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Introduction to SAP ERP

June 2009


 What are Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) Systems?
 Incredibly large, extensive software packages used to manage a
firm’s business processes.
 Standard software packages that must be configured to meet the
needs of a company
 Database programs with the following functions:
 Input
 Storage/Retrieval
28,610+ Tables in SAP
 Manipulation
 Output

2 © 2008 by SAP AG. All rights reserved.

D. aimed at smaller companies  SAP Business One is competing product 3 © 2008 by SAP AG. Anwendungen. the German juggernaut  Systeme.  Don’t be a sap!  Oracle/PeopleSoft/J. All rights reserved.D. Edwards (J. or  Systems. . Analysis and Products in Data Processing. Orisoft)  Microsoft Great Plains. Produkte in der Datenverarbeitung. ERP  Who are the big ERP vendors?  SAP.

PP SD MM Workflow Prod. SAP R/3 Enterprise FI Financial Accounting QM PS PM Quality Project Plant Mgmt. System Maint. Sales & Materials Planning Distrib. CO 4 © 2008 by SAP AG. All rights reserved. Mgmt. HR AM Human Asset Resources Mgmt. Controlling .

SAP R/3 Enterprise SAP can use a number of database programs to actually store the data. All rights reserved. Oracle DB2 MSSQL 5 © 2008 by SAP AG. .

Configuration  Configuration is the process of making standard software fit your business. SAP. All rights reserved.  Customization  Writing code at SAP-specified user exits  Third-party software solutions 6 © 2008 by SAP AG. has:  Over 8000 configuration decisions  Data structuring  Sales divisions. distribution channels  Rewriting Code (Modifications)  Not recommended because of compatibility problems when updated versions of the software are installed. . as an example.

Master Material Master Master Pricing Pricing Basic 7 © 2008 by SAP AG. A typical manufacturing company CO Calendars Currencies FI Manufacturing Inputs Outputs Process Vendor Cust. Data . All rights reserved.

All rights reserved. Three-tier Client/Server Architecture Application Server Application Server USER PCs USER PCs Database Server Application Application Server Server 8 © 2008 by SAP AG. .

All rights reserved. . Two-tier Client/Server Architecture (configuration typical for training) Database and Application Server User PCs 9 © 2008 by SAP AG.

SAP vs MS Office Database and Application Server Nothing is saved on your PC. All rights reserved. and they are saved for good. Only things saved on our server in Missouri are saved. 10 © 2008 by SAP AG. .

Saving in Windows vs SAP  In Window Applications. you save often so you don’t lose everything when you get the Blue Screen of Death: 11 © 2008 by SAP AG. . All rights reserved.

. there are very few delete options:  Don’t save if things don’t look 100% correct! Exit the transaction and start over 12 © 2008 by SAP AG. Saving in Windows vs SAP ...2  In SAP. All rights reserved.

a table entry Column (attribute) Field Mandt Client 201 201 Row 201 (Record) 202 202 13 © 2008 by SAP AG. Clients in SAP R/3  What is a client?  A way to separate data in the system  In some ways. . a separate database  Also. All rights reserved.

. All rights reserved. Client setup for a hypothetical company SAP 5 Server Client 501 Client 502 Client 503 01 Fitter Snacker 01 Fitter Snacker 01 Fitter Snacker 02 Fitter Snacker 02 Fitter Snacker 02 Fitter Snacker 03 Fitter Snacker 03 Fitter Snacker 03 Fitter Snacker 99 Fitter Snacker 99 Fitter Snacker 99 Fitter Snacker 14 © 2008 by SAP AG.

. area ##CR and Currency USD 15 © 2008 by SAP AG. Data Set Number (##)  I am data set number 00. All rights reserved. not you! Enter Cred. Contr.

System landscape for student use 501 502 503 FS Student FS Student FS Student 201 202 203 Config. CATT Test FS Master 16 © 2008 by SAP AG. . All rights reserved.

All rights reserved. you need the proprietary SAP Gui (Graphical User Interface) software loaded on your system and an internet connection Internet Connection Account on PC with SAP Gui SAP R/3 System at hosting site 17 © 2008 by SAP AG. Logging On – SAP GUI  To log on to an R/3 system with the SAP Gui. .

click on New Item 18 © 2008 by SAP AG. you need to tell the SAP Gui which system you want to log into: If you don’t have any systems defined. SAP GUI Configuration  First. . All rights reserved.

All rights reserved. but not always 19 © 2008 by SAP AG. R/3 System Selected SAP Router usually not required System ID Logical name of system System Number Frequently 00. System Definition (provided by UCC) Text description (free) Address of system (e.g. sapd.

All rights reserved. . Configured SAP Gui Select System: double-click or Logon button 20 © 2008 by SAP AG.

All rights reserved. Logging On Enter Client Enter User (R/3 Account) Enter Password (R/3 Account) Don’t worry about language— English will default in 21 © 2008 by SAP AG. .

.edu SAPGUI ..System Number 00 Client Number 225 Student Userids .uwm. SAP User-IDs and Passwords SAPGUI ..Description IS4 -SAP ERP 2005 (6.Application Server sbasap72.System ID IS4 SAPGUI . Will be advised Student Passwords . Will be advised (case sensitive) .sba.0) SAPGUI ..

23 © 2008 by SAP AG.2 On the first time logging in to a new account. . All rights reserved. . .. . you will have to change the password—try To remember your new Password WITHOUT WRITING IT DOWN! Then a message or two Then . Logging On ..

Success !! SAP Easy Access •Master Data Entry •Transaction Data Entry 24 © 2008 by SAP AG. All rights reserved. .

. Implementation Guide (IMG) Where Configuration Takes Place 25 © 2008 by SAP AG. All rights reserved.

Vendors  Transaction Data  Data that is relatively temporary  Stored at various stages of a business process  Customer orders. . purchase orders. Data Types  Master Data  Data that is relatively stable  Materials. All rights reserved. Customers. production orders. customer payments 26 © 2008 by SAP AG.

. Transaction Data Transactions flow down the river of time 27 © 2008 by SAP AG. All rights reserved.