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4.

CONSTRUCTION CLASSIFICATION
by Categories and Classes of Importance

Construction facilities may classified in various
categories and classes according to different criteria.
The most significant one is by their “importance”;
- Categories of importance – are based on global
criteria, describing the construction facility as a whole,
taking into account various aspects;
- Classes of importance – are based on narrow
(specific) describing the construction facility as a
whole or its sub-systems, taking into account specific
features (ex. Seismic behavior, Fire resistance, etc.).

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For a given facility, the category of importance should
be correlated with the classes of importance, by:

- Designer – in case of new construction facilities;
- Designer or Technical Expert – existing constr. facilities.

The ultimate goal is to determine an appropriate quality
system in order to satisfy the client and statutory/legal
requirements.

The higher the category of importance:
- The higher the classes of importance;
- The higher the requirements for quality systems
within the participant organizations on the
procurement chain.
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Art. pct. Metodologie de stabilire a categoriei de importanta a constructiilor) 3 . -Ordinul 31/N din 1995 . 766/1997 pentru aprobarea unor regulamente privind calitatea în construcţii. c) .R.1 Categories of importance Categories of importance for building facilities should be established according to the provisions of: -H. 4.Regulament privind stabilirea categoriei de importanta a constructiilor.1.Stabilirea categoriei de importanţă a construcţiilor.G.

• Determine the specific duties and liabilities of individuals and organizations with regard to the following aspects: • Risk degree induced by safety and health requirements – reflects the building impact on society and environment. The goal of classifying buildings by their categories of importance should refer to: • Obtain an appropriate quality level by fulfillment of the stated requirements. • Destination and use pattern of the building. 4 . • Building Complexity and Financial efforts.

Constructions of normal importance (C).Constructions of low importance (D). . technical report. etc. 5 . . that should be specified in various documents describing that construction. Every construction facility is established a particular category of importance. such as: construction permit.Constructions of special importance (B).Constructions of exceptional importance (A). construction log book. Constructions are listed in one of the four following categories of importance: . .

see NE012-2). as follows : . * degree of awareness in assesing/verifying the design documents according to essential requirements (see – Ordin 77/N/1996). * correlation with quality system complexity of the parties involved (designer.The Category of importance induces differentiation in approaching quality meters. * degree of awareness in rewiewing the construction performances when handing-over (see HG 273/1994). 6 . contractor . * degree of awareness in monitoring the construction facility (see P130/1999).Differentiation of quality requirements related to the project: * correlation with construction classes of importance.

c) Risk prevention – by selecting a proper category of importance which will lead to proper levels of quality requirements for the project. tacking into consideration: .the complexity of works related to its design. . execution and operation. Principles for establishing the Category of importance a) Construction is considered in a global approach. b) Construction impact upon the social. 7 . economic. cultural and landscape environment.its functions and characteristics.

A particular care should be taken in case of existing buildings. 8 . architecture. environment) have influenced the construction behavior on time and the extend of the works to be done to meet actual quality and functional requirements. – The way in which the initial local conditions (soil. as well.Categories of importance are established for new constructions and for existing one. in terms of: – The significance in Romanian history. archaeology and culture. on the basis of the same principles.

9 . .3 associated criteria for each determinant factor. Determinant factors and associated criteria In order to establish the Category of importance for a construction should be considered: .6 determinant factors.

REQUIRED III) Special requirements to operate the facility due to its particular functions. ECOLOGIC 3 II) Degree of alteration of the natural and built environment. CONDITIONS III) Degree in which local conditions determine special care in construction operation 5 CONSIDERATION and maintenance. 10 . RESOURCES II) Complexity of the activities required to maintain the construction performances over 6 the life span. 2 AND CULTURAL II) Degree in which construction functions influence community. I) Dimension of community addressing the construction functions/services or its SOCIAL. (soil. IMPLICATION iii) Degree of positive influence in protection and restoration of the natural and built environment. I) Degree in which the construction and operation of the facility influence the natural and built environment. 1 VITAL IMPORTANCE ii) People indirectly affected in case of construction dysfunctions. neighbors) I) Labor and materials required in construction the facility. II) Degree in which the structural performances of the construction subsystems EXTEND OF depend on knowledge of future evolution of stresses affecting the construction 4 CONSTRUCTION LIFE during operation stage. I) Degree in which structural solutions depend on local conditions. environment. NECESSITY LOCAL II) Degree in which local conditions are expected to change over time. iii) Dangerous evolution of dysfunctions effects. I) Intended use duration. IMPORTANCE III) Type and degree of construction functions. SPAN III) Degree in which functional performances depend on evolution of owners future requirements.No Determinant factors Associated criteria i) People directly affected in case of construction dysfunctions . ECONOMIC values/goods hosted inside.

will depend on the Category of importance of the facility and the Client expectations: The higher the Category of importance and/or Client requirements . • The extend and degree of Performance requirements. considered by design. 11 . at the time of design.The higher the degree of Performance requirements. regardless the construction category of importance. Metodology to establish the Category of importance PREMISES: • The Design of construction should ensure meeting the minimum level of building performances stipulated by codes and regulations.

Final review and set of Category of importance. 2. as efficiently as possible. Preliminary set of Category of Importance.• The actual (in use) Performances (Actual quality) should meet the initial (desired) Requirements. STEPS: 1. 4. 12 . Analyze the construction characteristics based on the Determinant factors and their associated criteria. 3. Establish the score for each associated criterion and then calculate the final total score of each Determinant factor.

contract clauses.. etc. cost and construction duration. capacity. related to: . legal provisions. etc. c) Estimate the possible consequences of the project (especially industrial buildings) on the environment and neighbors. use duration. etc. . shocks.1.Existing facilities: Construction log book. estimate resource. corrosive agents. other related technical studies. The above Estimation is based on: . and their evolution in time. materials and products to be used.special loads/effects induced by facility: vibrations. temperature. b) Estimate the possible consequences on the project due to local conditions. 13 .New constructions: Client requirements brief. noise. technical solutions. Analyze the construction characteristics : a) Review the input data with refer to: functions.

