2 views

Uploaded by karu320

Curves

- 305864802-Lecture-5-0-Spiral-Curve.pdf
- Lettering Lecture_powerpoint.ppsx
- 4.12 TANGENTS
- Thesis Morenike Coker
- Review Paper
- 09thick Beams
- Euler_Method.pdf
- Chapter 14 H-Outs
- 011 Mathematics Fianl Exams Model 1 2011-2012
- Test 2 Review
- Iso Curvature Studia FINAL Print
- D3D Driving Cars Instructions
- 103_20160404025022
- Curvature 1
- Question 4
- Sarton
- 06-2-2
- Scientific Essay
- ENGN.2050-202_Assignment_15_Solution.pdf
- Mains_AITS_ Full + Extra Syllabus_Solution_1

You are on page 1of 30

Transportation Engineering

Instructor Dr. Norman Garrick

Hamed Ahangari

17th April 2014

1

Horizontal Curve

2

Elements

Δ– Intersection angle

R - Radius Δ

R

Δ

3

Δ = Deflection Angle PI

Δ

R = Radius of Circular Curve

T E T

L

L = Length of Curvature (L = EC – BC) EC

BC M (PT)

BC = Beginning of Curve (PC) (PC)

C

EC = End of Curve (PT)

PI = Point of Intersection R R

C = Chord Length

M = Middle Ordinate

E = External Distance

4

Basic Definitions

• BC = PI – T Δ

– PI = Point of Intersection

– T = Tangent

BC

(PC) EC

Δ

• EC = BC + L

– L = Length

5

Degree of Curvature

• D used to describe curves

• D defines Radius

• Arc Method:

– D/ Δ = 100/L (1)

(360/D)=100/(2R)

R = 5730/D (2)

6

Curve Calculations

Tangent T = R.tan(Δ /2) (4)

Chord C = 2R.sin(Δ /2) (5)

External Distance E = = R sec(Δ/2) – R (6)

Mid Ordinate M = R-R.cos(Δ /2)) (7)

7

Example 1

• A horizontal curve is designed with a 2000 ft.

radius. The tangent length is 500 ft. and the EC

station is 30+00. What are the BC and PI

stations?

8

Solution

• Since we know R and T we can use

T = R.tan(Δ /2) so Δ = 28.07 degrees

9

Example 2

A curve has external angle of 20.30’ degrees, a degree

of curvature is 2°30’ and the PI is at 175+00.

Calculate:

Radius

Length of Curve

BC and EC

Chord

External Distance

Mid Ordinate

10

Solution

• Given: D = 2°30’, Δ=22.30’

• Part i) Radius:

5730

R 2291.83

2.5

• Part ii ) Length of Curve

22.5

L 100 900.00

2.5

• Part iii ) BC and EC

22.5

T 2291.38 tan 455.87'

2

BC (175 00) (4 55.87) 171 44.13

EC (171 44.13) (9 00) 180 44.13 11

• Part iv ) Chord

22.5

C 2(2291.83) sin 894.23'

2

22.5

E 2291.83sec( 1 44.90'

2

22.5

M 2291.831 cos 44.04'

2

12

Example 3

The central angle for a curve is 30 degrees - the

radius of the circular curve selected for the location

is 2000 ft.

If a spiral with k=3 degrees is selected for use,

determine the

i) length of each spiral leg,

ii) total length of curve

iii) Spiral Central Angle

13

Spiral Curves

k = 100 D/ Ls

Δ = Δc + 2 Δs

Δs = Ls D / 200

http://www.nh.gov/dot/cadd/msv8/spiral.htm

14

Solution

• L = 100(Δ)/D = 100(30)/2.86 = 1047 ft.

Part i) Ls

k = 100 D/ Ls, 3=100*2.86/Ls

Ls= 95 ft

15

• Part ii) Total Length

Total Length of curve = length with no spiral + Ls

Total Length= 1047+95=1142 ft

Δs = Ls D / 200 Δs = 95*2.86/200= 1.35

Δs =1.35

Δc= Δ- 2*Δs=30-2*1.35

Δc = 27.30 degree

16

Vertical Curve

17

Horizontal Alignment

Vertical Alignment

Crest Curve

G2 G3

G1

Sag Curve 18

Design of Vertical Curves

BVC

Parabolic Curve

G1

G2

EVC

L/2 PI

L/2

L

Rate of change of curvature: K = L / |A|

Rate of change of grade: r = (g2 - g1) / L

y = y0 + g1x + 1/2 rx2

where,

y0 = elevation at the BVC g = grade expressed as a ratio

x = horizontal distance from BVC r = rate of change of grade (ratio) 20

Example 1

• The length of a tangent vertical curve equal to 500 m.

