You are on page 1of 39

  


 
   



   
    

M    
    
  
 


  
  
   
   
  

  
   
  
    
  
  
 
 
 
 

   

 
  
    


   
  
  M    

         
 
          
 

 
  !    
þ  
   
Industrial agriculture is a form of modern farming that
refers to the industrialized production of livestock,
poultry, fish, and crops. The methods of industrial
agriculture are technoscientific, economic, and political.
They include innovation in agricultural machinery and
farming methods, genetic technology, techniques for
achieving economies of scale in production, the creation
of new markets for consumption, the application of
patent protection to genetic information, and global
trade. These methods are widespread in developed
nations and increasingly prevalent worldwide.
¢

þ 
Industrial agriculture is a form of modern farming that
refers to the industrialized production of livestock,
poultry, fish, and crops. The methods of industrial
agriculture are technoscientific, economic, and political.
They include innovation in agricultural machinery and
farming methods, genetic technology, techniques for
achieving economies of scale in production, the creation
of new markets for consumption, the application of
patent protection to genetic information, and global
trade. These methods are widespread in developed
nations and increasingly prevalent worldwide.
 

    
„  
£#
      
 

  *
      

£#

    

  
 
  
   

£#
      
  
  


  $ %  &   %

& 
  '
 
&
 
£ #
 
   
  (   

 ( 
      

 ) 
  
 
.
£M  "             
     
 
    
ë + ++   +

M
 +  

w     

 
  


 

' ++ 
 ++
) +
+  

M+   + +
  ++ +++

! +
  + + ++++
 +) +
  
þ + + + 
++ +
,+,+, +
+

+  
++
+

+
+,+,+
 
£    
   

  
   
£     




     
   


  
£ !  
     )

  
£ þ    
   , ,
,  

   




, , 
    

       

"    



 


   
    .
¢ 

 

„
The major challenges and issues faced by
society concerning industrial agriculture
include:
Maximizing the benefits:
£Cheap and plentiful food
£Convenience for the consumer
£The contribution to our economy on
many levels, from growers to harvesters to
processors to sellers
£while minimizing the downsides:
£Ynvironmental and social costs
£Damage to fisheries
£Cleanup of surface and groundwater
polluted with animal waste
£Increased health risks from pesticides
£Increased ozone pollution and global
warming from heavy use of fossil
fuels[10]
Indian agriculture still suffers from:-
- oor productivity.
-alling water levels.
-Yxpensive credit.
- distorted market.
-Many intermediaries who increase cost but do not
add much value.
-aws that stifle private investment.
-Controlled prices.
- oor infrastructure.
- roduce that does not meet international standards.
-Inappropriate research.
 

   
 
 
›   
 

   
 


 
  

  

     


    
 

      


  !"
#  
 

 
$  
 

 % &  &'

&› 
¢    þ

   
   
£M      (    

  
 
  

£M        


 


 
    
 
 
       
ë   
' 
  
£M++ +" + +  +
+ +
  ++,+ +
 
+
+ +
++ +   + ++þ

+
  
+

£M  
! 
 ë  
  
-!ë.   

 M 
 


£M  
 
    / ,
 0

%
  
   ) 
  
þ  1$ /
2,   #   0   


      
 
 


£M+
 + +
+ 
+
+ +" +
 +
+ + 
+ + +3
2þ

+

  
+ +  + +wë+   +
+ +
+ +
+ +
£M   
    "  

 
 
    
 
 
 
  
   
 

 

 
  

£% +  
+ +
 +!

+ë  
+
  +-!'M.+ ++ 
++ +

 +
M 
  +
+
+ +
 2+ +
+1 +  
+1$+ +
 
++! 
+
+3 +/
 
+%M+
£M++ ++
 
+

+

 ++ +
 
+ +  
+ +

 
þ    V Ê Ê

Ê Ê Ê

  
+$ & '
  

   ,  !

  

  ) *     
  „ 
  „ +$ + 

 
 
  %& +$ + 
  

   !   -###
 !

! . 
& '

      !   

 /
  !  !
 ¢ ! 
 "#####  (#####
   $%
 
 & '
  

  !
„   " #
„ $   
%„&
'„ ( 
 (#)*##
 

ë     
 


        

       

    
       



      


   
   




    „
   

  
 



 

   „ 
  
   


  


  

      



¢
þ  
£ " 
 , ¢ 
, -  .      $    
    )   „
£ & ¢ 
/ -    .   $  0!  0  
$ $ +   ,
£'%&4#ë#, %4 #56!#'#4M
!ëw3/#',
'" 

    
 

)
 
  

£'%ë*#M !ëw3/#'
þ)


  

    
 


£ #/#MëM7
þ)
   

   
 

  
 ë'ù,