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• sharing a sense of humour • bottle up emotions

• being honest and trustworthy • give someone the cold shoulder

• lending emotional support • keep up the appearances

• taking the lead in a crisis • pull a trick

• being willing to compromise • to let down a friend

• having interests in common • to cheat on your partner = be unfaithful

• being loyal and dependable • grow apart (distanciarse)

• rub along with someone = get on well • to fall out (enfadarse)


with someone • to make up with (hacer las paces)
• to swallow your pride • take sthing/ sb for granted (dar algo por
• to stand up for sb sentado/ no valorar a alguien)

• talking behind someone’s back


• it’s all doom and gloom
• to get a golden handshake/ a golden hello • it’s time for a reality check
• a quantum leap • if the worst comes to the worst
• to be snapped up (= eres muy solicitado) • to work your fingers to the bone
• blue chip companies • to keep your heads above water
• green shoots • to be left in a quandary (= dilema)
• quick fixes • to cut losses
• a quick buck (= fast way to get money) • to be left high and dry
• to reap the benefits (= to get them) • to keep your head down
• to put your money where your mouth is • to bleed red ink
• to cut your teeth = get experience • dog-eat-dog
• a white knight • rat race
• progress up the rungs • run-of-the-mill
• to walk in on a backlog
(=enfrentarse a trabajo atrasado)
• achieving a long-held ambition • joining the jet-set ?

• rising to the top of your chosen profession • you have to live in the public eye

• your business is expanded rapidly • a failure in your career

• the sales in your business rocketed • the invasion of your private life

• make a great fortune by identifying a gap in • many geniuses receive only


the market posthumous recognition

• the life of a child prodigy can be fraught • ephemeral success


with difficulties • to be ruthless to get want you
• to be shot to stardom want

• your status at work


• headlines
• Advertising slogans and jingles which are • deadlines (= hora tope para entregar la
catchy noticia)
• commercials • articles, reviews, interviews, gossip
• the constant repetition of a brand name columns

• subliminal message • the newspaper circulation (= la tirada)

• to buy space in the press and time on the • a scoop (= una exclusiva)
small screen • to be biased/ to be objective
• prime-time • PEOPLE: the critics, the commentator,
the editor

• TYPES: tabloids, broadsheet newspaper

• to check/ verify the news before


publishing them

• in the heat of the moment


• To rehearse
• on the stage
• the plot, the script, the soundtrack
• to play the role of…
• To be filmed on location (= al aire libre)
• to be set in … 1988/ Paris…
• a box- office success
• leading character, supporting roles
• low-budget
• subtitles
• when the final curtain fell (theatre)
• the audience voiced their disapproval by hissing and booing
• the orchestra and their conductor were given a standing ovation (concert)
• to carry out by-pass operations • Heavy smokers
• preventive cardiac surgery • to feel under the weather
• the National Health Service • side – effects
• emergency treatment/ operation • to have an infectious disease
• heart surgery • you have to go to the casualty
• to become a blood donor department
• to be a drug addict
• to have plastic surgery to remove facial scars
• to need a liver transplant
• to give sb first- aid
• to be vulnerable to infection
• to be out of intensive care in a ward
• to self-medicate
• alternative medicine: homeopathy, acupuncture,
• make a mountain out of a molehill
• to be as right as rain
• to be nothing short of a miracle
• an apple a day keeps the doctor away”
• to be as fit as fiddle
• to tackle the problem = to deal with • prison sentence
• riot police = anti-disturbios • death penalty = capital punishment
• decency, honesty • take into custody
• to be released on bail (=salir bajo
fianza)
• public concern
• bribery
• corruption is the norm, not the
exception
• everything goes with politicians at
the moment
• to commit fraud
• shady dealings (=negocios turbios)
• rainy days
• there has been a recent slump in house prices
• downturn = decline = failure = crash
• politician = statesperson = lawmaker = legislator
= drop = inactivity
= member of Parliament
• the financial markets slide
• trade unions,
• a breach of trust = abuso de
confianza


By Patricia P. Berrade

WATER POWER
SOLAR ENERGY/ (energía hidráulica)
PAPER SOLAR POWER

RECYCLING GLASS CLEAN ENERGIES


WIND ENERGY/
WIND POWER
CANS TO SAVE ECO-FRIENDLY (adj)
energy
TO RECYCLE

= = WATER

TO POLLUTE TO WASTE NATURAL


OIL
RESOURCES

CHEMICAL POLLUTION GAS


POLLUTION (noun) WASTE (noun)
ACID RAIN

OIL SLICK =
marea
negra

TO EXTINGUISH
GLOBAL WARMING SEVERE DROUGHT =
grave sequía = FLOOD = inundación

= TO CONSERVE =
proteger CONSERVATION AREA =
zona protegida
EXTINCTION (noun) EXTINCT (adj)

TO STARVE STARVATION (noun)


ENDANGERED
SPECIES THE FIGHT FOR
SURVIVAL
Better to have loved and lost,
than never to have loved at all!

The newlyweds TO DIVORCE


Nothing ventured ,
Bridesmaid Bride Groom Best man TO SEPARATE nothing gained

Church wedding / TO GET MARRIED TO SPLIT UP =


Civil marriage TO BREAK
TO BE ENGAGED UP

TO CHEAT ON sb
TO KISS TO BE IN LOVE WITH sb
TO FALL IN LOVE WITH sb
TO HUG Unfaithful Lover

TO PICK UP a girl/ a ONE-NIGHT STAND = Womanizer TO MISS


boy = ligar ligue de una noche

LOVE AFFAIR =
TO FLIRT = flirtear ROMANCE DISAPPOINTMENT IN LOVE =
amor fracasado

FRIENDSHIP = TO RELY ON = TO TRUST TO LET DOWN a friend


friendly
relationship
TO KEEP A SECRET
Pen friend
TO DO A FAVOUR/
Close friend Best friend TO DO A SERVICE
TO RAISE MONEY FOR: recaudar dinero para (v) FOR CHARITY (n):
para obras benéficas

A SUM OF MONEY: una cantidad de dinero (n) CASH : dinero en efectivo (n)

TO INHERIT: herederar (v) HEIR (TO): heredero de (n) RECEIPT (n) :


Recibo, ticket
something. FROM someone HEIRESS (TO): heredera de

INCOME (n): ingresos FORTUNE: fortuna (n) = WEALTH: riqueza (n)

LUCKY: afortunado (adj) = FORTUNATE: afortunado (adj)


WEALTHY: rico (adj)

TO SUCCEED: triunfar(v)
GRANT: beca (n)
RICH: rico (adj)
To get a grant from the Government: =
conseguir una beca del Gobierno SUCCESS: éxito (n)

MILLIONAIRE:
SUCCESSFUL: De éxito,
CHANCE of doing something: millonario (n)
favorable (adj)
Oportunidad de hacer algo(n)
SUCCESSFULLY: con éxito, SAFE: LOTTERY:
satisfactoriamente (adv) Caja fuerte (n) lotería(n)

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