The initial and final grades are 2.5% and -1.5%

respectively. The grades intersect at the station 10+400

and at an elevation of 210.00 m

• Determine:

a)the station and the elevation of the BVC and EVC points

b) the elevation of the point on the curve 100 and 300 meters from

the BVC point

c) the station and the elevation of the highest point on the curve

21

PI

EVC

BVC

2.5% -1.5%

22

Solution

• Part a) the station and the elevation of the

BVC and EVC points

– Station-BVC= 10400-250=10150~10+150

– Station-EVC=10400+250=10650~10+650

– Elevation-EVC= 210-0.015*250= 206.25 m

23

• Part b) the elevation of the point on the curve

100 and 300 meters from the BVC point.

y = y0 + g1.x + 1/2 .r.x^2,

y0= 203.75, g1= 0.025

– r=(g2-g1)/L

– r=(-0.015-(0.025))/500=-0.04/500

r=-0.00008

y(100)=203.75+0.025*100-0.00004*100^2

y(100) = 205.85

y(300)= 207.65

24

• Part c) the station and the elevation of the

highest point on the curve

– The highest point can be estimated by setting the first

derivative of the parabola as zero.

• Set dy/dx=0,

dy/dx= 0.025-0.0008*x=0

X=0.025/0.00008= 312.5

y(312.5) = 203.75+0.025*31.25-0.00004*(31.25)^2

y(312.5)= 207.65

25

Example 2

• For a vertical curve we know that G1=-4%, G2=-1%,

PI: Station 20+00, Elevation: 200’, L=300’

• Determine:

i)K and r

ii) station of BVC and EVC

iii) elevation of point at a distance, L/4, from BVC

iv) station of turning point

v) elevation of turning point

vi) elevation of mid-point of each curve

vii) grade at the mid-point of each curve

26

Solution -4%

• i) K and r -1%

– K = L / |A|

– A=G2-G1, A=-4-(-1)=-3

K=300/3=100

– r=(g2-g1)/L

– r=(-0.01-(-0.04))/300=0.03/300

r=0.0001

27

• ii) station of BVC and EVC

– L=300’, L/2=150’

– BVC= 2000-150=1850’, ~ 18+50

– EVC= 2000+150=2150’, ~ 21+50

– y = y0 + g1.x + 1/2 r.x^2,

– r= -0.0001, g1=0.04

– y0=200+150*0.04=206

y=206-0.04x+0.00005.x^2

L/4~ x=75

Y(75)=203.28’

28

• iv) station of turning point

– at turning point: dy/dx=0

– dy=dx=- 0.04+0.0001x=0

x(turn)=400’

– x=400’

– Y (400) = 206-0.04*(150)+0.00005.(150)^2

Y(400)=198’

(Turning point is not in the curve)

29

• vi) elevation of mid-point

– x=150’

– Y(150)= 206-0.04*(150)+0.00005.(150)^2

y (150)=201.12’

