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Different Forms of Media

Broadcast Media

History of Film Making
1890 – History of film began.
- Films were still produced without sound.

1897 – The first rotating camera was built.

- The first film studios were built.
- special effects were introduced and film
continuity, involving action moving from one
sequence into another began to be used.
History of Film Making
1899 – the first use of animation in movies emerged.

1900s – the first close up shot was introduced.

1905 – the first successful permanent theatre showing

only films was “The Nickelodeon” in Pittsburgh.
- American films had the largest share of the
market vs Australia and in all European countries
except France.
- New film techniques were introduced in this period
including the use of artificial lighting, fire effect, and
low-key lighting for enhanced atmosphere during
sinister scenes.
History of Film Making
1929 – motion pictures were now produced with sounds.

Charlie Chaplin in the Pawnshop (1916) | Silent Film

(2015). Public Domain. Youtube.
Retrieved September 28, 2017, from:
History of Philippine Cinema
• Jan 1, 1897 – the introduction of the first
moving pictures at the Salon de Pertierra,
• September 12, 1919 – A silent feature film
broke the grounds for Filipino filmmakers
titled “Dalagang Bukid”by Jose Nepomuceno.
- Jose Nepomuceno was
dubbed as the Father of Philippine Cinema
• 1930s – Scripts characterized in films came from
popular theatre and familiar local literature.

• December 8, 1932 – A film in Tagalog titled “Ang

Aswang”, a monster movie inspired by Philippine
folklore, was promoted as the first sound film.

• March 9, 1933 – Jose Nepomuceno’s “Punyal na

Guinto” was credited as the first completely
sound, all-talking motion picture in the country.
• 1940s – the war brought the Philippine cinema the
consciousness of reality. Movie themes consisting
primarily of war and heroism had proven to be a huge
hit among local audiences.

• 1950s – was considered as the golden age of Philippine

cinema with the emergence of more artistic and
mature films, and significant improvement in
cinematic techniques among filmmakers.
- The Filipino film industry was one of the busiest
and bustling film communities in Asia, releasing an
average of 350 films a year.
• 1960s – characterized by rampant western
knock-offs, and the so-called bomba (soft
porn) pictures.

• Fan movies and teen love team-ups emerged,

showing Nora Aunor and Vilma Santos, along
with Tirso Cruz III and Edgar Mortiz as their
respective screen sweethearts.
Guy and Pip- scene from Always in my Heart
(2009). noraAunor4ever2009. Youtube.
Retrieved January 10, 2018, from:

Susan Roces and Eddie Guttierez: Certainly the

Right Combination
(2011).prettydynamick. Youtube.
Retrieved January 10, 2018, from:
- Soft porn movies, more popularly
known as bomba films, increasingly became
popular, and these films were described as a
direct challenge to the conventions, norms,
and conduct of the society.
• 1970s – 1980s
• In 1972, the Philippines was placed under the
Martial Law and films were used as propaganda
vehicles. President Ferdinand Marcos sought to
regulate filmmaking through the creation of the
Board of Censors for Motion Pictures (BCMP).

- Bomba films as well as political movies

critical of the Marcos administration were
banned. In spite of the censorship, the
exploitation of sex and violence on screen
continued to assert.
- During the closing years of Martial rule, a number
of films defiant of the Marcos Dictatorship were
made. In the same year, Mike de Leon’s Sister Stella
L., a movie about oppression and tyranny was
shown on the big screens.

Stella L Rally
(2014).Dexter Rala. Youtube.
Retrieved January 10, 2018, from:
• 1990s – saw the emerging popularity of
slasher movies, teen-oriented romantic
comedies, as well as sexually explicit adult
films, although comedies still draw a large
• Over the years, however, the film industry has
registered a steady decline in movie
viewership from 139 million in 1996 to 63
million in 2004. From a high of 200 films a
year during the 1980s, the country’s film
industry was down to making a total of 56
new films in 2006 and around 30 in 2007.
The Philippine Movie Classification
• G – Viewers of all ages are admitted.

• PG – Viewers below 13 years old must be accompanied by a

parent or supervising adult.

• R-13 – Only viewers who are 13 years old and above can be

• R-16 – Only viewers who are 16 years old and above can be

• R-18 – Only viewers who are 18 years old and above can be

• X – films are not suitable for public exhibition.

Philippine Movie Famous Lines
Ang Pinaka: Memorable Lines From Pinoy Movies
(2010).elmtree2179. Youtube.
Retrieved January 10, 2018, from:
• Naldo, Elymae Bade, Nerissa Cruz Gabelo.
(2016). A Simplified Approach to Media and
Information Literacy for Senior High School.
Mutya Publishing House.

• Image Source :

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