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NAMES AND FUNCTIONS OF

ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY
LABORATORY EQUIPMENT

AUTHOR
 Denti Suastika Sari ( 15030194020 )
 Innafa Respati Ningrum ( 15030194028 )
 Maria Fransiska M.S.O ( 15030194049)
 Nahdiah Indah Cahyani ( 15030194076)
 Puji Rahayu ( 15030194093)

or as a cover for a beaker . the function is to hold solids while being weighed. It can hold a small amount of liquid or solid. WATCH GLASSES / KACA ARLOJI A watch glass is just a round piece of glass that is slightly concave/convex (think of a lens). They can be used for evaporation purposes and also can function as a lid for a beaker.

FUNNELS / CORONG A lab funnel is just like any other funnel except that it was designed to be used in a laboratory setting. depending on what they are needed for. There are several sizes that can be chosen from based on the amount of liquid that needs to go through them quickly. for pouring liquid or other substance through a small opening . They can be made of plastic or glass and can have either a short stem or a long stem.

TEST TUBE / TABUNG REAKSI A test tube is a glass tube with one end open and the other end closed. Test tubes are used to hold small samples. The closed end is rounded. A common place to see these is the biochemistry lab. When a large number of samples need to be tested and compared. open tube used to hold liquids . test tubes are used to make this easier. They are primarily used for qualitative assessment and comparison. They are also easily capped with a rubber or glass stopper.

There is a knob to adjust the amount of gas flow and a rotating collar that controls airflow. Utmost safety is required when using a Bunsen burner. The burner is lit with a striker. used to heat substances . BUNSEN BURNER / PEMBAKAR BUNSEN A Bunsen burner is a mechanical apparatus that is connected to a flammable gas source. These both must be adjusted to get an ideal flame for heating purposes.

Used primarily in laboratories for the culture of bacteria and other microorganisms on specially prepared media. PETRI DISH / CAWAN PETRI Petri dish is a shallow glass or plastic flat bottomed dish with a lid. . It was named after the German bacteriologist Julius Richard Petri (1852-1921) who invented it in 1877.

which make them ideal for use with a wide range of compound. SPATULA / SPATULA In laboratories. used for scraping. . Many spatula brands are also resistant to acids. spatulas and microspatulas are small stainless steel utensils. bases. and most solvents. A common type would be stainless steel spatulas. acids. and solvents. or applying powders and paste like chemicals or treatments. bases. heat. which are widely used because they are sturdy and affordable. They are resistant to deterioration from contact with boiling water. transferring.

. STAND / STATIF A retort stand. and iltering. sometimes called a ring stand. is a piece of scientific equipment. . to which clamps can be attached to hold test tubes and other equipment such as burettes which are most often used in titration experimen It is used for carrying out distillation experiments which includes distillation of acids.

This works well to protect the sep funnel. Always find a ring that does not have tape/tubing on it to use as a support for heating mantles . or supporting a glass funnel in gravity filtration. They come in several sizes and have a multitude of uses: holding a separatory funnel during an extraction. support for a heating mantle. however. the tape/tubing can get so hot from the heating mantle that it can catch on fire. RING CLAMPS / KLEM Ring clamps connect to a ring stand. if the ring is later used as support for a heating mantle.

BURETTE / BURET A burette (also buret) is a device used in analytical chemistry for the dispensing of variable.A weight burette delivers measured weights of liquid. Piston burettes may be manually operated or may be motorized. A volumetric burette delivers measured volumes of liquid. but with precision bore and plunger. Piston burettes are similar to syringes. . measured amounts of a chemical solution.

allows a smooth turbulence-free airflow that prevents balance fluctuation and the measure of mass down to 1 μg without fluctuations or loss of product . ANALYTICAL BALANCE / NERACA ANALITIK An analytical balance (often called a "lab balance") is a class of balance designed to measure small mass in the sub-milligram range. The use of a mechanically vented balance safety enclosure. which has uniquely designed acrylic airfoils.

