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INTELLIGENT CONTROLLER FOR SINGLE

STAGE INVERTER POWERED HOME


APPLICATIONS

GUIDED BY:
MRS.M.PUSHPAVALLI

PRESENTED BY:
R.HARSHA VARDHAN REDDY (3414053)
N.M.AFTHAB AHMED (3414008)
ABSTRACT

 This project proposes a dual mode inverter based hybrid converter that can
support grid tied mode operation to extract maximum power from the solar PV
source at all times.

 The ability of the proposed converter to produce both DC and AC output allows
flexibility of operation in environments where the grid may not be available.

 This type of home helps to reduce the power loss by avoiding unnecessary double
stages of power conversion and improves the harmonic profile by isolating DC type
loads to DC supply side and rest of AC side.
EXISTING SYSTEM

A limitation of the existing micro-inverter topologies is the need for a large energy buffering
elements.

Conventional grid connected inverter uses high DC link voltage which will be the peak
magnitude of the line-line grid voltage.

For this particular purpose two stage conversions are required to boost up the DC voltage
and to invert it. However, this will increase the cost, size and loss of the system.

Passive power decoupling either makes use of a bulky DC link capacitance or an LC resonant
filters at the junction of the PV panel to absorb the power pulsation.
EXISTING BLOCK DIAGRAM

INVERTER AC
LOGIC LOADS
PV H-BRIDGE
SOURCE CONVERTER
RECTIFICATIO DC LOADS
N LOGIC

DRIVER CIRCUIT

PI CONTROLLER
LOGIC
LITERATURE SURVEY - 1

TITLE A Single-Stage Isolated Bidirectional Matrix Based


AC-DC Converter for Energy Storage
AUTHOR Amit K Singh, Prathamesh P Deshpande, S K Panda

YEAR 2016

CONCEPT • This paper presents a three-phase single-stage bidirectional isolated


matrix based AC-DC converter for energy storage.

• The topology directly converts the 3-phase line voltages into high
frequency AC voltage using high-frequency transformer followed by a
controlled rectifier.

• A modified Space Vector Modulation (SVM) based switching scheme is


proposed to achieve high input power quality with high power
conversion efficiency.
LITERATURE SURVEY - 2

TITLE Grid Tied Solar Micro-Converter with Optimizer - Mode Operation for
Weak-Grid Operation
AUTHOR Naila Ramzan, Zeinab Jamal Khan, Palwasha Naseer, Arooj Akbar, Nauman
Zaffar
YEAR 2017

CONCEPT • This paper proposes a dual mode flyback based hybrid converter that
can support both grid tied mode and islanded mode operation.

• A design of a solar micro-converter is proposed that works in dual


micro-inverter and optimizer modes.

• The ability of the proposed converter to produce both DC and AC


output allows flexibility of operation.
LITERATURE SURVEY - 3

TITLE Solar Powered SR Motor Based Water Pumping Using Dual Output Boost
Converter
AUTHOR Anjanee Kumar Mishra, Student Member, IEEE and Bhim Singh

YEAR 2016

CONCEPT • This paper proposes the SPG fed dual output boost converter utilized for
water pumping employing a switched reluctance (SR) motor.

• The dual output boost converter is used here to provide the balanced
voltages to a mid-point converter which is used as a power converter for
SRM drive.

• The speed control of SRM drive is performed by PWM control of the


mid-point converter. The results are shown in MATLAB SIMULINK.
LITERATURE SURVEY - 4

TITLE MISO Luo DC-DC Converter for Renewable Energy Applications

AUTHOR Nachiketa B. Deshmukh; Raosaheb D. Thombare; Pravin T. Jadhav;


Dagadu S. More
YEAR 2015

CONCEPT • Changing climatic conditions is a major inherent drawback associated


with it and MPPT (Maximum Power Point Tracking) is one of the
techniques used to overcome it (wind and solar).

• A negative output super lift Luo converter is integrated with multiple


sources for reducing passive elements.

• The proposed MISO (Multiple Input Single Output) topology can be


used for low or high power applications.
LITERATURE SURVEY - 5
TITLE Residential Distribution System Harmonic Compensation Using PV
Interfacing Inverter

AUTHOR S. Munir, Li Yun Wei

YEAR 2013

CONCEPT • The increased non-linear loads in today's typical home are a growing
concern for utility companies which might be worsened by harmonic
resonance.

• An in-depth analysis and comparison of different compensation schemes


based on the virtual harmonic damping impedance concept are then
carried out.

• The effectiveness of the harmonic compensation strategies under


different conditions is verified through analysis and simulations.
LITERATURE SURVEY - 6
TITLE Local Voltage Control Strategies for PV Storage Systems in Distribution
Grids

AUTHOR J. Von Appen, T. Stetz, M. Braun, A. Schmiegel

YEAR 2014

CONCEPT • This paper introduces several local voltage control strategies using PV
storage systems.

• These strategies focus on adding a voltage control capability to self-


consumption strategies.

