A CASE STUDY ON: Crime that pays (and pretty well, too)

 To profile the idea of intellectual property and the basis of concern and controversy. .  To understand how different political and legal systems affect the conduct of business.OBJECTIVE OF THE CASE  To examine the major legal issues facing international business companies.

LETS GO THROUGH THE CASE ‡ Software technology is plagued by the problem of digital piracy the illegal copying and/or distribution of software for personal or business use ‡ Presently software piracy ranges from a single individual s making an unauthorized copy of a software product for use. sale. or free distribution to a company s mismanagement of its software license .

Internet piracy. . counterfeiting. pre-installed software.‡ Principal types of piracy include: end-user piracy. and online auction piracy.




‡ coordinated anti-piracy initiatives such as high-profile legal proceedings against companies using illegal software. . the standards of software piracy are unequivocal. Thus. institutions. increased government cooperation in providing legal protection for intellectual property. organizations. parties have been hopeful that collective political arrangements and legal actions by companies. and companies in developing legal codes to combat software piracy? ‡ Technically.What is the relationship among the various governments. and institutions would lead to a decline in global software piracy. governments. and the criminalization of software piracy have proven to be largely ineffective. associaqtions.

‡ Unfortunately. standards have not yielded the desired results. not local. and distributed continues to baffle the industry. the ease with which software can be duplicated. .‡ Even efforts at the transnational level to get nations to sign treaties and to require them to protect and enforce intellectual property rights according to global. sold.

technological. home governments. and transnational institutions should all take lead roles in negotiating with the governments of countries with high piracy rates. they should all step forward. software companies. and it is very important to make the point that all of the parties are highly vested in the issue therefore. and political implications of the problem. .should software companies. industry associations. ‡ Each of those parties has related but slightly different arguments to put forth. industry associations. home governments. or transnational institutions take the lead in aggressively negotiating with the governments of countries with high piracy rates? Why? ‡ Because of the enormous economic.

‡ Those parties who have the most to offer those governments will be in a position to make their arguments most persuasively. . ‡ Thus. efforts of all the stakeholders in the issue should be thoughtfully coordinated. different parties will have stronger or weaker relationships with the governments of high piracy nations.‡ Further.

‡ Given the value of the products involved. the temptation for counterfeiters to continue their activities is irresistible . the industry s best efforts have been unsuccessful.Can the software industry expect to contain and control software piracy without eventually relying on governments to take a more active role? Why would the software industry dislike greater government regulation? ‡ If the software industry could successfully develop technical and business measures to thwart counterfeiters. government intervention would be unnecessary. and the relative ease with which counterfeiting occurs on a worldwide basis. ‡ Thus far. the global appeal of pirated software.

regulation tends to lag well behind technological developments and market realities. . the software industry could presumably object to greater government regulation. ‡ while innovation moves at lightning speed.‡ In spite of the need for assistance and cooperation from all stakeholders.

.How do u think consumers in high theft countries use to justify software piracy? Similarly. what ideas or conditions lead consumers in lower theft countries to respect IPRs? ‡ Consumers in high theft countries tend to share a collectivist mindset. they see property as being common to all and existing for the benefit of all often they do not understand the basic concept of intellectual property rights. ‡ As with many other products. consumers in lower theft countries tend to share an individualist mindset. they want to acquire them at the lowest possible cost. the concept of intellectual property rights is well understood and long established within their countries and cultures. ‡ On the other hand.

royalties and profits are seen as the just fruits of creativity and investment. .‡ IPRs are seen to be a necessity for economic development and growth.

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