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Historical Development of tourism during world wars
Marvin Michael Santiano Jou Leo Espineli Rosemarie Lustresano Gianpaolo Alfredo Patelo Michelle Arias Anthony Castillo
WORLD WAR I
y Lasted from 1914 to 1918 y also known as THE GREAT WAR and THE WAR TO END ALL
WARS y began as a local European conflict between Austria-Hungary and Serbia. y More than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, were mobilized in one of the largest wars in history. y More than 15 million people were killed, making it also the second deadliest conflict in history.
CENTRAL POWERS Germany Austria-Hungary Ottoman Empire Bulgaria
ALLIES AND ASSOCIATED POWERS Serbia Russia France Britain Belgium Romania US The British Commonwealth countries: Australia, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa, India, etc. Italy
TOP 5 CAUSES OF THE WAR:
y Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand (June 28, 1914)
- Gavrilo Princip
y Mutual Defense Alliance
y Russia and Serbia y Germany and Austria-
Hungary y France and Russia y Britain and France and Belgium y Japan and Britain
y Imperialism y Nationalism y Militarism
y May 7, 1915
y November 11, 1918
Wearing a Red Poppy signifies our respect and shows that we have not forgotten those who give their lives.
- ALAN GRIFFIN (Minister of Veterans¶ Affairs)
y primarily fought between two large alliances: the Axis y y y
Powers and the Allies global military conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945 most widespread war in history with more than 100 million military personnel mobilized Marked by significant action against civilians, including the Holocaust and the only use of nuclear weapons in warfare deadliest conflict in human history resulted in fifty million to over seventy million fatalities
The Axis Powers
y group of countries that is led by Nazi Germany and the
empire of Japan y considered the aggressors
Countries involved in Axis Powers:
y Germany y Slovakia
September 27, 1940
group of countries led by Great Britain who entered the war first were one of the two diplomatic and military blocs of nations which fought the greatest conflict of the 20th century 51 countries were involved
Countries involved in the Allies
Argentine Republic Commonwealth of Australia Kingdom of Belgium Republic of Bolivia Republic of the United States of Brazil Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic Dominion of Canada Republic of Chile Republic of China Republic of Costa Rica Republic of Cuba Czechoslovak Republic Kingdom of Denmark Dominican Republic Republic of Ecuador Kingdom of Egypt Republic of El Salvador Imperial State of Ethiopia
y Kingdom of Greece y Republic of Guatemala y Republic of Haiti y Republic of Honduras y Indian Empire y Imperial Kingdom of Iran y Kingdom of Iraq y Lebanese Republic y Republic of Liberia y Grand Duchy of Luxembourg y United Mexican States y Kingdom of the Netherlands
Republic of Panama Dominion of New Zealand Republic of Nicaragua Kingdom of Norway Republic of Paraguay Republic of Peru Commonwealth of the Philippines Republic of Poland Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Union of South Africa Republic of Syria Republic of Turkey
Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic Union of Soviet Socialist Republics United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United States of America Oriental Republic of Uruguay United States of Venezuela Democratic Federal Yugoslavia Republic of Colombia French Republic
y the leading international
organization in the field of travel and tourism. y serves as a global forum for tourism policy issues and a practical source of tourism know-how. y headquarters in Madrid, Spain y includes 139 countries
y plays a role in promoting the development of
responsible, sustainable and universally accessible tourism, paying particular attention to the interests of developing countries. y encourages the implementation of the Global Code of Ethics for Tourism y significant global body, concerned with the collection and collation of statistical information on international tourism.
y Dangerous y People only travel during the battles y To escape from their enemies y Night travel
y Battles y Colonization or Imperialism y Transporting the prisoners
* Political leaders travel to different places during war. They may travel to another country to gain alliances. They also may travel to opposing country to make peace and sign treaties. Leaders may also send people to different places for a mission thus, making those people travel to many places.*
y Tourism stopped during WWII due to the fact that half of
the world was fighting the other half and it was a dangerous place
y Since the Second World War the Travel and Tourism
Industry has developed. There are factors that have led to the growth of the Travel and Tourism Industry
* Increase in Car Ownership * Increase in Leisure time * More disposable income and paid holiday * Jet Aircrafts Developed * Computerized Reservation Systems * Introduction of holiday camps * Low Cost Airlines * Long Haul Destinations * Package holidays When the war ended, the battlefields, and camps turned to be our historic sites on the present day.
Contributions of the World War to the development
Battle fields become historical landmarks BELGIUM
became known in the years following World War I to mean the hundreds of thousands of dead left behind in the grassy plains of Westhoek region of central Belgium.
The Killing fields
Fifteen kilometers from the centre of Phnom Penh is the Choeung Ek extermination centre, the final destination of some 20,000 adults and children who had been imprisoned and interrogated. Of the 14,000 people known to have entered, only seven survived.
War Tourism started
-is also called Dark Tourism or Trouble Tourism. -for people who have a curious fascination for war and war zones.
-seek thrills in dangerous and forbidden places. - one can even live out the experiences of a war by trying out some of the arms and ammunition that were used at the time of the war.
-going to this museums are also a good way of recounting history and tourists find the experience exciting, informative and sometimes even exhilarating as they go through the prisons, tunnels, shelters, photos and paintings of torture and other war crimes, army ammunitions or army quarters.
Also called "Shrine of Valor". A Shrine that is built in memory of the soldiers who gave their lives defending the country against the Japanese in World War II. Located atop Mt. Samat in Pilar town. It also immortalize the agony of Filipino and American soldiers who died in the infamous death march.
It portrays the architectural and cultural heritage of our ancestors in the Spanish period. The church is 414-yearsold was built in 1587 and influence by Spanish style architecture. The church was the living witness to the massacre of native defenders from the Dutch invaders on June 16, 1647.
Located in Bagac. The tower is the symbol of a reconciliation, peace and friendship between Philippines and Japan after the World War II.
This island fortress stands as a monument to the courage, valor, and heroism of Filipino and American defenders who valiantly held their ground against the great number of invading Japanese forces during World War II. Also known as the Rock, it was a key bastion of the Allies during the Second World War. When the Japanese invaded the Philippines in December 1941, the military force under the command of Gen. Douglas MacArthur carried out a delaying action at Bataan. Corregidor became the headquarters of the Allied forces and the seat of the Philippine Commonwealth government.
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