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Figurative

Language

By: Marisol Saucedo


EDU 214-1008 Spring 2016
What is figurative language?

• It is used with a meaning that is different from the


basic meaning and that expresses an idea in an
interesting way by using language that usually
describes something else
• Not literal
Types

• Simile • Oxymoron
• Metaphor • Hyperbole
• Personification • Imagery
• Onomatopoeia
Simile

• Using the words “like” or “as” when comparing two


different things.
• Ex. 1
• The fruit is as sweet as candy.
• Ex. 2
• The boy’s eyes shined like diamonds.
Metaphor

• Comparing two different things, person, or place


without using “like” or “as”
• Ex. 1
• Her path began to come apart once she decided to join the
sorority.
• Ex. 2
• The child burst into a puddle of tears.
Personification

• The practice of representing a thing or idea as a


person in art, literature, etc.
• Ex. 1
• The water engulfed the homes of many people.
• Ex. 2
• We have to keep receipts of every incident mother nature
has caused.
Onomatopoeia

• A word representing a sound or action


• Ex.1
• You can hear the water swishing inside of the glass bottle.
• Ex. 2
• The cow started to moo once it needed to get milked.
Oxymoron

• A combination of words that have opposite or very


different meanings
• Ex. 1
• What a tragic comedy act.
• Ex. 2
• That joke was seriously funny!
Hyperbole

• Language that describes something as better or worse


than it really is
• Ex. 1
• He was tall as a building.
• Ex. 2
• She was as evil as Donald Trump.
Imagery

• Language that causes people to imagine pictures in


their mind
• Ex. 1
• The white rabbit hurried through the meadows to reach the
forest.
• Ex. 2
• The beautiful white flowers swayed during the day as the
winds blew gently against their stature.
10 minute group activity
• Get into groups of 3
• Assign a person who will be in charge of writing
• The group as a whole has to come up with an example for
each type of figurative language
• Once time is up each group will present two types of
figurative language of their choice
• Turn in assignment
• http://literarydevices.net/figurative-language/
• https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vMSLgxj2dxk