• Their potential to smooth the grid integration of PV while increasing


self-consumption is assessed through grid simulations and an economic
evaluation.
LITERATURE SURVEY - 7

TITLE A Unified Single- and Three-Phase Control for Grid Connected Electric
Vehicles
AUTHOR A. Arancibia, K. Strunz, F. Mancilla-David

YEAR 2013

CONCEPT • In order to reduce cost, size, weight, and volume of on board chargers in
electric vehicles, it has been proposed to pursue integration for the dual
usage of converters for both charging and propulsion.

• An analysis illustrates how the various measurements are processed for


obtaining single- and three-phase flexibility while retaining
compatibility with well-established methods of converter current mode
control.
LITERATURE SURVEY - 8

TITLE An approach for an efficient hybrid AC/DC solar powered Homegrid


system based on the load characteristics of home appliances
AUTHOR Nikhil Sasidharan, Nimal Madhu M., Jai Govind Singh, Weerakorn
Ongsakul
YEAR 2015

CONCEPT • A new and efficient hybrid AC/DC solar powered Homegrid model is
proposed based on the load characteristics of a typical set of home
appliances.

• An efficient solar powered hybrid AC/DC Homegrid system is


demonstrated by 20% reduction in harmonics.

• A net zero/surplus energy home is demonstrated for sustainable energy


systems.
LITERATURE SURVEY - 9

TITLE Energy savings from direct-DC in U.S. residential buildings

AUTHOR Vagelis Vossos, Karina Garbesi, Hongxia Shen

YEAR 2014

CONCEPT • An increasing number of energy-efficient appliances operate on direct


current (DC) internally, offering the potential to use DC directly from
renewable energy systems.

• This paper investigates that potential for net-metered residences with


on-site photovoltaics (PV) by modeling the net power draw of a ‘direct-
DC house.
LITERATURE SURVEY - 10

TITLE A novel single-stage solar inverter using hybrid active filter with power
quality improvement
AUTHOR B. Mariappan, B. G. Fernandes, M. Ramamoorty

YEAR 2014

CONCEPT • One of the issues with grid feeding inverter is the requirement of high
dc-link voltage.

• So, single stage solar inverters using conventional inverters may not be
suitable.

• The inverter features a single power stage, with dc link voltage less than
the peak line-line voltage, which will reduce the power losses and
circuit complexity.
LITERATURE SURVEY - 11

TITLE A Novel Single-Phase Single-Stage Inverter for Solar Applications

AUTHOR K. M. Shafeeque, P. R. Subadhra

YEAR 2013

CONCEPT • In different to conventional two stage converter, the proposed converter


either step-up or step down the PV input dc voltage and convert to ac
directly in a single stage.

• The configuration is simple, compact and less weight as it has lesser


components.

• Since, the converter works on buck boost principle, it can be used


whether required ac voltage is lesser or greater than input PV voltage.
LITERATURE SURVEY - 12

TITLE A review of single-phase single stage inverter topologies for photovoltaic


system
AUTHOR S. Z. Mohammad Noor, A. M. Omar, N. N. Mahzan, I. R. Ibrahim

YEAR 2013

CONCEPT • In general, the single-phase single stage inverters are categorized into
four types of topologies: 1) H-Bridge, 2) buck-boost, 3) flyback type
chopper and 4) Z-Source inverter.

• The inverters are compared and evaluated on switching technique,


switching frequency, efficiency, output power, MPPT method, power
factor and THD.
LITERATURE SURVEY - 13

TITLE One-Cycle-Controlled Single-Stage Single-Phase Voltage-Sensorless Grid-


Connected PV System
AUTHOR E. S. Sreeraj, K. Chatterjee, S. Bandyopadhyay

YEAR 2013

CONCEPT • The importance of small grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) systems


utilizing single-stage single-phase inverters.

• Ruggedness, reliability, and cost effectiveness are the desirable


characteristics of such inverters used in distributed low-power
applications.

• Schemes based on one-cycle control (OCC) which do not require the


service of a phase-locked loop for interfacing the inverter to the grid.
LITERATURE SURVEY - 14

TITLE A Single-Stage Single-Phase Transformer-Less Doubly Grounded Grid-


Connected PV Interface
AUTHOR H. Patel, V. Agarwal

YEAR 2009

CONCEPT • A transformer provides galvanic isolation and grounding of the


photovoltaic (PV) array in a PV-fed grid-connected inverter. But it
makes it bulky and costlier.

• To overcome this drawback, a single-phase, single-stage, doubly


grounded, transformer-less PV interface, based on the buck-boost
principle, is presented.

• The configuration is compact and uses lesser components.


LITERATURE SURVEY - 15

TITLE Reconfigurable Solar Converter: A Single-Stage Power Conversion PV-


Battery System
AUTHOR Hongrae Kim; Parkhideh, B.; Bongers, T.D.; Heng Gao

YEAR 2013

CONCEPT • The main concept of the new converter is to use a single-stage three-
phase grid-tie solar PV converter to perform dc/ac and dc/dc operations.

• This converter solution is appealing for PV-battery application, because


it minimizes the number of conversion stages, thereby improving
efficiency and reducing cost, weight, and volume.
PROPOSED SYSTEM

 The main contribution of this paper is to implement a single phase single-stage


solar converter called reconfigurable solar converter in the solar powered
hybrid AC/DC residential building with energy storage devices.

