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MODIFICATION OF COTTON FABRIC INCORPORATING

SUPERHYDROPHOBIC AND FLAME RETARDANT


PROPERTIES OF NANOSILICA DERIVED
FROM RICE HUSKS.
Guinhawa, Nadinne Adriene B.
Lusanta, Evita Jill B.
Rosales, Karisa A.
Contents

1 The Problem and Its Background

2 Review of Related Literature and Studies

3 Methodology
The Problem and
Its Background
MODIFICATION OF COTTON FABRIC INCORPORATING SUPERHYDROPHOBIC AND Chapter 1: The Problem and
FLAME RETARDANT PROPERTIES OF NANOSILICA DERIVED FROM RICE HUSKS. Its Background
Guinhawa, Nadinne Adriene, Lusanta, Evita Jill & Rosales, Karisa

Introduction
MODIFICATION OF COTTON FABRIC INCORPORATING SUPERHYDROPHOBIC AND Chapter 1: The Problem and
FLAME RETARDANT PROPERTIES OF NANOSILICA DERIVED FROM RICE HUSKS. Its Background
Guinhawa, Nadinne Adriene, Lusanta, Evita Jill & Rosales, Karisa

Statement of the Problem

Cotton-Modified
Nanosilica Fabric
Cotton vs CMF
Characteristics
•Surface morphology
•Physical Properties Characteristics •Surface roughness
•Size •Surface morphology •Flame Retardancy
•Shape •Surface roughness (Burning Rate)
•Surface morphology •Water contact angle
MODIFICATION OF COTTON FABRIC INCORPORATING SUPERHYDROPHOBIC AND Chapter 1: The Problem and
FLAME RETARDANT PROPERTIES OF NANOSILICA DERIVED FROM RICE HUSKS. Its Background
Guinhawa, Nadinne Adriene, Lusanta, Evita Jill & Rosales, Karisa

Null Hypothesis

There are no significant differences among


the flammability of the product mixed with
nanosilica.
The use of nanosilica derived
from rice husk has no
significant effect on the cotton
to produce a fabric with The produced cotton-modified fabric has
hydrophobic properties. no significant difference with ordinary
cotton.
MODIFICATION OF COTTON FABRIC INCORPORATING SUPERHYDROPHOBIC AND Chapter 1: The Problem and
FLAME RETARDANT PROPERTIES OF NANOSILICA DERIVED FROM RICE HUSKS. Its Background
Guinhawa, Nadinne Adriene, Lusanta, Evita Jill & Rosales, Karisa

Significance of the Study


MODIFICATION OF COTTON FABRIC INCORPORATING SUPERHYDROPHOBIC AND Chapter 1: The Problem and
FLAME RETARDANT PROPERTIES OF NANOSILICA DERIVED FROM RICE HUSKS. Its Background
Guinhawa, Nadinne Adriene, Lusanta, Evita Jill & Rosales, Karisa

Scope and Limitation

•Rice husks will be obtained from


Taysan, Batangas.
•The synthesized nanosilica will
undergo characterization tests.
•Cotton will be procured from the
market as well as the polydopamine.
•The focus will be only on the
modification of the cotton to improve
its properties.
Dip-coating
Method
MODIFICATION OF COTTON FABRIC INCORPORATING SUPERHYDROPHOBIC AND Chapter 1: The Problem and
FLAME RETARDANT PROPERTIES OF NANOSILICA DERIVED FROM RICE HUSKS. Its Background
Guinhawa, Nadinne Adriene, Lusanta, Evita Jill & Rosales, Karisa

Conceptual Framework
PROCESS
Alkaline Extraction and
Precipitation Method
Analysis of Nano-Silica Particles
INPUT Dip Coating of Cotton to the OUTPUT
mixture of nano-silica and
Rice Husk dopamine
Drying of the cotton – modified
Cotton Cotton-Modified
fabric
Fabric
Polydopamine Testing of the hydrophobicity and
flame retardancy property of the
cotton
Comparison of the modified cotton
fabric to the ordinary cotton in the
market
Review of Related
Literature and
Studies
Nuntiya and Thuadaijj (2007)
Preparation of Nanosilica Powder from
Rice Husk Ash by Precipitation Method

Elango and Kannan (2014)


High-purity nanosilica powder from rice

NANOSILICA
husk using a simple chemical method

Ghorbani et al. (2015)


Production of Silica Nanoparticles from
Rice Husk as Agricultural Waste by
Environmental Friendly Technique

Moreno (2003)
Utilization of Silica from Rice Husks to
produce flame retardant polypropylene
Liu et al. (2013)
Cotton fabrics were then dip-coated into the nanotubes
suspension and resulted in the deposition and the
immobilization of the nanotubes onto the fiber surfaces.

Wu et al.(2103)
facile fabrication of durable superhyrdophobic

DIP-COATING fabrics by dip coating in a nanocomposite solution


of flouro-free organosilanes.

Zhang et. Al (2013)

METHOD a facile approach for the preparation of durable and


robust superhyrdophobic fabrics by simply dip-coating
method in a nanocomposite solution composed of an
oligomer of hexadecyltriethoxylsilane (HDTES) and HDTES-
modified silica nanoparticles.

Tissera et al. (2014)


presented a study on hydrophobic cotton
textile surfaces using an amphiphilic
graphene oxide coating.
Methodology
MODIFICATION OF COTTON FABRIC INCORPORATING SUPERHYDROPHOBIC AND
FLAME RETARDANT PROPERTIES OF NANOSILICA DERIVED FROM RICE HUSKS. Chapter 3: Methodology
Guinhawa, Nadinne Adriene, Lusanta, Evita Jill & Rosales, Karisa

PRODUCTION OF COTTON MODIFIED FABRIC

Collection and Preparation of


Rice Husks

Combustion of
Rice Husks

Rice Husk Ash

Alkaline Extraction and


Acid Precipitation
Mixing

Dip-Coating
Method

Cotton-Modified
Fabric
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