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What is SCADA

Supervisory Control &Data acquisition

A Scada system is one which facilitates an


operator to control a remote system and acquire
real time information from the remote location.
 Controland data acquisition can be from a
single point or from multiple points
SCADA components

•RTU(Remote Terminal Unit)

• Communication

•Control Centre

2
RTU 560 A Basic rack: contains CMU cards where
in all collected real time data is
transmitted to Control Centre through
communication
Extension Rack-1: contains DI
Basic Rack
cards, AI cards and AO card
Extension Rack-2: contains DO cards
EX.rack-1 Annunciation: Shows Feeder
operation status when operated
through SCADA
EX.rack-2
AC/DC converter: Converts 230VAC
to 48VDC
MIC- Meter Interface Card
MIC Annunciation
4 MCB’s ;
48V DC
AC/DC
converters DI- Digital input
DO-Digital output

MCB’s CHR-
UNIT INTERCONNECTIVITY

CMU card

CMU card, MIC,


8port Switch PAP2T and IDU are
IDU connected to the
8port-switch using
VSAT
LAN cable.
IDU is connected
to VSAT antenna
using RF cable.
PAP2T
MIC
RTU units Healthy indication

Power Rx ONLINE Power Port active


Synchronization Tx

Constant
constant Blinking

ERR flickering
Inform for constant ERR indication

A:Blink
L:Constant
IF (Inter Face )panel

MFT: Multi Function


transducer
It is interfaced with metering core of
CT & PT for MW, MVAR, Voltage,
RS-485port Frequency , Energy(Imp, Exp) etc
 RS-485 com port is used for serial
communication connected in Daisy
PT connector chain with RTU .
MODBUS protocol

CT connector
DO
Digital Control:
Wired for breakers remote operation
For Feeders it is wired for respective
TNC’s in C&R panel

TNC TC
Switch
CC

SCADA DO Command From RTU Relay


DI

Opto coupler:
It is having either 220 or 110V DC for Field input and
48V DC at RTU side
It isolates Input and output voltage

R
From To DI
potential cards of
indication RTU.
point.
SCADA OPERATION & INDICATION to DO OPERATION

Control for Device is indicated showing


‘Operated through SCADA’

05/19/18 KPTCL TCD 9


MIC connection from ETVM

To RTU

D+ D-
MIC

RS485
Tx-

Tx+

05/19/18 10
MIC
SUBSTATION AUTOMATION SYSTEM
SAS(Substation Automation System)
 Components of SAS:
 IED( Like BCU’s, Relay etc)
 HMI(Human Machine Inference)
 GPS Reciever(Global Positioning System)
 FO patch cables (Fiber optic )
 SWITCHES for connecting all IED’s with HMI
 Software for monitoring and Control of all the
Bays
PROTOCOLS

 MODBUS

 IEC-103

 IEC-61850

 IEC-104

In SAS ,IEC-61850 is used as standard protocol


because of the advantage of the Interoperability
(Different OEM IED’s can be integrated to the SAS
system)
Substation Automation System for EHV Application

Typical Distributed Architecture --- New S/S

Control Room with Operator’s Engineer’s


Work Station LDC RCC
Work station
Station Level Equipment's Station Level Gate Way

G
P
S

High Speed 10 / 100 MBPS Ethernet LAN

IEC-61850
Fiber optic Cables Fiber optic Cables

IED’s in Switch yard


Switchyard Room Switchyard Room
10 / 100 MBPS LAN 10 / 100 MBPS LAN

BCU’s

400KV Protection 220KV Protection


Substation Automation System for EHV Application having
Bay KIOSK Module

KPTCL 25 AUG
Substation Automation System for EHV Application
Bay IEDs in Switchyard
ADVANTAGES OF SAS
 Realtime information available for
monitoring and Control at Station Level.
 Uses
less monitoring interference for the
Measurand and status.
 Time Synch of all IED’s.
 Alarmand events for any signal can be
configured.
Thank you