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O ided by Presented By
Er. Sanjeet K mar S b dhi Sasmita Dhal
Reg. No.: 0701219041
7th Semester
Branch : Electrical and Electronics

1. Introduction
2. Need of MHDs
3. Principle Of MHD Power Generation
4. Types of MHD SYSTEM
5. Open Cycle MHD System
6. Closed Cycle MHD System
7. Diffrence between Open Cycle and
Closed Cycle MHD System
8. Advantages OF MHD System
9. Disadvantages of MHD System
10. Applications
11. Conclusion





§      a a
At present a plenty of energy is needed to
sustain industrial and agricultural production,
and the existing conventional energy sources
like coal, oil, uranium etc are not adequate to
meet the ever increasing energy demands.
Consequently, efforts have been made for
harnessing energy from several non-
conventional energy sources like  
         þ When
an electric conductor moves across a magnetic field, an emf is
induced in it, which produces an electric current .
p %   on the
charged particle (vector),
 & '! (
 & '! ( )"
  v = velocity of the particle
  q= charge of the particle
  B = magnetic field (vector)
#, ?+?p,  +*,
+)-a  *, -*
#, ?+?p,
?p#, ?+?p, 
a,-, ?, ),*.,, #,
?+?p,   ?p#, ?+?p,
 ?  ?  ? 
  Working fluid after generating   Working fluid is recycled to the
electrical energy is discharged heat sources and thus is used
to the atmosphere through a again.
stack .
  Operation of MHD generator is   Helium or argon(with cesium
done directly on combustion seeding) is used as the working
products . fluid.
  Temperature requirement þ   Temperature requirement þ about
2300ÛC to 2700ÛC. 530ÛC.
  More developed.   Less developed.
,, #-  -*,-
å The MHD channel operates on extreme conditions of
temperature, magnetic and electric fields .
å So, numerous technological advancements are needed
prior to commercialization of MHD systems .
å Search is on for better insulator and electrode
materials which can with stand the electrical, thermal,
mechanical and thermo-
thermo-chemical stresses and
/ *$, #
  Conversion efficiency of about 50% .
  Less fuel consumption.
  Large amount of pollution free power generated .
  Ability to reach full power level as soon as started.
  Plant size is considerably smaller than
conventional fossil fuel plants .
  Less overall generation cost.
  No moving parts, so more reliable .
a/ *$, #
  Suffers from reverse flow (short circuits) of
electrons through the conducting fluids around the
ends of the magnetic field.
  Needs very large magnets and this is a major
  High friction and heat transfer losses.
  High operating temperature.
  Coal used as fuel poses problem of molten ash
which may short circuit the electrodes. Hence, oil
or natural gas are much better fuels for MHDs.
Restriction on use of fuel makes the operation
more expensive.
  Power generation in space craft.

  Hypersonic wind tunnel experiments.

  Defense application.
?# ?p a#
The MHD power generation is in advanced stage today
and closer to commercial utilization. Significant progress
has been made in development of all critical components
and sub system technologies. Coal burning MHD
combined steam power plant promises significant
economic and environmental advantages compared to
other coal burning power generation technologies. It will
not be long before the technological problem of MHD
systems will be overcame and MHD system would
transform itself from non-
non- conventional to conventional
energy sources.
-,,-, ?,
1) Non-
Non-Conventional energy source
By G.D. Rai
2) Electrical Power System
By Dr. Inamdar
3) Generation Distribution & Utilization of Electrical Energy.
By C.L.Wadhwa
4) A Textbook of Power System Engineering
By R.K. Rajput

* 0 +# 11