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You are on page 1of 67

Grades D to A

SUCCESS CRITERIA: WHERE ARE WE NOW?

D2 I can represent inequalities on a number line.

C3 I can solve inequalities with one inequality sign.

C2 I can solve inequalities with two inequality signs.

B2 I can solve harder inequalities with letters on both

sides.

B1 I can shade regions of a graph given the inequalities.

B1 I can describe a region given on a graph using

inequalities.

Solving linear

Inequalities Solving

inequalities with

on a number linear

2 inequality

line inequalities

signs

Hyperlinks!

tougher regions of inequalities

inequalities graphs from regions

Inequalities on a number line

Learning Objective:

Can I represent and read inequalities on

a number line?

Grade D

SUCCESS CRITERIA: WHERE ARE WE NOW?

D2 I can represent inequalities on a number line.

C3 I can solve inequalities with one inequality sign.

C2 I can solve inequalities with two inequality signs.

B2 I can solve harder inequalities with letters on both

sides.

B1 I can shade regions of a graph given the inequalities.

B1 I can describe a region given on a graph using

inequalities.

What are the inequality signs?

There are 4 inequality signs.

> < ≥ ≤

Greater than Less than Greater than Less than or

or equal to equal to

number”.

So 8 > 5 and 2 < 7.

What’s the point of inequality signs?

Some problems don’t have one specific answer.

by using an inequality sign.

number line.

How do the number lines work?

We use two different “dots” to show the specific

number named in the inequality.

● represents ≤ or ≥.

Some examples:

Represent 𝑥 > −1 on the number line.

●

○

-6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Represent these inequalities on a

number line:

1. 𝑥 < 4

2. 𝑥 ≥ 2

3. 𝑥 ≤ −3

●

●

○

-6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

What about this?

Represent −1 < 𝑥 ≤ 3.

Put a dot above each of the numbers.

Join them up with a line.

○ ●

-6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Represent these inequalities on a

number line:

1. 1 < 𝑥 < 4

2. −4 ≤ 𝑥 < 2

● ○

○ ○

-6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

One last thing:

You may be asked to list all the integers that “satisfy

an inequality”.

“Integer” means “whole number”.

For example:

List all integers that satisfy the inequality −3 < 𝑥 ≤

4.

and 4, then include 4 (look at the inequality sign!).

List the integer values that satisfy the

inequalities below:

1. −2 ≤ 𝑥 < 3

-2, -1, 0, 1, 2

2. 1 < 𝑥 ≤ 5

2, 3, 4, 5

SUCCESS CRITERIA: WHERE ARE WE NOW?

D2 I can represent inequalities on a number line.

C3 I can solve inequalities with one inequality sign.

C2 I can solve inequalities with two inequality signs.

B2 I can solve harder inequalities with letters on both

sides.

B1 I can shade regions of a graph given the inequalities.

B1 I can describe a region given on a graph using

inequalities.

Solving linear inequalities

Learning Objective:

Can I solve an inequality?

Grade C

SUCCESS CRITERIA: WHERE ARE WE NOW?

D2 I can represent inequalities on a number line.

C3 I can solve inequalities with one inequality sign.

C2 I can solve inequalities with two inequality signs.

B2 I can solve harder inequalities with letters on both

sides.

B1 I can shade regions of a graph given the inequalities.

B1 I can describe a region given on a graph using

inequalities.

Title: Solving inequalities

Starter:

Write down five possible integer values for the

following inequalities:

1) x>5

2) x < 15

3) 13 < x < 25

4) 9 < x ≤ 15

How do you solve inequalities?

Can you solve this? Solving inequalities is

exactly the same:

2𝑥 + 3 = 11 2𝑥 + 3 < 11

2𝑥 = 8 2𝑥 < 8

𝑥=4 𝑥<4

Try solving these inequalities:

1. 3𝑥 + 2 < 5 𝒙<𝟏

2. 5𝑥 − 4 ≥ 26 𝒙≥𝟔

3. 4𝑥 + 7 > 35 𝒙>𝟕

4. 7 < 2𝑥 − 5 𝟔<𝒙

or

𝒙>𝟔

Be careful with negatives!

When you multiply or divide an inequality by a

negative number, the inequality sign swaps

around.

it makes no difference.

Main

Challenge

For example: solve 𝟏𝟑 − 𝟑𝒙 > 𝟕

Method 1 Method 2

13 − 3𝑥 > 7 13 − 3𝑥 > 7

[add 3𝑥]

[subtract 13] 13 > 7 + 3𝑥

[subtract 7]

−3𝑥 > −6 6 > 3𝑥

[divide by 3]

[divide by -3] 2>𝑥

which can be written:

𝑥<2 𝑥<2

Have a go at solving these:

1. 21 − 8𝑥 ≥ 13

𝒙≤𝟏

2. 5 − 4𝑥 < 13

𝒙 > −𝟐

SUCCESS CRITERIA: WHERE ARE WE NOW?

