DERET BERHINGGA

(INFINITE SERIES)
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Sequence

A sequence is an infinite list of numbers written in a definite order:

or

The usual convention is to pick a single letter (such as a or x ) for each
sequence, using subscripts to indicate the terms:

or

Finding the Formula
The trick to finding the formula for a sequence is to recognize the pattern, and
figure out how to describe it in terms of . Here are a few simple examples:

EXAMPLE 1: Find formulas for the following sequences.

SOLUTION

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EXAMPLE 2: Find formulas for the following sequences: SOLUTION .

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EXERCISES .

Series .

The Sum of a Series EXAMPLE 1 : .

.The first few partial sums of this series are listed below: the partial sums are converging to 1.

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EXAMPLE 2: SOLUTION: .

CONVERGENCE AND DIVERGENCE A series can only converge if its terms get smaller and smaller .

DO THE TERMS APPROACH ZERO? EXAMPLE .

EXAMPLE SOLUTION EXAMPLE SOLUTION .

EXAMPLE SOLUTION L'Hospital's rule .

L'Hospital's rule .

Example .

EXAMPLE SOLUTION .

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d =1 and N = 1000 . Arithmetic series An arithmetic series has the characteristic that the difference between successive terms is constant. The sum of a general arithmetic series is written This is an arithmetic series with a =1.

Deret Geometri. .

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atau .

Arithmetico-geometric series .

Deret arithmetico-geometric Deret "arithmetico-geometric" adalah nama untuk deret yang merupakan deret kombinasi antara deret aritmatk dan deret geometri. maka . Secara umum deret "arithmetico-geometric" dinyatakan dalam persamaan.3.

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.2. Hitunglah jumlahan untuk: a. b.

Jawaban 1.a. ∞ 𝒏 𝒙𝑵+𝟏 − 𝟏 𝟏 − 𝒙𝑵+𝟏 𝑺𝑵 = ෍ 𝒂𝒙 = 𝒂 =𝒂 𝒙−𝟏 𝟏−𝒙 𝒏=𝟏 .

Jawaban 1. ∞ 𝒏 𝒙𝑵+𝟏 − 𝟏 𝟏 − 𝒙𝑵+𝟏 𝑺𝑵 = ෍ 𝒂𝒙 = 𝒂 =𝒂 𝒙−𝟏 𝟏−𝒙 𝒏=𝟏 .b.

∞ 𝒏 𝒙𝑵+𝟏 − 𝟏 𝟏 − 𝒙𝑵+𝟏 𝑺𝑵 = ෍ 𝒂𝒙 = 𝒂 =𝒂 𝒙−𝟏 𝟏−𝒙 𝒏=𝟏 . Jawaban 1.c.

∞ 𝒏 𝒙𝑵+𝟏 − 𝟏 𝟏 − 𝒙𝑵+𝟏 𝑺𝑵 = ෍ 𝒂𝒙 = 𝒂 =𝒂 𝒙−𝟏 𝟏−𝒙 𝒏=𝟏 . Jawaban 2.a.

b.Jawaban 2. .

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∞ 𝒏 𝒙𝑵+𝟏 − 𝟏 𝟏 − 𝒙𝑵+𝟏 𝑺𝑵 = ෍ 𝒂𝒙 = 𝒂 =𝒂 𝒙−𝟏 𝟏−𝒙 𝒏=𝟏 .

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after two bounces to 3m. Solution: ∞ 𝒏 𝒙𝑵+𝟏 − 𝟏 𝟏 − 𝒙𝑵+𝟏 𝑺𝑵 = ෍ 𝒂𝒙 = 𝒂 =𝒂 𝒙−𝟏 𝟏−𝒙 𝒏=𝟏 .Example: Consider a ball that drops from a height of 27 m and on each bounce retains only a third of its kinetic energy. thus after one bounce it will return to a height of 9m. and so on. Find the total distance travelled between the first bounce and the M th bounce.

2. Uji Konvergensi (CONVERGENCE TESTS) .

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EXAMPLE SOLUTION .

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EXAMPLE

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Contoh: Cauchy (or Maclaurin) Integral Test. .

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Power Series. Interval of Convergence .3.

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DERET TAYLOR .

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