FOUNDATIONS OF ORGANIZATION DEVELOPMENT
The knowledge base of organization development is extensive and is constantly growing .here we believe are the most important underpinnings for the field is.
y y y y y y y y

Models and theories of the planned change System theory Participation and empowerment Teams and team works Parallel learning structures A normative-reeducative strategy of changing Applied behavioral science Action research

Theories of Planned Change y Kurt Lewin s Organizational change theories Resultant Theory y Three stage Model Theory y y Burke Lit win's model of Organization change y First Order Change and Second Order Change y Porras and Robertson s model of Organizational Change y Based on work setting .

y Method Used : Force Field Analysis .Resultant Theory The current state of things at any point is the result of opposing forces.

Models and Theories of the Planned Change .

viewing things differently y Identifying a new mentor or new role. y Scanning environment for data Refreezing Integrating with the new scenario y The new personality y New Relationships .Three Stage Model theory Unfreezing Creating readiness y Lack of confirmation y Creation of guilt y Psychological Safety Changing .

y Leads to: y transformational change y Change in organizational culture y .Burke Litwin Model of Change y First Order Change happens when some features of the organization change y Leads to: y transactional change y Organizational climate y Second Order Change y happens when the organization undergoes certain fundamental changes.

Transactional Factors .

Transformational Factors .

Burke Litwin Model .

. y Transformational leaders are capable of having a profound and extraordinary effect on the employees. y Transactional leaders contribute to normal performance by guiding and motivating the employees towards the goals.Burke Litwin Model Contd y There are two distinct sets of organizational dynamics.

people.final product/service . y Systems operate through the input-throughput.money. information etc y Through put conversion or transformation y Output .Hanna. raw materials.output mechanism.Systems Theory y System is an arrangement of interrelated parts . y Inputs .

System in Interaction .

y y y y y y y y y y Input factors Environment Resources History Organizational Elements Strategy Work People Formal and Informal Organization Output Factors System Unit Individual .Congruence among system elements.

Congruence among System Elements .

Analysis of the System Theory y Parts of the Organizational System y Parts of the Environment y Major Variables y Relationship between the variables Serious mistakes made in business arise because of neglect of one or more of these four factors. .

5. 4. Effective Problem Solving Effective leadership Effective Communication Effective Planning Effective Organizational development Avoiding founder's syndrome. 2. 3. .Benefits of System Theory 1. 6.

present and future y Enabling y Foster collaboration y Strengthen others y Modeling the way y Set example y Plan small wins  Encourage the heart y Recognition of the individual y Celebrate accomplishments. .Participation and Empowerment  Challenge the process y opportunity search y Risk and Experiments y Inspired Vision y Envision the past.

Empowerment contd Concept of open Book Management  Understanding the company's financials.  Self motivated employees  A direct stake in the business .

Operates in parallel 3. Engages inquiry. A created structure 2. initiation and experimentation 5.Parallel Learning Structure A supplementing structure coexisting with the usual. Features are: 1. Questions the constraints 4. Ensures Organization effectiveness .

Empirical and Rational Strategies Normative and Re educative Strategy Power-Coercive Strategy OD Practioners propose the normative and educative strategy for Organization Development . 3. 1.Normative-Re educative Strategy Change can be brought about by 3 kinds of strategies. 2.

. process and paradoxes. principles and concepts. ( Treatment) y Illustrates awareness. practice.Applied Behavioral Science y Applied Behavioral Science is a combination of Research . observation and interpretation. Theory and Science . strategies. y Includes basic understanding of theory. ( Diagnosis) y Includes techniques. models.

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