D2 I can represent inequalities on a number line.

C3 I can solve inequalities with one inequality sign.

C2 I can solve inequalities with two inequality signs.

B2 I can solve harder inequalities with letters on both

sides.

B1 I can shade regions of a graph given the inequalities.

B1 I can describe a region given on a graph using

inequalities.

Solving with two inequality

signs

Learning Objective:

Can I solve an inequality that contains

two inequality signs?

Grade C

SUCCESS CRITERIA: WHERE ARE WE NOW?

D2 I can represent inequalities on a number line.

C3 I can solve inequalities with one inequality sign.

C2 I can solve inequalities with two inequality signs.

B2 I can solve harder inequalities with letters on both

sides.

B1 I can shade regions of a graph given the inequalities.

B1 I can describe a region given on a graph using

inequalities.

Two inequality signs? How on earth…?

This looks horrible, but really isn’t – honestly!

you have done before.

end.

An example:

Solve 5 < 2𝑥 − 1 < 13 .

6 < 2𝑥 2𝑥 < 14

3<𝑥 𝑥<7

3<𝑥<7

Solve these inequalities and write all

the integer values that satisfy them:

1. 8 ≤ 3𝑥 + 2 < 23

𝟐≤𝒙<𝟕

Integer values: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

2. −5 < 4𝑥 + 3 ≤ 19

−𝟐 ≤ 𝒙 < 𝟒

Integer values: -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3

SUCCESS CRITERIA: WHERE ARE WE NOW?

D2 I can represent inequalities on a number line.

C3 I can solve inequalities with one inequality sign.

C2 I can solve inequalities with two inequality signs.

B2 I can solve harder inequalities with letters on both

sides.

B1 I can shade regions of a graph given the inequalities.

B1 I can describe a region given on a graph using

inequalities.

Solving inequalities with letters

on both sides

Learning Objective:

Can I solve inequalities with letters on

both sides?

Grade B

SUCCESS CRITERIA: WHERE ARE WE NOW?

D2 I can represent inequalities on a number line.

C3 I can solve inequalities with one inequality sign.

C2 I can solve inequalities with two inequality signs.

B2 I can solve harder inequalities with letters on both

sides.

B1 I can shade regions of a graph given the inequalities.

B1 I can describe a region given on a graph using

inequalities.

What do you mean?

This is where the letter appears on both sides of

the inequality sign.

before.

sign.

An example:

Solve 5𝑥 − 3 > 3𝑥 + 5

Get the letter

onto one side [subtract 3𝑥]

Get the

2𝑥 − 3 > 5

numbers on [Add 3]

the other side

2𝑥 > 8

Find the value

of 𝑥

[Divide by 2]

Answer:

𝒙>𝟒

Another example:

Solve 7 − 2𝑥 > 3𝑥 − 8

Get the letter

onto one side [add 2𝑥]

Get the

7 > 5𝑥 − 8

numbers on [Add 8]

the other side

15 > 5𝑥

Find the value

of 𝑥

[Divide by 5]

Answer:

𝟑 > 𝒙 or 𝒙 < 𝟑

Solve these inequalities:

1. 7𝑥 + 3 ≥ 3𝑥 + 11

𝒙≥𝟐

2. 𝑥 − 7 < 4𝑥 + 2

𝒙 > −𝟑

SUCCESS CRITERIA: WHERE ARE WE NOW?

D2 I can represent inequalities on a number line.

C3 I can solve inequalities with one inequality sign.

C2 I can solve inequalities with two inequality signs.

B2 I can solve harder inequalities with letters on both

sides.

B1 I can shade regions of a graph given the inequalities.

B1 I can describe a region given on a graph using

inequalities.

Shading regions

Learning Objective:

Can I shade the correct region of a

graph given an inequality?

Grade B

SUCCESS CRITERIA: WHERE ARE WE NOW?

D2 I can represent inequalities on a number line.

C3 I can solve inequalities with one inequality sign.

C2 I can solve inequalities with two inequality signs.

B2 I can solve harder inequalities with letters on both

sides.

B1 I can shade regions of a graph given the inequalities.

B1 I can describe a region given on a graph using

inequalities.

What does this involve?

You will need to know how you plot linear

graphs in the forms:

𝑦 = 𝑚𝑥 + 𝑐

𝑎𝑥 + 𝑏𝑦 = 𝑛

upon the inequality sign.

deal with!

One more thing:

The lines are different depending upon the

inequality sign.

Quick reminder:

𝑥 = a number is a vertical line.

𝑦 = a number is a horizontal line.

𝒙 = −𝟑

𝒚=𝟐

How do the inequality signs work?

The “equals” sign is replaced by an inequality

sign.

