Coaching Youth


SYA Basketball
Coaches Training Class
Winter 2005-2006

D. Vennergrund, R. Korman, F. Krebs

Goal of this Class
 Develop Confident, Competent
Basketball Coaches
 To accomplish this goal, we will provide
• Information
• Resources
• Contacts

Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 2

Why Now?
 SYA Basketball relies on
volunteer coaches,
overwhelmingly parents
• Some are drafted!
 Over time our experienced
coaches retire
 Our new coaches need a
strong foundation on which to
 Our experienced coaches can
benefit from a refresher

Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 3

Agenda Part 1 – Coaching Fundamentals Part 2 – Communication Part 3 – Safety Part 4 – Volunteer Building Director Part 5 – Resources Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 4 .

Part 1 – Coaching Fundamentals What is a Coach? .

Exercise 1 – Your Memories As a child. who was your most favorite coach? List three attributes that best describe your coach: Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 6 .

Exercise 1 – Your Memories As a child who was your least favorite coach? List three attributes that best describe your coach: Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 7 .

What is a coach?  A teacher  A leader  A friend  A role model  A guide  A parent  A sibling Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 8 .

Coaches Primary Responsibilities  Provide a safe physical and emotional learning environment  Communicate in a positive manner  Teach the tactics and skills of basketball  Teach the rules of basketball  Direct players in competition  Help players become fit and value fitness for a lifetime  Help young people develop character Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 9 .

Tools to being an Effective Coach C – Comprehension O – Outlook A – Affection C – Character H – Humor Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 10 .

Comprehension  Understand the basic elements of basketball: rules. and skills. tactics.  How can you improve your comprehension? • Field Study • Research • Practice Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 11 .

high school.  Attend basketball clinics • SYA Coaching Clinics  Volunteer at basketball clinics Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 12 .Comprehension – Field Study  Attend local youth league. and pro games. college.

Comprehension – Field Study  Attend referee training clinics • SYA Referee Clinics  Work with more experienced coaches  Watch games on TV with a purpose Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 13 .

)  Web Sites Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 14 . etc. YBOA.Comprehension – Research  Books  Organizations (AAU.

Tools to being an Effective Coach C – Comprehension O – Outlook A – Affection C – Character H – Humor Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 15 .

Outlook  What is your coaching outlook? • What are your goals? • What are your priorities? Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 16 .

b.Winning the league championship. Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 17 .Knowing each player enjoyed playing for you. c.Self-Evaluation #1 What would make you most proud? a.Seeing that all players improved their basketball skills.

don’t do it. c. Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 18 .Everyone should learn something every day.Self-Evaluation #2 Which statement best reflects your thoughts about sport? a.Sport isn’t fun if you don’t win. b.If it isn’t fun.

As a coach who provided a good base for fundamental skills.As a coach who had a winning record.As a coach who was fun to play for. c.Self-Evaluation #3 How would you like your players to remember you? a. Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 19 . b.

What is your Outlook ? A’s .Skill Development attracts you to coaching C’s . B’s .Having fun is most important to you.Winning is your top priority Is there a right answer here? Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 20 .

and enjoyment.What Outlook does SYA want of it’s coaches? Athletes First. … Winning Second Winning is an important part to competition -. Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 21 . development.but second to the athletes well-being.

Tools to being an Effective Coach C– Comprehension O – Outlook A – Affection C – Character H – Humor Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 22 .

Affection – What is it?  A genuine concern for the players in your care  A love for kids  A desire to share your love and knowledge of the game  The patience and understanding to allow every participant to grow in their development in basketball Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 23 .

How to Demonstrate Affection (1)  Make an effort to get to know each player on your team • Use their first names as soon and as often as you can  Treat each player as an individual  Empathize with players trying to learn new and difficult skills • It takes 6-8 weeks to master a new skill Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 24 .

How to Demonstrate Affection (2)  Treat players as you would like to be treated  Always be in control of your emotions  Show your enthusiasm for being involved with your team  Keep an upbeat and positive tone in all your communications • Especially e-mail ! Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 25 .

Tools to being an Effective Coach C– Comprehension O – Outlook A – Affection C – Character H – Humor Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 26 .

