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SCALDS

By NAINESH .Y .CHANDEGALA
Roll No 17 4th Semester

TO KNOW :  Definition of scalds  Degrees of scalds  Occurence of scalds  Difference between scalds and burns  Medicolegal importance .

WHAT ARE SCALDS : A scald is an injury which results from the application of liquid above 60ºC or from steam . .  Thedestruction does not extend as deeply as in burns.  Water at 70ºC can cause full thickness scalds of the skin in one second of contact .  Scaldsshow soddening and bleaching but do not singe the hair and do not blacken or char the skin.

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DEGREES OF SCALDS :  Erythema by vasoparalysis.  Blisterformation due to increased permeability of the capillaries.  Necrosis of the dermis .

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Splashing of fluid from cooking utensils 4. Bursting of boilers 3. Pulling over saucepans or kettles by children .OCCURENCE OF SCALDS:  Scalds are usually accidental due: 1. Bursting of hot water bottles 2.

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Bursting of boiler .

oil Site At or above the site of At or below the site of contact contact Singeing of hair Present Absent Depth Often deep upto skin Usually depth is less or more Healing Delayed Comparitively early Scar Thick Thin Contracture Comman Not comman .DIFFERENCE BETWEEN SCALDS AND BURNS : TRAITS BURN SCALD Cause Flame. Hot metal Boiling water . milk .

.MEDICOLEGAL IMPORTANCE :  Death by scalds usually occurs from shock.  Murder by scalding is rare. fluid and electrolyte disturbance and secondary infection.  Suicide by scalding is rare.  Boiling water maybe thrown with intent to injure.

THANK YOU!!! .