 When grid-tied the energy buffering in the converter, to achieve power pulsation
at the output, is done using the decoupling capacitor and a switch.

 A CUK converter has been utilized here so that it can support variable output
load with both positive polarity and negative polarity.
PROPOSED BLOCK DIAGRAM

MPPT Controller & DC


Fuzzy logic
voltage controller

PWM
Various
loads

Solar Various
H-Bridge
Panel loads

Various
loads
Battery Dc load
ADVANTAGES & APPLICATIONS

ADVANTAGES:
 Utilize single conversion of ac power to dc.
 Improves the efficiency, reduces volume, and enhances the
reliability.
 Reduce significant amount of harmonics in the residential
feeders of the future smart grid.

APPLICATIONS:
 Wind, fuel cells.
 Solar powered hybrid ac/dc home.
Simulation of Proposed System
PV Model
Perturbation and Observation Algorithm
MPPT flowchart
PV output

PV o/p
voltage

PV o/p
current
Inverter input

T
Fuzzy model
PWM Signal
Inverted output
Switching Mode 1 (PV – Battery - Grid)
Switching Mode 2(PV – Grid)
Switching Mode 3(Battery – Grid)
Hardware Components

Rectifier Circuit

Modulation and Driver circuit Arduino Uno Controller


Solar PV

Switches (Modes of operation) Inverter circuit with loads


Hardware Kit
SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS

 MATLAB & Simulink


 Embedded C
HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS

 ARDUINO UNO
 Driver Circuit
 H-Bridge Inverter
 Battery
 Solar PV Panels
REFERENCES
[1] GSR (2014) - Renewables 2014 Global Status Report.

[2] S. Munir, Li Yun Wei, "Residential Distribution System Harmonic


Compensation Using PV Interfacing Inverter," IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, Vol.
4, No. 2, pp.816-827, June 2013.

[3] J. Von Appen, T. Stetz, M. Braun, A. Schmiegel, "Local Voltage Control


Strategies for PV Storage Systems in Distribution Grids," IEEE Trans. Smart Grid,
Vol. 5, No. 2, pp.1002-1009, March 2014.

[4] A. Arancibia, K. Strunz, F. Mancilla-David, "A Unified Single- and Three-Phase


Control for Grid Connected Electric Vehicles," IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, Vol. 4, No.
4, pp.1780-1790, Dec.

[5] GSR (2014) - Renewables 2014 Global Status Report.

[6] S. Munir, Li Yun Wei, "Residential Distribution System Harmonic


Compensation Using PV Interfacing Inverter," IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, Vol. 4, No.
2, pp.816-827, June 2013.
 [7] J. Von Appen, T. Stetz, M. Braun, A. Schmiegel, "Local Voltage Control
Strategies for PV Storage Systems in Distribution Grids," IEEE Trans. Smart Grid,
Vol. 5, No. 2, pp.1002-1009, March 2014.

 [8] A. Arancibia, K. Strunz, F. Mancilla-David, "A Unified Single- and Three-Phase


Control for Grid Connected Electric Vehicles," IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, Vol. 4, No.
4, pp.1780-1790, Dec. 2013.

 [9] B. T. Patterson, "DC, Come Home: DC Microgrids and the Birth of the
Enernet," IEEE Power and Energy Magazine, Vol. 10, No. 6, pp.60-69, Nov.-Dec.
2012.

 [10] D. B. W. Abeywardana, B. Hredzak, and V. G. Agelidis, “Singlephase grid-


connected lifepo battery supercapacitor hybrid energy storage system with
interleaved boost inverter,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 30, no.
10, pp. 5591–5604, Oct 2015.

 [11] M. Sahoo and K. S. Kumar, “Bidirectinal switched boost converter for ac-dc
hybrid microgrid,” in 2014 IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and
Exposition - APEC 2014, March 2014, pp. 2231–2236.
 [12] T. Friedli, J. Kolar, J. Rodriguez, and P. Wheeler, “Comparative evaluation of
three-phase ac-ac matrix converter and voltage dc-link back-toback converter
systems,” Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 59, no. 12, pp. 4487–
4510, Dec 2012.

 [13] B. Singh, B. N. Singh, A. Chandra, K. Al-Haddad, A. Pandey, and D. P.


Kothari, “A review of three-phase improved power quality ac-dc converters,” IEEE
Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 641–660, June 2004.

 [14] R. T. Naayagi, A. J. Forsyth, and R. Shuttleworth, “High-power bidirectional


dc-dc converter for aerospace applications,” IEEE Transactions on Power
Electronics, vol. 27, no. 11, pp. 4366–4379, Nov 2012.
MODULE DURATION WORK DONE

MODULE -1 2 MONTHS •Project title has been


accepted.
• Literature survey has
been done.
MODULE-2 1 MONTHS •Simulation has been
done.

MODULE-3 1 MONTHS • Hardware has been


completed.

MODULE-4 15 DAYS •Final project report has to


be prepared.
THANK YOU