– Grade at every points: dy/dx= =- 0.04+0.0001x

– if x= 150 Grade (150)=-0.04+0.0001*150

grade(150)= -0.025

30

- 305864802-Lecture-5-0-Spiral-Curve.pdfUploaded byJohn Carlo Raquiño
- Lettering Lecture_powerpoint.ppsxUploaded byJames Philip Gaddi
- 4.12 TANGENTSUploaded byWalter Ethan
- Thesis Morenike CokerUploaded byHuu Tran
- Review PaperUploaded bydhiraj patil
- 09thick BeamsUploaded byDeepak Chachra
- Euler_Method.pdfUploaded byFauzi Abas
- Chapter 14 H-OutsUploaded byMei Qii
- 011 Mathematics Fianl Exams Model 1 2011-2012Uploaded byAbdulmajid Osman
- Test 2 ReviewUploaded byBen Thames
- Iso Curvature Studia FINAL PrintUploaded byDDelik
- D3D Driving Cars InstructionsUploaded byTialoc
- 103_20160404025022Uploaded byMarc Lin Felicio Abonales
- Curvature 1Uploaded byAnkur Singh
- Question 4Uploaded bygladys
- SartonUploaded byMalgrin2012
- 06-2-2Uploaded byRic Koba
- Scientific EssayUploaded by: Dr. EMAD KAYYAM.
- ENGN.2050-202_Assignment_15_Solution.pdfUploaded byVenkat Dalai
- Mains_AITS_ Full + Extra Syllabus_Solution_1Uploaded byRobin Chadha
- resistencia.Uploaded byPaula Sibaja
- CircleUploaded byJohn Masefield
- Weigel Topographical TurnUploaded byallabourdette
- yearly plan mathematics at work 10 student viewUploaded byapi-235163229
- thermal-tut.pdfUploaded bylayiro2
- Cut Locus and Medial Axis in Global Shape Interrogation and Representation Mitt93002Uploaded bymtx993
- circles.pdfUploaded byChong Xue Er
- Practice Paper 3 (Questions and Solutions_draft)Uploaded byRohith Srinivas
- 030 DimensionUploaded byNeoHooda
- Space Place Landscape IntroUploaded bysampurna das

- Basic Concepts in Engineering MetallurgyUploaded bykaru320
- AccessUploaded bykaru320
- AccessUploaded bykaru320
- PartnerUploaded bykaru320
- TutorialUploaded bykaru320
- HistUploaded bykaru320
- DESIGN OF MACHINE ELEMENTS.pdfUploaded byMohammedSafuvanKazhungil
- Official SSC CGL Recruitment Notification 2018Uploaded byKabya Srivastava
- GemstoneUploaded bykaru320
- hgjyUploaded bykaru320
- Noise Pollution LimitsUploaded byarunji76884
- Taste of MangoUploaded bykaru320
- honoUploaded bykaru320
- honoUploaded bykaru320
- 425202 Solution Week 9Uploaded byAriadne Chua
- DV06PUB6 Study GuideUploaded bykaru320
- Mechanics of Materials Chap 05-02.pdfUploaded bykaru320
- Chap4 StructuresUploaded bykaru320
- HonourUploaded bykaru320
- BananaUploaded bykaru320
- 382776_1_thrmles15Uploaded bykaru320
- Apple IncUploaded bykaru320
- GKUploaded bykaru320
- AppleUploaded bymvcs_gre20074860
- AppleUploaded bymvcs_gre20074860
- AppleUploaded bymvcs_gre20074860
- AppleUploaded bymvcs_gre20074860

- ET601!1!2 - Basic MATLAB Programming_2Uploaded byradhakodirekka8732
- Proceedings of ICVL 2010Uploaded byMarin Vlada
- Game TheoryUploaded byShankey
- The Kano Model - Michael D. LiebermanUploaded byintansatwika
- Understanding Net Positive Suction HeadUploaded byyoonchankim0911
- Commutative Algebra ArtinUploaded byEmmanureva
- Poverty and Foreign Aid Evidence from Recent Cross-Country DataUploaded byAsian Development Bank
- CFX-Intro 14.5 Appendix a TurboUploaded byShaheen S. Ratnani
- lab report finalUploaded byapi-266432054
- Statistics With LaboratoryUploaded byJoseph TheThird
- D. Higgins, Willie Taylor Bioinformatics Sequence, Structure and Databanks.pdfUploaded byalem010
- Java StringUploaded byNanduriraja Vijayakumar
- Ratio and ProprtionUploaded byNikita Sangal
- Hypothesis TestsUploaded byHenry Duna
- ch 09Uploaded byYusuf Hussein
- SarkisUploaded bybalajimeie
- Little Fourier TransformUploaded bytheninjapirate
- Solas ExplainatoryUploaded byHafiz Zulkifili
- MTAP 2015Uploaded byirec
- Logic, educationalUploaded bystreetba
- class 12 electrostatics Electricity and magnetism made simple notesUploaded bylplc791
- Einstein and the Kaluza-Klein ParticleUploaded byhrahimiz
- Ch 18 ReadingUploaded byrpascua123
- som part b cUploaded bySrini Vasan
- ThermoUploaded byfauziputra
- Project Report - Mode LocalisationUploaded byatrij6124
- DSP_Lab_2014_15Uploaded byEddie Nash
- API RP RBI 580 TestUploaded byFarid Afifi
- CAHeatRatesUploaded bynclarke6
- Decision Making and Branching in Java and Advanced JavaUploaded byvaayaaedu1