This rack measuring 20x10 cm. In most side there are six logs thats served as a test tube does not sli when put on the shelf For hold 5-6 test tubes in a row . TEST TUBE RACK Made of wood andhas 12 holes for the strorage of test tube.

outlining the sediment in the gravimetric so that it becomes a stable form . cremate filter paper. PORCELEN BOWLS For reacting subtances in high temperature.

Iron that held the ring . TRIPOD Is Iron that held the ring Used to hold gauze in heating .

Used tas a base in the spread of heat coming from a burning . WIRE NETTING Wire netting coated a asbestos.

U PIPE U Pipe made of glass. curved shape resembles the letter Serves to connect the test tube and as atransfer medium in the reaction process .

wearing goggles and lab coat.  Make sure the lid has enough grease around the ground glass rim .place lid partly on the top and slide across until desiccator is completely closed and then rotate lid gently in both directions. Desiccant should not coat the sides or plate of the desiccator. When the lid is properly seated. the greased rim will appear as shown in Figure 2. the desiccant should be replaced. When the color changes to pink.if necessary.  To close . . spread Vaseline uniformly on the rim.  Desiccants should be handled in the hood and added carefully. it probably needs to be replaced with new dessicant.slide lid horizontally across the top to one side until it comes off. Use one hand to hold the bottom of the desiccator while using the other hand to grasp the knob. DESICCATOR Usage:  To open .  If the desiccant appears wet or clumpy. It is helpful to have a small amount of indicating desiccant present.

Hot vapors from the boiling solvent keep the filter funnel warm. Erlenmeyer flasks' narrow necks can also support filter funnels. avoiding the premature crystallization. To impede illicit drug manufacturers. The receiving flask is filled with a small amount of solvent. Such features similarly make the flask suitable for boiling liquids. Hot vapors condense on the upper section of the Erlenmeyer flask. ERLENMEYER Usage The tapered sides and narrow neck of this flask allow the contents of the flask to be mixed by swirling. reducing solvent loss. The hot solution is filtered through a fluted filter paper into the receiving flask. without risk of spillage. and heated to a boil. The sample to be purified is heated to a boil. making them suitable for titrations. the state of Texas has restricted the sale of Erlenmeyer flasks to those who have the requisite permits. The last two attributes of Erlenmeyer flasks make them especially appropriate for recrystallization. . and sufficient solvent is added for complete dissolution.

Linen gets burnt and surgical sharps lose their sharpness. turning the machine off and cooling the articles in the closed oven till they reach room temperature. . OVEN A complete cycle involves heating the oven to the required temperature. maintaining that temperature for the proper time interval for that temperature. The standard settings for a hot air oven are: 1. Thus the cycle must be properly repeated all over. like glassware and powders. If the door is opened before time. heat escapes and the process becomes incomplete.5 to 2 hours at 160 °C (320 °F) 6 to 12 minutes at 190 °C (374 °F) plus the time required to preheat the chamber before beginning the sterilization cycle. These are widely used to sterilize articles that can withstand high temperatures and not get burnt.

. SEPARATING FUNNEL (CORONG PISAH) Usage A separating funnel can be used to separate the components of the mixture of immiscible liquids.

skinny arm portruding downward at an angle to the neck. . DESTILLATION FLASKS (LABU DESTILASI) Usage This piece of glassware consists of a small. with a long. spherical bulb at the bottom of a long neck. These flasks are used to efficiently distill small amounts of liquid.

PIPETTE DROP To take the solution in small amounts .

GRADUATED CYLINDER As a place to measure the volume .

BEAKER GLASS Quarter heat and store substances while .

STIRRER Tostir and help pouring the solution .

org/wiki/Burette  https://en.wikipedia.com/glossary.wikipedia.wikipedia.org/wiki/Retort_stand  https://en.com/education/A-Chemistry- Guide-List-of-Common-Laboratory-Equipment- Names-and-Uses  http://glossary.com/74150354/lab-equipment- names-and-pictures-flash-cards/  http://hubpages.php?en=Pet ri+dish  https://en.org/wiki/Spatula  https://en. REFERENCES  https://quizlet.wikipedia.periodni.org/wiki/Analytical_balance .