IMPORTANCE OF PRODUCTION & OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT Factories.  Top managers.  Productivity.  People in the factories.  .  Selecting a career.

PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT Production is the process by which Raw materials and other inputs are converted into finished products.  Production management refers to the application of management principles to the production function in a factory.  .

. assessing quality standards. assigning resources including people.OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT Operations management is the process in which resources or inputs are converted into more useful products. managing inventories. Operations management consists of tactics such as scheduling work.

PRODUCTION AS A SYSTEM Production system model comprises : 1) Production system. 2) conversion sub-system. 3) control sub-system. .

2) Conversion subsystem 3) Control subsystem A sub-system of larger production system where inputs are converted into outputs.PRODUCTION SYSTEM CONCEPTS CONCEPT DEFINITON 1) Production system A system whose function is to convert a set of inputs into a set of desired outputs. A sub-system of larger production system where a portion of output is monitored for feedback signals to provide corrective action if required. .

Quality control. Product design. Purchasing production equipments. Designing production work & establishing work standards. Production planning & scheduling.DUTIES & RESPONSIBILITIES OF PRODUCTION MANAGER Planning geographical location of the factory. Supply chain management. Designing production processes & equipments. Inventory management. . Layout of equipments within the factory.

. Production equipment maintenance. Measurement & monitoring of productivity. Industrial relations. Budgeting. Staff selection.

EMERGING ROLE OF PRODUCTION & OPERATION MANAGER Take part in strategic decision making of the company.  Automate processes as per the requirements of the company.  Take part in the implementation & use of Enterprise Resource Planning in the company.  Enhance the Research & Development effort.  Protect the environment by implementing environment & pollution norms established by the government from time to time.  .

Act as a member of concurrent engineering teams in new product design & old product development .  Develop long term strategic relationship with supplies by acting as a supply chain manager.  .

Re-engineering. Production / operation strategy. . Flexibility. Time reduction. Technology. Worker involvement. Total Quality Management.RECENT TRENDS IN PRODUCTION & OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT Global market place.

. Lean production. Supply Chain Management. Environmental issues.

production. .COMPUTER INTEGRATED MANUFACTURING Computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM) the manufacturing approach of using computers to control the entire production process. and support functions of a manufacturing enterprise are organized. The term "computer-integrated manufacturing" is both a method of manufacturing and the name of a computerautomated system in which individual engineering. marketing.

"CIM is the integration of total manufacturing enterprise by using integrated systems and data communication coupled with new managerial philosophies that improve organizational and personnel efficiency . .

. it requires extra human labor in ensuring that there are proper safeguards for the data signals that are used to control the machines. Process control: Computers may be used to assist the human operators of the manufacturing facility. While the CIM system saves on labor of operating the machines.KEY CHALLENGES Data integrity: The higher the degree of automation. the more critical is the integrity of the data used to control the machines. but there must always be a competent engineer on hand to handle circumstances which could not be foreseen by the designers of the control software.

where the factory can be quickly modified to produce different products. Some or all of the following subsystems may be found in a CIM operation: . although it is a big step in that direction. which would run completely independent of human intervention. or where the volume of products can be changed quickly with the aid of computers. Part of the system involves flexible manufacturing.SUBSYSTEMS IN COMPUTERINTEGRATED MANUFACTURING A computer-integrated manufacturing system is not the same as a "lights-out" factory.

COMPUTER-AIDED TECHNIQUES CAD (computer-aided design) CAE (computer-aided engineering) CAM (computer-aided manufacturing) CAPP (computer-aided process planning) CAQ (computer-aided quality assurance) PPC (production planning and control) ERP (enterprise resource planning) A business system integrated by a common database. .

Computer numerical controlled machine tools DNC. Programmable logic controllers Robotics Computers Software Controllers Networks Interfacing Monitoring equipment . Direct numerical control machine tools PLCs.DEVICES AND EQUIPMENT REQUIRED CNC.

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