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# Department of Technical Education

Name of the Staff member :P. Suryanarayana Reddy
Designation : HCES
Branch : Civil Engineering
Institute : Govt Polytechnic Anantapur
Semester : VI Semester
Subject : Maintenance of Buildings
Subject Code : C 606C
Topic : Maintenance Problems in
Buildings and their
solutions
Duration : 50 minutes
Sub topic : Investigation of cracks in wall
Teaching Aids : PPT, Animations and Sketches
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Objectives

to understand

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Recap

• Crack nature

## • Few diagrams showing cracks

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Investigation of Cracks in Walls

different

## • It is not true always

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Investigation of Cracks in Walls (contd..)

## • It is seldom possible to reconnect the masonry in a

permanent manner as in welding of metal

some time

## • Every crack is an indication that the building is

becoming unsafe

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Investigation of Cracks in Walls (contd..)

of a crack

## • Even if crack is large

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Investigation of Cracks in Walls (contd..)

## Following information is required to diagnosis of cracks :

• Direction

• Extent

• Width

• Depth

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(contd..)

• Alignment

• Sharpness of edges

• Cleanliness

• General

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Direction of Crack :

## • The crack may be Vertical, horizontal, diagonal, coupled

with whether the crack is straight, toothed, variable
and irregular

## • The material through which the crack passes should be

recorded

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Extent of crack :

openings

## • It should be observed whether crack passes through

DPC or to the vicinity of ground

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Width of crack :

## • If it changes in width, transducers can be used for more

continuous measurements

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Depth of crack :

## • It should be observed how many of the materials

comprising the wall have been cracked

## • The crack in a painted plastered wall may be confined to

the paint film, may pass into the plaster, may pass on
into the wall or may pass right through it

## • A piece of wire can be useful for probing depth of wall

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Alignment of crack :

sides of cracks

## • This can be done by feeling with the finger tip passing it

across the crack

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Alignment of crack (contd..)

## diagonal pull as with a shear action

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Sharpness of Edges :

## • Most cracks have sharp edges

• Some edges are roughened or rounded indicate due to
compressive forces or vibrations
• Badly broken edges will often be indicative of initial
compressive forces

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Cleanliness :

## • Examine for brightness of crack or presence of dirt or

presence of decorative material inside

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General :

immediately

## • Crack may be static or may be active/developing

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General (contd..)

materials

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Summary

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Quiz

## 1) If the crack has been produced by a straight pull,

which is the force responsible?

A) Compressive force

B) Tensile force

C) Shear force

## D) None of the above

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2) If the crack has been produced by a diagonal pull, which
is the force responsible?

A)Compressive force

B)Tensile force

C)Shear force

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