You are on page 1of 13

m   

.

?   .

  .

 .

.

 .

.

.

       .

.

    .

 .

 .

  .

 ?    .

   .

 .

 ?   .

.

   .

  .

.

      .

 .

   .

?  .

   .

    .

 !"#   .

˜ ? .

   .

.

 .

.

    .

 .

  $.

 .

   .

 .

 .

   .

 .

 .

  .

 .

  .

.

 .

     .

    .

  .

.

  .

  .

   .

  .

ë    .

directing and controlling are designed to attain goals set under planning. it contributes to some positive way to the achievement of desired goal.staffing. Planning precedes the execution of all other functions.   .   : It is a mean towards accomplishment of objectives. : All other functions like organizing . rather than guess.     : Planning involves anticipating the future course of action     : It is a mental exercise of thinking before doing and acting in the light of facts.

: Development of new products .   .launching of new improved methods of production etc are the results of continuous planning. thus planning should be creative.

! Planning is flexible as commitment is based on future conditions which are always dynamic. .

 .r.

e it must be capable of implementation not being over-ambitious or impractical.i. 9.  : Required at all levels like at strategic planning at top level. 8.: Planning must be actionable. . tactical planning at middle and operational planning at lower level.

"! Planning involves choosing among alternative course of action. 11. 10.: Planning should keeps on changing depending on the changing environment. # . if there is only one way of doing something there is no need of planning.

: It must be simple enough so that it can be understandable specially to the lower level workers. $ . 12.

Every lower level plans serve as a means towards the end of higher plans. :It must be ensure that the benefits of planning must be more than the cost involved. "     . 14. 13.   : Planning is a structured process and different plans constitute a hierarchy.

.: Planning has no relevance if it does not facilitate the achievement of objectives economically and effciently.

˜ ?     .

 .

      .

   .

  .

   %     .

  .

.

.

   .

    $.

.

      .

 .

   .

   .

.

  .

.

      .

 .

    .

 ˜ &    .

 .

   ' .

ë %.

 ' ( m.

.

 .

 ) *.

 .

    + # .

  .

 .

 .  .

  .

   .

 .

 - m .

   .

 .

 .

 / . .

  0  .

.

  .

  1 2  .

  ë  3.

 .

.

    .

V     .

.

 .

.

 .

     .

   .

     .

.

  4 .

5 .

.

 .

 .

5.

 .

 .

    5.

 .

  .

   6.

   5.

.

.

  .

 .

.

 .

           ! .

.

  .

7 .

7  !  .

       .

  .

    .

 #   .

 .

.

 .

 '   .

 m  .

 8    .

.

 %  .

5 .

 .

     .

 .

 m .

.

   % /.

     .

6  .

  .

     & .

   9      .

.

 .

 #   .

 .

.

 .

*6.

 .

   .

.

ë /     ( ! .

    ) m.

.

 ?   - 3  . ?   0 % . + ?  .

 .

?   /  ! .

 m.

.

 ?   / ?    ?  :/ /  m  .

 % .

.     ?   .

ë % & : Managerial Planning seeks to achieve consistent coordinated structure of operations focused on desired ends.    .

  !Other functions like organising.directing and controlling are performed to achieve the objectives set by planning process.staffing.  ' .

 !lanning helps the org to predict future events and also identify potential threats and opportunities and also make due provision for them.     !Planning bridges the gap between where we are and where we want to go? It directs human efforts into endeavors that contribute to the accomplishment of goals.  $  .  (   ! A good plan helps in making huge profit for the organization.

.!Planning is forward looking and it enables the enterprise to cope with changes and it also monitors the enviornment for new ideas and developments.

Well-established plans serve as a guides to subordinates and reduce the risk involved in delegation of authority. In the absence of plans .   . ë. * + !Planned targets serve as a criteria for the evaluation of different alternatives so that the best course of action may be chosen. The activities of various departments can be harmonized with the help of overall plan.     -!Planning helps in the delegation of authority to lower levels of management.there is no sound basis for making future ±oriented decisions. .r )  !mound planning is forward looking and it enables an enterprise to cope with technological changes and other developments.

.  ! Planning helps to reduce cost and to increase economy by facilitating optimum utilization of resources. A good plan not only optimizes productivity but provides satisfaction to those implementing it. ë (   "!Effective planning may increase the competitive strength of the enterprise as planning may suggest new product launching ideas and timely expansion of the scale of operation. ëë  ! Control cannot be exercised without plans because function of control is to ensure that the activities confirm to the plans.