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Socio-Cultural Foundation

of Education

Guillian P. Baldevia

What is Culture? .

language. values. Calhoun et al 1994 . knowledge. artifacts. and symbols that are constantly communicated among people who share a common way of life.Culture is the learned norms.

dance. art. science.Culture is the sum total of symbols. Johnson. music. religious ritual and technology. forms of expressions. ideas. values. 1996 . and material products associated with a collective way of life reflected in such ways things as beliefs. literature.

values. Ember. attitudes. 1999 .Culture is defined as a set of learned behaviors. and ideals that are characteristics of a particular society or population. beliefs.

Blackwell.Culture means a body of artistic and intellectual work of agreed value. 2000 . disseminate and regulate it. along with the institutions which produce.

beliefs and practices which constitute the way of life of a specific group. Blackwell 2000 .Culture can be loosely summarized as the complex of values. customs.

systems. values. and habits. Needle. symbols. norms. language. beliefs. 2004 .Culture also includes the organization's vision. assumptions.

Functions of Culture .

. Culture helps the individual fulfill his potential as a human being. 3. food and shelter. nation and class. Culture provides rules of proper conduct for living in a society. clothing. 2. 4. Through the development of culture. Culture also provides the individual his concept of family. man can overcome his physical disadvantages and allows him to provide himself with fire.1.

Elements of Culture .

• Values change over time. religion and social class. . • Values support beliefs. or specific statements of people hold to be true. which serve as broad guidelines of social living. ethnicity. Values • Values are defined standards of desirability. race. sex. goodness and beauty. • Values vary in age.

Norms • Norms are rules and expectations by which a society guides the behavior of its members. . • Norms are standards that define the obligatory and expected behaviors of people in various situations. • Norms change over time. • Norms reflect a society’s beliefs about correct and incorrect behaviors.

Sanctions • Sanctions take form of either rewards or punishments.negative sanctions – punishments . . • Sanctions are done to protect society from chaos.positive sanctions – rewards .

no matter how simple the culture may be. . and every human being is cultured. especially in the classroom. we all interact with others from quite different backgrounds from our own.Conclusion Every society has a culture. As our nation continues to change. in the sense of participating in some culture or other.