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What is a habitat? Types of habitat. Desert Arctic Tundra Forest Grassland Rainforest Savannah Prairies Wetlands Marine

What is a habitat?
‡ The natural environment and the living community of plants, animals and other organisms determine an ecosystem. ‡ A habitat is the natural area or environement where a particular animal or plant species lives.

Types of habitat
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Desert

‡ Extremely dry air ‡ Little rain ± less than 10 inches a year ‡ High daytime temperatures ‡ Lots of wind ‡ Typical animals include insects, reptiles, birds, and some little mammals

Arctic Tundra
‡ Extremely short growing seasons (6 to 10 weeks) ‡ Long, cold, dark winters (6 to 10 months) ‡ Low Precipitation ‡ Snow provides insulation ‡ Wildlife includes birds, reindeer, foxes, bears, seals, and walruses

Forest

‡ Covers 1/3 of the Earth¶s area ‡ Dominated by trees and woody vegetation ‡ Precipitation is distributed evenly throughout the year ‡ Animal life includes many things such as bears, deer,and rodents

Grassland

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Dominated by grasses Commonly flat or rolling terrains Soil almost completely covered by vegetation Commonly had fires and high winds Characterized by periods of rain followed by periods of drought

Rainforest
‡ The Rain Forest is made of four layers: 1. The first is the emergent layer 2. The second is the canopy 3. The third is the understory 4. The fourth is the forest floor ‡ The Rain Forest contains about 50% of all animal and plant species ‡ There live mammals, reptiles, birds, and invertebrates. Mammals include primates and felids. Reptiles include snakes and turtles ‡ Characterized by high rainfall

Savannah

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Warm, hot climates Major vegetation is grass Dry and rainy seasons Seasonal fires The Savannah is home to various reptiles, rodents, birds, and large mammals such as elephants or giraffes, and felids like lions

Prairie

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Temperatures vary summer to winter Moderate rain fall Seasonal drought and occasional fires Typical animal life includes rabbits, deer, foxes, coyotes or birds

Wetlands
‡ Water is present at least part of the year ‡ Plants are adapted to living in wet soils ‡ There are generally five kinds of areas where we find wetlands: 1. Rivers 2. near coasts and lakes 3. in depressions where land is low 4. in flat areas that receive significant rainfall

Marine
‡ This environement include everything from the layers of surface water to the depths of the abyssal trenches, 10,000 meters or more beneath the surface of the ocean ‡ Included habitats such as coral reefs, kelp forests, tide pools, muddy, sandy and rocky bottoms, and the open ocean zone ‡ There live numerous species of plants and animals, specially fish, cetaceans and seabirds. These range in size from microscopic organisms to the huge whales