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. These numbers of functions are called entries or elements of the matrix.MATRICES Definition : A matrix is a rectangular array of numbers of functions enclosed in brackets.

GENERAL NOTATION OF A MATRIX A = [ ajk] = A matrix is always denoted by capital letter .

..If the matrix is not a square matrix then it is called a rectangular matrix.. . For example A= RECTANGULAR MATRIX:.If the number of rows of a matrix is equal to number of columns then such a matrix is known as a square matrix.TYPES OF MATRICES SQUARE MATRIX:.... For example A = Continue....

e. . Any entries above or below the main diagonal must be zero. DIAGONAL MATRIX:.In the diagonal matrix all the elements are equal to unity. A= IDENTITY MATRIX:. I = Continue«««.A square matrix in which all the elements on the main diagonal are non-zero. e.g. It is denoted by I.g.

i.If the value of the determinant of the matrix is zero then it is called singular matrix. |A| = 0. SINGULAR MATRIX:. and so on. . the second row as its second column.e. It is denoted by A¶ or AT Continue«««. TRANSPOSITION OF MATRIX: In m x n matrix first row of a matrix as its first column.

If the transpose of a matrix is equal to the minus of given matrix then it is called skew-symmetric matrix.e.e. AT = A SKEW-SYMMETRIC MATRIX:. i. AT = . i.A .If the transpose of a matrix is equal to the given matrix then it is called symmetric matrix. SYMMETRIC MATRIX:.

is then obtained by adding the corresponding elements. written as cA. their sum written A+B. . is the m x n matrix cA obtained by multiplying each element in A by c. SCALR MULTIPLICTION:. Number of columns of A = Number of rows of B.The product of any m x n matrix A and any scalar c.The product C = AB of an m x n matrix A and r x p matrix is defined if and only if r = n.s MATRIX MULTIPLICATION:.General concepts MATRIX ADDITON:.Addition is defined only for matrices A and B of the same size. that is.

APPLICATION OF MATRICES We can solve the system of liner equations using matrix method. By finding the rank of matrix we can talk about the existence of the solution of the system .

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