SRE -33S TRANSMITTER

Training on Operation and Maintenance

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TX SPECIFICATIONS
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Frequency Power I/P (Peak) Power O/P (Peak) Pulse Width PRF Spurious VSWR (OP) Sector Blank Tx-Rx Interface Tx-PC Interface Cooling Thermal Load Flow Rate Temp of air at inlet : 2700 MHz ± 2900 MHz : 50 mW : • 9.5 Kw : 10 µsec & 100 µsec : 700 Hz to 1000 Hz : Absent : 1: 1.5 : 180 º (Max.) : RS-422 serial line : RS-232 serial line :Fluid Air :15.3 kW :75 l/m±15 l/m :18° C ± 3 ° C

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BLOCK DIAGRAM OF SRE

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SRE-TRANSMITTER DIRECTIONAL COUPLER RF LOAD TEST JIG LCP AMPLIFIER ASSY DRIVER ASSY 4 .

FRONT VIEW BLOWER ASSY AC DISTRIBUTION BOX RFPS BUS BAR MCA HPAs HPA DRIVER RF DIVIDER RF DRIVER AMPLIFIER ASSY DRIVER ASSY 5 .

ON/OFF switch (CHB) 4. PWR ON indicator (LED) 3. ON/OFF switch (CHA) 2. PWR ON indicator (LED) 5. DS1 indicator (LED) (indicates which CHANNEL is operating) 6 . S33 switch MASTER CLEAR pushbutton SPS PRU IONT MUX IONT PRU SPS 6.MAIN CONTROL ASSY (MCA) 1.

Green light emitting diode When illuminated it indicates that the PRU is operating. ON/OFF Enable/disable processing channel B operations. PWR ON Green light emitting diode Toggle switch 5. 2. 7 . 3.SEMI-OPERATIVE CONTROLS: MAIN CONTROL ASSY (MCA) s/n 1. S33 DS1 5. Master Clear 4. it indicates that the processing channel A is operating. When illuminated. CONTROL/ INDICATOR DESCRIPTION FUNCTION ON/OFF PWR ON Toggle switch Green light emitting diode Toggle switch Enable/disable processing channel A operations. When illuminated. it indicates that the processing channel B is operating.

To exchange serial data with the associated Receiver equipment to provide real time information about the operating status. To provide modular composition of the high power amplifier stage so that to continue normal operation even with a section faulty. To allow corrective maintenance procedures in the high power amplifier stage without interrupting the normal operation (RF output power is reduced but it is not inhibited). To allow full equipment control / monitoring capabilities from a remote site. ‡ ‡ ‡ 8 .PURPOSE OF THE EQUIPMENT ‡ ‡ To amplify the RF power received from REC in the transmission band.

only one takes the equipment control . The power supply circuit includes two power transformers which produce 21 Va. MCA consist of two identical processing channels (A and B). In the event of a HPA failure the equipment continues to function using remaining amplifiers while maintenance can be performed on the faulty module. Contains 8 HPA modules each with power output of 1600 W peak. 9 ‡ ‡ ‡ .other takes the "hot stand-by" role.SALIENT FEATURES ‡ ‡ ‡ The Solid State Transmitter 9. to supply the HPA modules and MCA.5KWp is a S Band High Power transmitter. Each HPA modules has its own self protected power supply section that provides a regulated voltage for the solid state power amplifiers and the BITE.c.

5 kW INTERFACE TO THE LCP J9 J1 3Ø Mains 10 .INTERFACE WITH OTHER SUB-SYSTEMS RF CABLE FROM CP7 OF REC ( 23dBm) J5 TRIGGERS & CONTROLS FROM J4 OF REC J2 & J3 SRE 33S TRANSMITTER RF OUTPUT TO ANTENNA 9.

í RF Driving í RF Power Amplification í RF Power Monitoring í Processing Logic í Transmission Controller í External Interfaces 11 .FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION ‡ EQUIPMENT ARCHITECTURE Composed of seven main areas: í Power Supply and Cooling System.

Tx-Block Diagram 12 .

POWER DISTRIBUTION 13 .

21V-50Hz 3 phase output from T1 is applied to relay box. to blower assys and T1 transformer. Voltage is applied to the primary winding of T2 power transformer which then provides the 21V-50Hz . 14 ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ .three phase supply voltage to all the HPA modules of the equipment.TX-TURN ON MECHANISM ‡ I/P main power supply is routed through breakers CB1 and CB2 located on AC Distribution Panel. +28V PWR ON command from REC energizes relays K1 ÷ K6. AUX PWRON signal sent to Radar Receiver confirming that the transmitter equipment is turned on when CB1 & CB2 ON. through MUX board causes the K1 closure and turns ON CB3 breaker. distributing 3Ø 19V-50Hz and 21V-50 Hz voltages to the SPS Cards. TLRRON signal is activated.

FUNCTIONAL DIAGRAM 40.5kW 20 dBm 15 .3±0.5 dBm 14±1dBm 60 dBm 9.

TX-GENERAL BLOCK DIAGRAM 16 .

