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4.

CONSTRUCTION CATEGORIES
AND CLASSES BY IMPORTANCE
Construction facilities may classified in various
categories and classes according to different
criteria. The most significant one is by their
“importance”;
- Categories of importance – are based on global
criteria, describing the construction facility as a
whole, taking into account various aspects;
- Classes of importance – are based on narrow
(specific) describing the construction facility as a
whole or its sub-systems, taking into account
specific features (ex. Seismic behavior, Fire
resistance, etc.). 1

For a given facility, the category of importance should
be correlated with the classes of importance, by:

- Designer – in case of new construction facilities;
- Designer or Technical Expert – existing constr. facilities.

The ultimate goal is to determine an appropriate quality
system in order to satisfy the client and statutory/legal
requirements.

The higher the category of importance:
- The higher the classes of importance;
- The higher the requirements for quality systems
within the participant organizations on the
procurement chain.
2

766/1997 pentru aprobarea unor regulamente privind calitatea în construcţii. pct.Regulament privind stabilirea categoriei de importanta a constructiilor.Ordinul 31/N din 1995 . 4. Metodologie de stabilire a categoriei de importanta a constructiilor) 3 .R.G. c) - Stabilirea categoriei de importanţă a construcţiilor. Art.1 Categories of importance Categories of importance for building facilities should be established according to the provisions of: .1. .H.

• Destination and use pattern of the building. • Determine the specific duties and liabilities of individuals and organizations with regard to the following aspects: • Risk degree induced by safety and health requirements – reflects the building impact on society and environment. 4 . • Building Complexity and Financial efforts. The goal of classifying buildings by their categories of importance should refer to: • Obtain an appropriate quality level by fulfillment of the stated requirements.

. Constructions are listed in one of the four following categories of importance: .Constructions of low importance (D). technical report. 5 . Every construction facility is established a particular category of importance.Constructions of special importance (B). . construction log book. .Constructions of normal importance (C).Constructions of exceptional importance (A). etc. that should be specified in various documents describing that construction. such as: construction permit.

* degree of awareness in assesing/verifying the design documents according to essential requirements. 6 . contractor). * degree of awareness in monitoring the construction facility. * correlation with quality system complexity of the parties involved (designer.Differentiation of quality requirements related to the project: * correlation with construction classes of importance. * degree of awareness in rewiewing the construction performances when handing-over. as follows : .The Category of importance induces differentiation in approaching quality meters.

b) Construction impact upon the social. Principles for establishing the Category of importance a) Construction is considered in a global approach. economic. .its functions and characteristics. tacking into consideration: . 7 .the complexity of works related to its design. execution and operation. c) Risk prevention – by selecting a proper category of importance which will lead to proper levels of quality requirements for the project. cultural and landscape environment.

archaeology and culture. in terms of: – The significance in Romanian history. – The way in which the initial local conditions (soil. as well. on the basis of the same principles.Categories of importance are established for new constructions and for existing one. environment) have influenced the construction behavior on time and the extend of the works to be done to meet actual quality and functional requirements. 8 . A particular care should be taken in case of existing buildings. architecture.

3 associated criteria for each determinant factor.6 determinant factors. Determinant factors and associated criteria In order to establish the Category of importance for a construction should be considered: . 9 . .

REQUIRED III) Special requirements to operate the facility due to its particular functions. CONDITIONS III) Degree in which local conditions determine special care in construction operation 5 CONSIDERATION and maintenance. I) Degree in which the construction and operation of the facility influence the natural and built environment. SPAN III) Degree in which functional performances depend on evolution of owners future requirements. I) Dimension of community addressing the construction functions/services or its SOCIAL. ECOLOGIC 3 II) Degree of alteration of the natural and built environment. ECONOMIC values/goods hosted inside. I) Intended use duration. environment. IMPLICATION iii) Degree of positive influence in protection and restoration of the natural and built environment. RESOURCES II) Complexity of the activities required to maintain the construction performances over 6 the life span.No Determinant factors Associated criteria i) People directly affected in case of construction dysfunctions . II) Degree in which the structural performances of the construction subsystems EXTEND OF depend on knowledge of future evolution of stresses affecting the construction 4 CONSTRUCTION LIFE during operation stage. I) Degree in which structural solutions depend on local conditions. 2 AND CULTURAL II) Degree in which construction functions influence community. (soil. 1 VITAL IMPORTANCE ii) People indirectly affected in case of construction dysfunctions. neighbors) I) Labor and materials required in construction the facility. iii) Dangerous evolution of dysfunctions effects. IMPORTANCE III) Type and degree of construction functions. NECESSITY LOCAL II) Degree in which local conditions are expected to change over time. 10 .

considered by design. will depend on the Category of importance of the facility and the Client expectations: The higher the Category of importance and/or Client requirements . 11 . regardless the construction category of importance.The higher the degree of Performance requirements. • The extend and degree of Performance requirements. Metodology to establish the Category of importance PREMISES: • The Design of construction should ensure meeting the minimum level of building performances stipulated by codes and regulations. at the time of design.

