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Development of Outpatient Nutrition Risk Prediction Tool to Prevent

Diabetes Related Hospitalizations


Brittnee Williams, Dietetic Intern, James A. Haley Veterans’ Hospital
Chelsey Armendinger, RD, LD/N, Ambulatory Care Nutrition Section Chief, James A. Haley Veterans’ Hospital

Background Project Aim and Purpose Conclusions and Recommendations


Ambulatory Care Sensitive Conditions (ACSC) are conditions for The aim of this project was to identify characteristics and themes • Identification of high risk patients seen at routine primary care
which early intervention and quality outpatient care can potentially among Diabetes-related Ambulatory Care Sensitive Conditions to appointments increases Veteran access to care.
prevent disease complications and hospitalizations. Hospitalization for reduce the number of inpatient admissions by proactively assisting • By using this tool, the team Dietitian can quickly evaluate all
complications of ACSC is therefore an indicator used to examine the Veterans in managing their diabetes in the outpatient nutrition setting. patients scheduled to be seen in the clinic for prioritization and
quality and accessibility of health care1. The Agency for Healthcare The purpose of this project was to use characteristics and themes coordination of same day, walk-in appointments with the dietitian.
Research and Quality maintains a list of 13 Prevention Quality Indicators identified among Veterans hospitalized for diabetes complications for • Encounters with a dietitian in the outpatient setting can aid the
that can be used with hospital inpatient discharge data to identify quality the development and implementation of a proactive risk prediction tool. Veteran in managing their diabetes or pre-diabetes and potentially
of care for ACSC1. The Veteran’s Health Administration uses 12 of these
prevent future complications and associated hospitalizations.
sets of measures for their ACSC model2, three of which are directly Methods • Early identification of nutrition intervention opportunities related to
related to complications of diabetes mellitus (DM). Just as diabetes
affects a disproportionately large percentage of the Veteran population, • A retrospective chart review was conducted from October 2017 to disease management provides for more proactive, timely and
diabetes related ACSC hospitalizations are responsible for a significant January 2018. focused nutrition care with improved outcomes and better access to
section of ACSC admissions3,4. Therefore, this area has been identified • There were a total 211 ACSC diabetes related hospitalizations of care.
as an opportunity for increased efficiency at James A. Haley Veterans’ JAHVH Veterans from July 1, 2016 to July 1, 2017. • Tool training and implementation is scheduled to begin May 2018.
Hospital (JAHVH) and Veterans Integrated Service Network (VISN) 85. • ACSC hospitalizations were defined as hospital discharge diagnosis • Validation of this tool is needed to help to assess its effectiveness in
Early identification and proactive care for those at increased nutritional codes relating to complications from uncontrolled Type 1 or Type 2 improving patient access and outcomes.
risk can help to lower hospital admissions associated with ACSC, raise Diabetes. • Future analysis of individual encounters may also help to identify
quality of care indicator and improve the health and quality of life • An interactive tool was then created by our Data Acquisition & the most effective nutrition interventions for the management of
outcomes for the Veterans served by JAHVH. Analytics Service to be implemented in the outpatient nutrition setting. diabetes and prevention of diabetes related hospital admissions.

Outpatient Dietitian Diabetes Nutrition Risk Identification Tool


Appt Date of Last Blood
Patient Name Age Appointment Type Existing Diagnoses Associated with Diabetes Risk of Hospitalization A1c BMI LDL
Date/Clinic Appointment Pressure
1/5/2001 Nutrition Individual Appt (123) Anemia Atherosclerosis/cardiomyopathy
5/14/2018 Nutrition Group Appt (124) Diabetes Mellitus/Prediabetes Heart failure
MOVE! Group Appt (373) Malnutrition Peripheral vascular disease 29.5
Last, First 65 MOVE! Individual Appt (372) Overweight/Obesity Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 9% H (overweight/ 131/84 H 101 mg/dL H
PCA-Alpha 1/5/2001 Diabetes (306) Hypercholesterolemia/hyperlipidemia Gastroparesis obese)
Clinic Hypertension Cirrhosis of liver
Findings Chronic Kidney Disease Patient's noncompliance

ACSC DM Admission Details References


Prevalence of Diabetes at JAHVH
Top Discharge Diagnosis Codes % of admissions Age (yrs) Uniques Admissions 1. Prevention Quality Indicators Overview. AHRQ - Quality Indicators.
https://qualityindicators.ahrq.gov/Modules/pqi_resources.aspx. Accessed September 28, 2017.
20-29 2 2 2. Ambulatory Care Sensitive Conditions. Veterans Health Administration Office of Productivity, Efficiency & Staffing.
No Diabetes
T2DM w/ Hyperglycemia 34% 30-39 7 13 http://opes.vssc.med.va.gov/ACSC/Pages/default.aspx. Accessed Sept 28, 2017.
Diabetes 28% 3. Diabetes Latest. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/features/diabetesfactsheet/.
40-49 10 14 Published June 17, 2014. Accessed September 29, 2017
34% 4. Management VHAM. Veterans Health Administration. Close to 25 percent of VA Patients Have Diabetes - Veterans
T2DM w/ hypoglycemia w/o coma 12% 50-59 32 41 Health Administration. https://www.va.gov/health/NewsFeatures/20111115a.asp. Published November 15, 2011.

Prediabetes 60-69 68 76 Accessed September 29, 2017.


5. Strategic Analytics for Improvement and Learning Report. Veterans Health Administration VISN (Veterans Integrated
T2DM w/ foot ulcer 10% 38% 70-79 44 48 Service Network) Support Services Center.
http://reports2.vssc.med.va.gov/ReportServer/Pages/ReportViewer.aspx?%2fMgmtReports%2fVATR%2fSAIL_Prod%
80-89 14 15
Other 44% 2fSAIL&rs:Command=Render Accessed September 28, 2017.
90-99 2 2
Thank you to our Data Acquisition and Analytics Service for their support and assistance throughout
Total 179 211 the duration of this project!