14 . Establish the score for each associated criterion and then calculate the final total score of each Determinant factor The score for each Determinant factor is established using the formula bellow (1. Usually = 1. ki = Criterion importance coefficient (reflects the unicity feature of the construction) .1. in case of particular or listed or unique constructions. pi = Score of each associated criterion (i = 1 ÷ n = 3) . Pm = Determinant factor “m” score. m =1÷6.according to criterion influence see Tabel 2).): n k i  pi Pm  i 1 n where: m = Contor for determinant factors. n = Number of associated criteria for each determinant factor (n = 3).2. but may be increased up to maximum 2. Note: The determinant factor’ s score is rounded to the following natural number.

2) 6 PT = P m 1 m 15 .Tabel 2: Associate criteria scoring Estimated level of criterion influence Criterion score “pi” Unexistent 0 Reduced 1 Medium 2 Consistent 4 Considerable 6________ Construction Total Score (PT) is determined using formula (1.

. Preliminary set of Category of Importance Preliminary set of the Construction Category of Importance is undertaken tacking into consideration the standard scale of importance scores provided by Table 3.(B) 18 – 29 Normal I. Table 3: Standard scale of importance scores Category of importance Total score Exceptional I.(D) ≤5 16 . . . 3. .(A) ≥ 30 Special I.(C) 6 – 17 Low I.

IMPORTANT: Once the Category of Importance has been set. 17 . in an explicit way. If variations are considered. it will be mentioned/written in the design documents (technical reports and drawings). Final review and set of Category of importance A final review is required in order to check whether the category of importance established reflects the total features of the facility.4. then the degree of importance may be changed on the basis of a solid motivation.

2 Classes of importance A construction may be classified in various “Classes of importance” according specific consideration provided by Construction Regulations. Fire Design Code P118/1999. SR EN 1990/2004 – Basis of structural design. P 100/1-2006 classifies constructions in 4 classes of importance according to their expected behavior in case of seismic action (Table 4) by the use of an “Importance factor - γI” that will influence the dimension of the Seismic force. For example. etc. in calculul rezultantei incarcarilor seismice orizontale (forta taietoare de baza) 18 . Codes and Standards such as: Seismic Design Code P 100/1-2006. ”gama I”. 4.

Public buildings. . national security. 1. theatres. I . . 19 . . Class of Description I importance Buildings having essential functions. Buildings whose seismic behavior is important for comunity and occupants: . having more then 150 people II exposed.2 . . Concert halls. Block of flats with more than 400 people exposed.Penitentiaries.Fire stations. Museums.0 and IV. II. III Current buildings. Nurseries.8 importance. 1.Buildings hosting institutions with major contribution in management of desasters. having more then 200 people exposed. Low importance buildings for public safety. etc. Police stations. other then those listed in Classes I.Conference halls.Old people hostels. other than those mentioned in Class I. agricultural buildings. having low occupancy degree/little economic IV 0. . having more then 200 people exposed.4 . Resque headquarters. etc.Power stations and related facilities.Listed buildings. whose integrity during earthquake is vital for comunity: .Hospitals and related facilities. 1. . and others. .Hospitals.Schools. single family facilities.

soluţia propune restaurarea şi reabilitarea celor două corpuri de clădiri existente. CORP A ŞI B. GENERALITĂŢI Soluţia de restaurare şi refuncţionalizare a clădirii s-a întocmit urmărind refuncţionalizarea imobilului pentru a deservi Centrul pentru Acţiuni de Salvare şi Prevenire a Dezastrelor Bacău. (FOSTA BIBLIOTECĂ JUDEȚEANĂ BACĂU) . Din analiza efectuată conform TEMEI DE PROIECTARE.Municipiul Bacău 1. 20 . învecinându-se de asemenea cu un frumos parc de-a lungul căruia se află dispuse mai multe obiective administrative ale municipiului . STUDIU DE CAZ PENTRU STABILIREA CATEGORIEI DE IMPORTANŢĂ Lucrarea: CONSOLIDARE ŞI REABILITARE CENTRU PENTRU ACŢIUNI DE SALVARE ŞI PREVENIRE A DEZASTRELOR. Corpul A. iar al doilea corp. fiind modificat şi înfrumuseţat în 1890. adiacent primului a fost construit în 1896. Amplasamentul propus în temă se află în zona centrală a municipiului Bacău. are o vechime de peste 150 de ani.

1 2 2 2 2 5=Adapt la cond locale 1 2 4 1 1 6=Volumul de resurse impl. deci PT = 18 si Cat.Cat. 1 2 2 2 2 TOTAL PUNCTAJ : PT= 17 . Vitala 1 4 2 4 6 2=Import. = Normala (C ) = (6 – 17) ?? Daca macar p(2. atunci P2 = 5. STABILIREA CATEGORIEI DE IMPORTANTA FACTORI DETERMINANŢI PUNCTAJ FACTOR CRITERII ASOCIATE n m=1-6 k i  pi (p = 0/1/2/4/6) Pm  i 1 n k(i) P(m) p(i ) p(ii) p(iii) 1=Import. Soc – Ec si Cult 1 4 4 1 ??? 6 3=Import. Ecologică 1 3 1 ?? 1 ?? 6 4=Neces luarii in cons a Dur. = Speciala (B) 21 .ii) – “Degree in which construction functions influence community” ar fi fost apreciata corect cu 4 sau 6 puncte. Imp. Imp.