Character – Be a Good Role Model How can you build character in your players?  By modeling appropriate behaviors for sport and life.  Think of kids as Xerox machines -.they will copy everything you say and do … • Not just what you “preach” Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 27 .

and after every practice and game  If you make a mistake . not be afraid to admit you were wrong. Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 28 .Demonstrating Good Character  Challenge. encourage. and reward every player  Be in control of your emotions before. support.

Tools to being an Effective Coach C – Comprehension O – Outlook A – Affection C – Character H – Humor Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 29 .

Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 30 .  Use humor to respond to miscues and other mishaps.  When people are laughing most of their defensive mechanisms are down -.Humor  Humor is a very powerful can pour in the knowledge. and never ridicule a player or play.  Don’t dwell on the negative.

but praise  Smile ! Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 31 .How to Inject Humor into Practices  Make practice fun by including a variety of activities • if you find yourself bored or running a stale practice - call us -.we have 100’s of activities to share.  Keep all players involved in games and skills work  Limit the standing around watching time  Consider laughter to be a sign of enjoyment. not a problem -.

Tools to being an Effective Coach C – Comprehension O – Outlook A – Affection C – Character H – Humor Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 32 .

Part 2 – Communication Sending and Receiving Information .

Communication  What is communication?  Sending and Receiving Information • Verbal Communications • Non-verbal Communications Our actions speak louder than our words ! Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 34 .

Nice idea. good attempt. NOT. try to. do  Avoid Negative Words: BUT. next time don’t. you should Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 35 .Sending Effective Verbal Messages  Be positive and honest • Don’t nag • Don’t use cheerful clichés that cover-up issues  Use Positive Words: AND. you need to.

 Players will listen to constructive criticism in small doses when given large amounts of worthy praise. Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 36 . then what needs to be improved.Sending Effective Verbal Messages  Start with what was good.

Sending Effective Verbal Messages  State it clearly and simply • Organize your thoughts before you speak • Be accurate. brief. and helpful • Use language your players will understand • Don’t go on and on Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 37 .

players will tune out garbled and weak commands • Enthusiasm can motivate your players • But don’t dominate the practice with a constant. • Use a loud. clear voice . booming voice • If at first they do not understand. “Deny” Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 38 .Sending Effective Verbal Messages  Say it loud enough. “Finish”. and say it again. say it again in a slightly different way • Use Verbal Short-Cuts • “BEEF”. “Up and Wide”. “Attack”.

Sending Effective Verbal Messages  Be consistent • Stay on message • Don’t contradict yourself • Never use sarcasm with a child • “Way to Go” after a mistake is confusing and corrosive to a players spirits Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 39 .

and the players will study it like a map – smile  Use appropriate body language • What does head down and shoulders slumped tell you? Hands on your hips and jaw-clenched? Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 40 .Sending Non-Verbal Messages  Be consistent in verbal and non- verbal communications • Your gestures always trump your words  Use appropriate facial expressions • Your face tells all .

approval. and vigorous! Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 41 . and joy.Sending Non-Verbal Messages  Use appropriate physical contact • A hand shake or high five • A pat on the shoulder • An arm around the back • A Hug  Are all appropriate and human ways of showing concern.  Be pleasant. confident.

paraphrase • show that you care Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 42 .Receiving Information To communicate effectively one must be a good receiver!  Pay Attention • focus on the verbal and non-verbal messages  Listen Actively • give full attention • establish eye contact • repeat back what you’ve heard.

Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 43 . ignore it and focus on the solution. Don’t pass the ball to the post when she is double teamed! b. When the post is double teamed look to pass to the open wing.  Which do you prefer to hear? a.Constructive Feedback  When a mistake is made. everyone knows it.

he can’t catch it Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 44 .Destructive Feedback The following are comments heard in recent SYA games:  That’s You Tim – That’s your man  What are you doing?  What were you thinking ?  Don’t pass it to Bob.

But we need to “coach” them Yes . Bob catch it ready to shoot • Don’t pass it to Bob.try it again • What were you thinking ?  Nice pass John.and we will in a positive manner:  Tim – close on your man when he is one pass away from the ball • That’s You Tim – That’s your man  Holly – set up “13” and go left • What are you doing?  Good idea Caitlyn . he can’t catch it Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 45 .