RF PATH ‡ Composed of RF Driving.5 kW. This RF level can be adjusted by using the attenuators provided on the RF DRIVER. 17 . ‡ The input RF of 40. RF Power Amplification and RF Power Monitoring.3±0. and sends it to the driver selected. ‡ The RF driver receives 20 dBm signal and attenuates it to 14±1 dBm by variable attenuator (inside RF DRIVER).5 dBm to each HPA is amplified by the individual HPA to 1.4kW each and combined by 8/1 combiner to • 9. ‡ The RF signal to HPA driver is amplified and distributed to all the eight HPAs by 1/8 divider performing the RF driving task.

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-Transmitter Control functional (IONT) :Manages the serial exchange with the HPA modules by means of full-duplex RS-485 data bus 0.PROCESSING LOGIC AND TRANSMISSION CONTROLLER -Processing Logic (PRU):2 independent identical processing channels (A&B) -One channel operative . -External Interfaces (MUX-S): manages external units data exchange with the Processing Logic and links it with the Local Control Panel. -Performs the BITE and status data processing. -Messages and sync signals exchange with the associated Receiver. 19 . monitoring and maintenance purpose (RS-232 Link).other in hot stand-by mode. -Data exchange with the (Local Control Panel) for controls. -Sending of the activation and reset commands to the HPA modules.

LOP indicator (LED) 4. V. VSWR MONITOR (reflected output power) 7. RAD indicator (LED) 3. CANNON interlock 6. MAIN (power supply voltage) 10. V. RF MONITOR (input power) 9. TEMP (test points used to find out internal temperature) 20 . RF MONITOR (output power) 8. POW indicator (LED) 2. RF interlock 5.SEMI-OPERATIVE CONTROLS: HIGH POWERAMPLIFIER (HPA) 1.

21 4. V. Module internal temperature is achieved by measuring voltage level and solving the following algorithm ±° = (Vix100-273). TEMP . MAIN Red/black Terminals Red/black Terminals 6. enables/disables the HPA according to the correct position of J3 mating connector enables/disables the HPA according to the correct position of J1 and J2 mating connector Module input power supply voltage is available across them (+36 V. V. LOP indicate that the HPA module is radiating at low RF power rate.c. RAD indicate that the HPA module is radiating RF power. 3. 2.SEMI-OPERATIVE CONTROLS: HIGH POWER AMPLIFIER (HPA) s/n CONTROL/ INDICATOR POW DESCRIPTION FUNCTION 1.d. Green light emitting diode Green light emitting diode Red light emitting diode RF interlock CANNON interlock indicate presence of three phases input voltage. 5.).

CAPACITOR CIRCUIT SUPPLY PPS. LIU CCS LINE INTERFACE UNIT PPS MPS DRIVER CAPACITORS LIU CIRCULATORS 22 .POWER SUPPLY PROTECTION. CCS.TOP VIEW OF HPA SHOWING VARIOUS SUB ASSEMBLIES ‡ ‡ ‡ INNER VIEW OF HPA IS SHOWN BELOW AFTER REMOVING THE TOP COVER MPS.MAIN POWER SUPPLY.

HPA FUNCTIONAL DIAGRAM VARIOUS STAGES OF RF CONVERSION IN THE HPA 36V AMP 36V 32V 200W AMP CIRCULATORS 15W AMP 50W 32V DOUBLE 200W MODULE / 200W AMP 200W AMP 200W AMP 10 w ATTENUATOR 7-8W AMP 30W AMP 32V 15W AMP 200W AMP O/P 1.6kW 36V CIRCULATORS 23 .6KW 36V 200W AMP 50W DOUBLE MODULE 200W 200W AMP 200W AMP 200W AMP HPA CONVERTS 10W INTO 1.

.LOP (RF o/p power either low or missing).RF amplifier stages control. -consists of MPS section -+36V obtained from rectifier ckts (with i/p 3-# 21 V ac). Status conditions indicated through: -POW (power supply good). -Alarm and status local display. -External bus management.RAD (RF radiation in progress).HPA DESCRIPTION The HPA module is managed by the LIU card. Power Supply Management. -RADIATION inhibited if regulated voltage is out of specifications. 24 . . .used for amplifier stages. It performs the following functions: .Power supply management.

PSYN. EMCON.LIU activates the IRAD signal enabling the input of the RF signal into the amplification chain. ‡ External Bus Management: Links HPAs to Transmission controlller & External Interface. the number of transistors belonging to the final stages which are faulty. -HPA module can also operate with few final transistors operative.HPA DESCRIPTION ‡ Interlock CANNON( safety switch ). ‡ RF Amplifier Stages Control: .XERAD .RS-485 serial channel: CK. ‡ HPA Bus is divided into two parts-Control Signals: BTRIG.RXD 25 .enables i/p supply if properly connected.TXD. -LIU evaluates RF signal level in i/p and according to the current total absorption. -IOTA signal is activated by a thermal sensor if temperature inside the module becomes high. inhibiting Radiation.

