness. or even weeks later. even if the victim at first appears to have fully recovered. profound changes in emotions and will power. Treatment If the victim was severely exposed to carbon monoxide. as well as mental changes (depression).

Where is CO located at home? Marshall University Safety & Health .

Marshall University Safety & Health . Never operate engines in a closed garage without exhaust ventilation. Never sleep in or near vehicles with the engine running. Check to be sure there are no leaks in your vehicle exhaust system. Prevention You can safeguard against carbon monoxide poisoning by making sure of the following: Never sit in vehicles for long periods with the engine running and windows closed.

open a window for ventilation. Install a carbon monoxide detector. Prevention Avoid the use of unvented heaters and charcoal grills in closed areas. Avoid lodging in a room or house heated by charcoal. Marshall University Safety & Health . Avoid sleeping directly on the floor. Make sure heaters are set at the proper combustion ratio and heating system is leak free. If in doubt as to the heating system. Have your furnace checked by a professional.

.e. Periodically run the engine/heater to help to keep you warm. with snow. when doing this. Marshall University Safety & Health . Prevention If you become stranded. open the windows slightly and ensure the vehicle exhaust is not blocked (i. However. you should remain in your vehicle.) Only run the engine as long as it is necessary to keep warm.

pdf  www.html  http://downloads.nsc. For More Information  View the following websites:  www.cpsc.pdf Marshall University Safety & Health .gov/cpscpub/pubs/ s/carbonmonoxide-factsheet.