 How can you put the parents at ease? • Pre-Season Meeting • Open Lines of Communication • Get them involved Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 46 .Communicating with Parents  Parents need to know that their children are in safe and knowledgeable hands.

Pre-Season Parent Meeting  Describe your background and approach to coaching • Present your goals for the team  Give your preferred method of communication • Is it cell phone. email. or face-to-face?  Welcome their questions and concerns here and throughout the season • Explain your communication guidelines Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 47 .

Pre-Season Parent Meeting  Encourage them to communicate directly with you if concerns arise  Review SYA Code of Conduct  Review Parents Game Conduct  Describe inherent risks in basketball Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 48 .

Parents Game Conduct  Positive Cheering  Avoid common  Respect for the problems coach • Parents who “assist” the referees  Respect for the • Parents who “coach” opponent from the sidelines  Respect for the referees  Respect for the game Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 49 .

On-Going Communication with Parents  Be sure to keep the lines of communication open to parents throughout the season. solicit feedback  Be proactive Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 50 .  Send messages.

Getting Parents Involved  Practice Day • Run a skills station • Volunteer Building Director • Assistant Coach  Game Day • Scoreboard or Book • Statistics • Video • Assistant Coach Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 51 .

We are thankful we have an opponent . Tips  Visit with the opposing coach before the game  Do not be dragged into a feud with the opponents  Get along with opposing coach -- competition is on the floor not bench Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 52 .they are not the enemy.Communication with Opponents No opponent means no game.

and if time permits visit a moment. introduce yourself.  How to Treat Referees 1.Communicating with Referees  Your communication to the referees is extremely influential on your players. Thank them after the game. 2. Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 53 . Greet referees with a handshake. 3. 4.  YOU MUST SET A GOOD EXAMPLE. and after the game. Always show respect for the referees before. Never make disrespectful remarks or body gestures. during.

 Referees patience will wear thin -. If you absolutely must discuss a topic with a referee.Communicating with Referees Coaches who “assist” the referees by “calling the game” create numerous problems:  Players respect for the referee is diminished. find a quiet time (time-out.) and address the referee one-on- one with respect in a quiet voice that no one can overhear. half-time.who wants the game on the line when it wears out.  Players focus on external circumstances (excuses) in place of internal effort. Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 54 .  Referees may respond with less desirable efforts. etc.

Part 3 – Safety Be prepared for the unexpected .

Planning for Safety An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. Safety Topics: • Physical conditioning • Equipment and facilities inspection • Matching athletes to inherent risks • Proper supervision and record keeping • Environmental conditions Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 56 .

Physical Conditioning To play basketball safely. players must be fit in two ways: • Cardio-Respiratory Fitness • Muscular Fitness Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 57 .

20 to 30 minutes everyday of elevated heart rate is ideal.challenge your players. always have the players in motion. enlist parents and assistant coaches.But don’t just run  Setup multiple stations.  Start slow and add activity -.) between practices. Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 58 .Cardio-Respiratory Fitness How do we make players “cardio” fit?  Run .  Encourage players to include cardio exercise at home (run. and monitor their progress. swim. etc. bike.

Muscular fitness includes • strength • muscle endurance • power • speed • flexibility Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 59 .Muscular Fitness The ability of muscles to sustain strenuous activity for longer periods.

challenge your players.  Start slow and add activity -. defensive drills. and monitor their progress.Muscular Fitness How do we make players “muscular” fit?  Stretch  Work the muscles with passing drills. enlist parents and assistant coaches. Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 60 . 2 to 3 sessions per week will build flexibility and muscle strength. etc  Setup multiple stations. have players in motion. cross training) between practices. shooting drills.  Encourage players to include strength training at home (weights.

fitness minimizes damage and speeds recovery.  Caveats: • Younger children may be too immature to develop much muscle mass . Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 61 .their focus should be on endurance and flexibility.Muscular Fitness  Muscular fitness can prevent injuries but should an injury occur.

Recovery Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 62 . Respiration Rate.Putting Fitness into Practice  Warm-up • Stretch. get warm  Develop Cardio Fitness • Drills with running  Develop Muscular Fitness • Drills with motor skills  Cool-Down • Reduce heart rate • Monitor every player • Pulse. loosen-up.