Shade the region represented by 𝒙 ≥ −𝟑

Draw the 𝒙 = −𝟑

graph

Solid line

because it is

equal to

Shade the values that are bigger than 3 or “above the line”

Shade the region represented by 𝒚 < 𝟐

Draw the

graph Dotted line

because it’s

𝒚=𝟐 not equal to

Shade the values that are less than 2 or “below the line”

Can you shade the regions given by

these inequalities?

1. 𝑦 ≥ −1

2. 𝑥 < −3

𝒙 = −𝟑

𝒚 = −𝟏

Two to watch out for:

Shade the region satisfied Shade the region satisfied

by −3 < 𝑥 ≤ 1. by −1 ≥ 𝑦 > 2.

A reminder of plotting lines from

their equations:

It is the general equation for a straight line.

𝑦 = 𝑚𝑥 + 𝑐

cuts the 𝑦-axis

An example – plot 𝒚 = 𝒙 + 𝟐:

The 𝑦 − 𝑖𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑐𝑒𝑝𝑡:

The line cuts the 𝑦-axis

1 at (0,2).

1

The gradient is 1:

𝑅𝑖𝑠𝑒 1

Gradient = = =1

𝑅𝑢𝑛 1

Another example – plot 𝒚 = 𝟐𝒙 − 𝟑:

The 𝑦 − 𝑖𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑐𝑒𝑝𝑡:

The line cuts the 𝑦-axis

at (0,-3).

𝑅𝑖𝑠𝑒 2

Gradient = = =2

2 𝑅𝑢𝑛 1

Example:

Shade the region given by 𝒚 ≥ 𝒙 + 𝟐:

Draw the

line

Shade above

the line

Another example:

Shade the region given by 𝒚 < 𝟐𝒙 − 𝟑:

Draw the

line

Shade below

the line

Try shading these regions:

1. 𝑦 ≤ 2𝑥 + 1

2. 𝑦 > 5 − 𝑥

Graphs in the form 𝒂𝒙 + 𝒃𝒚 = 𝒏

These you plot by covering the 𝑥 and the 𝑦 to

find two co-ordinates that you join up.

When 𝑥 = 0, When 𝑦 = 0,

then y = 2 Eg. 2𝑥 + 3𝑦 = 6 then 𝑥 = 3

(3,0)

(0,2)

More than one inequality:

Shade the region that satisfies these inequalities:

𝑥≥0 Above

Where to

𝑦 > −1 Above

shade?

Draw the

𝑥 + 2𝑦 ≤ 4 Below

lines

Shade the

region

Try this:

Shade the region that satisfies these inequalities:

𝑥 > −2

𝑦≥0

3𝑥 + 𝑦 < 3

SUCCESS CRITERIA: WHERE ARE WE NOW?

D2 I can represent inequalities on a number line.

C3 I can solve inequalities with one inequality sign.

C2 I can solve inequalities with two inequality signs.

B2 I can solve harder inequalities with letters on both

sides.

B1 I can shade regions of a graph given the inequalities.

B1 I can describe a region given on a graph using

inequalities.

Describing regions

Learning Objective:

Can I describe regions of graphs using

inequalities?

Grade B

SUCCESS CRITERIA: WHERE ARE WE NOW?

D2 I can represent inequalities on a number line.

C3 I can solve inequalities with one inequality sign.

C2 I can solve inequalities with two inequality signs.

B2 I can solve harder inequalities with letters on both

sides.

B1 I can shade regions of a graph given the inequalities.

B1 I can describe a region given on a graph using

inequalities.

What is this?

This is just the opposite of drawing the graphs and

shading regions.

inequality sign.

Shading below the line: < or ≤

Two examples

Example 1 Example 2

represented by the inequality represented by the inequality

𝑥<1 𝑦 ≥ 2𝑥 − 1

Two for you:

Question 1 Question 2

represented by the inequality represented by the inequality

𝑦 ≥ −2 𝑦 <𝑥+1

More than one line:

The number of inequalities you have to give is

the same as the number of lines drawn.

correct inequalities to get all the marks.

One example:

Write the inequalities satisfied by the shaded

region below.

𝒚≥𝟎

𝒚 < 𝟐𝒙 + 𝟒

𝒙≤𝟎

You try this one:

Write the inequalities satisfied by the shaded

region below.

𝒙<𝟒

𝒚 < 𝟐𝒙 + 𝟒

𝒚 ≥ −𝟐

SUCCESS CRITERIA: WHERE ARE WE NOW?

D2 I can represent inequalities on a number line.

C3 I can solve inequalities with one inequality sign.

C2 I can solve inequalities with two inequality signs.

B2 I can solve harder inequalities with letters on both

sides.

B1 I can shade regions of a graph given the inequalities.

B1 I can describe a region given on a graph using

inequalities.

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