Connected to DIRECTIONAL COUPLER (reflected RF power level) 26 . Test point REFLECTED RF power level 5. ON/OFF toggle switch 2. Test point DIRECT RF power level 4. PWR ON indicator (LED) 3.SEMI-OPERATIVE CONTROLS: RF POWER SENSOR (RFPS) 1. Connected to DIRECTIONAL COUPLER (direct RF power level) 6.

Coaxial connector 27 . Coaxial connector 3. Adjusting connector 10.SEMI-OPERATIVE CONTROLS: RF DRIVER 1. Coaxial connector 2. Coaxial connector 5. Adjusting connector 4. Coaxial connector 6. Adjusting connector 7. Coaxial connector 8. Coaxial connector 9.

ATTENUATION. . Selection of 127. This page shows Emission Control status and allows RF radiation control by selecting the power of Long Pulse and/or Short Pulse.The EMCON control page is selected by pressing the relevant pushbutton in the MAIN page.5 dB attenuation corresponds to radiation inhibit. pushbutton is pressed to enable/disable transmission. LONG PULSE. This section shows the transmission power relevant to the short pulse and the attenuation respect to the maximum power. This section shows the transmission power relevant to the long pulse and the attenuation respect to the maximum power. RADIATION. SHORT PULSE. default value is 0 dB (maximum nominal power is selected in all directions).

1 It allows to adjust the RF output level produced by the driver HPA No. 4. AT2 AT3 Screw Screw 5. 2 Receivers RF pre-amplifier signal from the DRIVER HPA No. J7 Coaxial connector . 3. 1 module allows to adjust the RF output level produced by the driver HPA No. 29 J8 J3 AT1 J5 2. Coaxial connector 5. 6. CONTROL/ INDICATOR DESCRIPTION Coaxial connector Coaxial connector Screw FUNCTION Output RF power signal to Amplifier Assy Input RF power signal Allows to adjust the input RF (J3 port) level Receivers RF pre-amplifier signal from the DRIVER HPA No. 2 module.SEMI-OPERATIVE CONTROLS: RF DRIVER s/n 1.

4. 5.TX-LCP MAIN MENU 5 1. 2. Operative mode selection area Functions selection area Malfunction display area Status display area Power status area 4 2 3 30 . 3.

A) Indicates the RF input power from REC (CH. B) indicates the status of the RS422A serial link with the Receiver indicates the status of the Receiver synchronism link (burst trigger and emission control gate) LINK RX A RX B RX LINK RX SYNC MAINT It indicates basic Transmitter functional mode as follows: Green LED on = maintenance mode engaged 31 . Indicates the RF input power from REC (CH. indicates the RF radiation capability: Yellow LED on = radiation in progress link with theTransmitter Processing Logic: ³0´ means no-link between MCA and Local Control Panel.Tx-STATUS INDICATORS Main indicators INDICATORS RAD TIME RAD MEANING Indicates transmitter¶s radiation time.

LOCAL CONTROL PANEL ‡ MCA and DRIVER SELECTION: If only one processing channel is operational OPERATIVE indicates : SINGLE else CHANNEL A or B legend is provided MCA CHANNEL SELECTION DRIVER SELECTION 32 .

MAINTENANCE DRIVING HPAs CABINET DRIVER S STATUS AREA MCA FAULT STATUS AREA RED if Temp > 35 Degrees 33 .

enabling signal for radiation (ERAD signal) .and operation is correct. -RAD ENABLE: specific HPA module the .MAINTENANCE: CABINET 1 ‡ provides detailed status information concerning each HPA module LINK FAIL: error due to data exchange b/w MCA and the specific HPA module -POWER: specific module the enabling signal for MPS(ESUP signal) and operation is correct. specific HPA module is out of order HPA CONTROL (CNT): details about the specific HPA module. 34 . -FAULT.

UNDERVOLTAGE indicate power supply voltage <+32V. MAINTENANCE -DISABLED :active allowing operator to control Power application and Radiation to the Module. 35 . NOTE: MAINTENANCE ENABLED: Power and Mode disabled and inactive.HPA DETAILED STATUS FAULT: indicate +36V power supply faulty. -OVERVOLTAGE: indicates power -Supply voltage>+40V. CONTROL for selecting module radiation as follows: ENABLED :the module able to operate DISABLED: the module unable to operate MAINTENANCE :to activate/deactivate ON-LINEMAINTENANCE on HPA module.

INFO DEGRADED. -2dB and -4dB represent default levels for degraded status and fault status (63% and 40% of available power) 36 . red diode = Transmitter operates with reduced performances.STATUS .

5dBm) 2.SITE REPORT OF FAILED HPAs S / N o .70 5 GHz 2.795 GHz 2.89 5 GH z V.MAIN ON HPA (36V DC ±15%) HPA I/P POWER SUPPL Y (22VAC ±10%) LCP FAULT INDIC A -TION LED INDIC ATION (LOP POW RAD) NO OF DAYS HPA HAS OPERATED IN THE SYSTEM . D A T E FAUL TY HPA S/N SLOT No.3±0. I/P POWER LEVEL (40.

THANK YOU 38 .

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