Equipment and Facilities Inspection – Every Session  Inspect Facility and make it SAFE  Common Issues in SYA gyms • Slick Floors • Obstructions • Gymnastics Equipment • Volleyball Standards • Broken or mal-adjusted Rims Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 63 .

goggles.Matching Athletes to Risks  Assign players appropriate match-up • 12 year olds can vary by 1 foot and 90 pounds – don’t put your players at risk  Advise parents of the inherent risks of basketball – it is a contact sport • Discuss mouth guards. and athletic support in the pre-season parent meeting • No Pockets in Shorts • No Jewelry • No Hard Casts Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 64 .

Proper Supervision
 As the coach you must provide proper
supervision at all times to prevent injury
• Prevent dangerous activity
• Stop horse-play
• Monitor physical exertion to keep players safe
• Respond when the unexpected happens

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Responding to Injury
 Be Prepared
• Recent CPR and First-Aid Training
• Carry a First-Aid Kit
• Have an Emergency Plan
• Cell Phone
• Players Contact Sheet in your
 Submit an injury report to the
league commissioner

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First-Aid and CPR Training
 We encourage all
coaches to be
certified in
• Basic First Aid
 Certification Sources
• Red Cross

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SYA Injury Report  Who was injured? • Contact Information  When?  Where?  What action was taken?  Send Information ASAP to • Basketball President .Frank Krebs • SYA Office .Alice Putnam • Include your contact information Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 68 .

Environmental Conditions  Heat is our primary concern • Be sure to hydrate and re-hydrate often • Adjust practice to conditions • Recommend proper clothing  If you practice outdoors – be aware of other environmental hazards • High winds • Thunderstorms – Lightning • Excessive heat and humidity Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 69 .

Part 4 – Volunteer Building Director Be a Good Guest .

000 per week Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 71 .VBD Program  Must have at least one VBD in every practice or game  Cannot coach and be the VBD in a game setting – need a second per team  Must be in a database this year !  Saves us $35 per hour • 200 Teams practice 3 hours per week = 600 hours X $35 = $21.

VBD Program  Simple Rules • Respect the school and school employees • No food or drink  Top Problems • Schedule conflicts • Personality conflicts • Minor damage • Younger siblings • Security Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 72 .

htm  Recruit two others to take the test  Send your commissioner a list  Wear the Badge ! Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 73 .gov/rec/Team_Sport s/VolBld_Dir.fairfaxcounty.VBD – Get Your Team Certified  Watch Video or Go Online • https://www.

Part 5 – Resources Be a Student of the Game .

American Sport Education Program  Coaching Basketball Successfully. Digger Phelps  Free Throw. Tom Amberry Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 75 . Morgan Wootten  Coaching Girl’s Basketball Successfully. Larry Bird  Basketball for Dummies. Dr. Jill Hutchinson  Bird on Basketball.Books  Coaching Youth Basketball.

fairfaxcounty.u gov/rec/Team_Sports/At s/WestfieldHS/athletics/a hletic_Services.htm  Coaches Registration  Centreville High School • https://www. • League • http://www.syasports.fcps.htm Fairfax County CRS  Westfield High School • http://www.html ndex.vhsl.htm Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 76 .Important Links  SYA Basketball  Virginia High School • revilleHS/activity/winter/i • http://www.

Local Coaches  SYA Select Coaches  Area HS Coaches • John Cleveland • Pat Deegan • Otto Jones • Wally Horton • Ed Knox • Mike Johnson • Robert Korman • Brian Doyle • Dave Vennergrund • Tom Watson Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 77 .  NFHS .aauboysbasketball.asep.American Sport Education Program • On-line Certification in 2004 •  ASEP .National Federation of High Schools •  Positive Coaching Alliance • SYA Clinics coming Soon !!!  YBOA • Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 78 • www.National Organizations  AAU • www.

and rules of basketball  Direct players in competition  Help players become fit for a lifetime  Help young people develop character Winter 2005-2006 SYA Basketball 79 .Your Assignment  Provide a safe learning environment  Communicate in a positive manner  Teach the tactics. skills.