Analyze the construction characteristics based on the Determinant factors and their associated criteria. 3. STEPS: 1. as efficiently as possible.• The actual (in use) Performances (Actual quality) should meet the initial (desired) Requirements. Preliminary set of Category of Importance. 2. Establish the score for each associated criterion and then calculate the final total score of each Determinant factor. 4. 12 . Final review and set of Category of importance.

b) Estimate the possible consequences on the project due to local conditions. use duration. capacity. contract clauses. corrosive agents.1.Existing facilities: Construction log book. noise. other related technical studies. etc. related to: .. and their evolution in time. shocks. etc. materials and products to be used. legal provisions. The above Estimation is based on: .New constructions: Client requirements brief. technical solutions. etc. cost and construction duration. .special loads/effects induced by facility: vibrations. temperature. Analyze the construction characteristics : a) Review the input data with refer to: functions. c) Estimate the possible consequences of the project (especially industrial buildings) on the environment and neighbors. estimate resource. 13 .

according to criterion influence see Tabel 2). Establish the score for each associated criterion and then calculate the final total score of each Determinant factor The score for each Determinant factor is established using the formula bellow (1. Pm = Determinant factor “m” score.2.1. ki = Criterion importance coefficient (reflects the unicity feature of the construction) . Usually = 1. pi = Score of each associated criterion (i = 1 ÷ n = 3) . but may be increased up to maximum 2. n = Number of associated criteria for each determinant factor (n = 3). in case of particular or listed or unique constructions. m =1÷6. 14 . Note: The determinant factor’ s score is rounded to the following natural number.): n k i  pi Pm  i 1 n where: m = Contor for determinant factors.

Tabel 2: Associate criteria scoring Estimated level of criterion influence Criterion score “pi” Unexistent 0 Reduced 1 Medium 2 Consistent 4 Considerable 6________ Construction Total Score (PT) is determined using formula (1.2) 6 PT = P m 1 m 15 .

. Preliminary set of Category of Importance Preliminary set of the Construction Category of Importance is undertaken tacking into consideration the standard scale of importance scores provided by Table 3.(A) ≥ 30 Special I.(D) ≤5 16 .(C) 6 – 17 Low I. .(B) 18 – 29 Normal I. 3. . . Table 3: Standard scale of importance scores Category of importance Total score Exceptional I.

it will be mentioned/written in the design documents (technical reports and drawings). 17 .4. IMPORTANT: Once the Category of Importance has been set. Final review and set of Category of importance A final review is required in order to check whether the category of importance established reflects the total features of the facility. in an explicit way. then the degree of importance may be changed on the basis of a solid motivation. If variations are considered.

Fire Design Code P118/1999. P 100/1-2006 classifies constructions in 4 classes of importance according to their expected behavior in case of seismic action (Table 4) by the use of an “Importance factor - γI” that will influence the dimension of the Seismic force. ”gama I”. Codes and Standards such as: Seismic Design Code P 100/1-2006.2 Classes of importance A construction may be classified in various “Classes of importance” according specific consideration provided by Construction Regulations. For example. etc. 4. in calculul rezultantei incarcarilor seismice orizontale (forta taietoare de baza) 18 . SR EN 1990/2004 – Basis of structural design.

Old people hostels. Buildings whose seismic behavior is important for comunity and occupants: . having more then 200 people exposed. . Block of flats with more than 400 people exposed. whose integrity during earthquake is vital for comunity: . etc. national security. .Conference halls.Public buildings. 1. Class of Description I importance Buildings having essential functions.Listed buildings.Buildings hosting institutions with major contribution in management of desasters. having more then 150 people II exposed.0 and IV.Power stations and related facilities. agricultural buildings.Fire stations.2 .Penitentiaries. Museums. 1. . and others. III Current buildings. Nurseries. I . 19 .Hospitals. II. Concert halls. having more then 200 people exposed. theatres. having low occupancy degree/little economic IV 0. other than those mentioned in Class I. other then those listed in Classes I. etc.8 importance. .Schools.Hospitals and related facilities. Low importance buildings for public safety. . . . Resque headquarters.4 . single family facilities. Police stations. 1.

Amplasamentul propus în temă se află în zona centrală a municipiului Bacău. fiind modificat şi înfrumuseţat în 1890. GENERALITĂŢI Soluţia de restaurare şi refuncţionalizare a clădirii s-a întocmit urmărind refuncţionalizarea imobilului pentru a deservi Centrul pentru Acţiuni de Salvare şi Prevenire a Dezastrelor Bacău. Din analiza efectuată conform TEMEI DE PROIECTARE. învecinându-se de asemenea cu un frumos parc de-a lungul căruia se află dispuse mai multe obiective administrative ale municipiului . STUDIU DE CAZ PENTRU STABILIREA CATEGORIEI DE IMPORTANŢĂ Lucrarea: CONSOLIDARE ŞI REABILITARE CENTRU PENTRU ACŢIUNI DE SALVARE ŞI PREVENIRE A DEZASTRELOR. 20 . CORP A ŞI B. (FOSTA BIBLIOTECĂ JUDEȚEANĂ BACĂU) . adiacent primului a fost construit în 1896. are o vechime de peste 150 de ani. soluţia propune restaurarea şi reabilitarea celor două corpuri de clădiri existente.Municipiul Bacău 1. Corpul A. iar al doilea corp.

deci PT = 18 si Cat. 1 2 2 2 2 TOTAL PUNCTAJ : PT= 17 . STABILIREA CATEGORIEI DE IMPORTANTA FACTORI DETERMINANŢI PUNCTAJ FACTOR CRITERII ASOCIATE n m=1-6 k i  pi (p = 0/1/2/4/6) Pm  i 1 n k(i) P(m) p(i ) p(ii) p(iii) 1=Import. 1 2 2 2 2 5=Adapt la cond locale 1 2 4 1 1 6=Volumul de resurse impl. Imp. = Normala (C ) = (6 – 17) ?? Daca macar p(2.Cat. Soc – Ec si Cult 1 4 4 1 ??? 6 3=Import. Imp. atunci P2 = 5.ii) – “Degree in which construction functions influence community” ar fi fost apreciata corect cu 4 sau 6 puncte. Ecologică 1 3 1 ?? 1 ?? 6 4=Neces luarii in cons a Dur. Vitala 1 4 2 4 6 2=Import. = Speciala (B) 21 .