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How to select, prepare

and present Electronic


engineering Project

By:
Vikas J. Dongre
HOD Electronics
Govt. Polytechnic , Washim
Email: dongrevj@yahoo.co.in
Mob. 9370668979
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Structure
 Importance of Project
 Objectives of Project
 Procedure followed
 Learning through Project
 Aspects of Electronic project
 Selection of Project idea
 Expectations from readymade projects
 Hurdles in completion of project
 Project work guidelines
 Project evaluation by examiner
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Importance of Project
 Project is application of all theoretical
concepts, to design some application useful to
society.
 It is most attractive and exciting subject where a
student has freedom to implement his idea and
creativity.
 It involves variety of engineering, aesthetic
commercial, teamwork and presentation
aspects.

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Importance of Project

 Student also get award in the form of marks.


 Good projects can also be sponsored or sold.
 This is the beginning of professional life, which
the student will involve in professional career.

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Objectives of Project

 understand facts, concepts and techniques of


 electronic equipment,
 its repairs,
 fault finding and testing,
 estimation of cost
 procurement of material,
 fabrication and manufacturing of various items
used in electrical field.
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Procedure followed

 Identification of Project
 Procurement of Components
 Fabrication and Testing
 Performance Analysis
 Costing

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Teaching scheme

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Learning through Project
 Information Gathering, Data searching & sharing
Techniques
 Sharing of work & responsibility
 Application of theory and engineering skill
 Economic use of money
 Developing Innovative ideas.

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Learning through Project
 Team work
 Co-operation

 Skills by hands on experience.


 Logical and critical Thinking
 Report writing & Presentation skills

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Aspects of Electronic project
 Electronic projects are exciting and deals with
sensing, transmitting, receiving, measuring,
controlling and automation.
 Normally components are small, cheap. They need
Circuit layout, PCB design, artwork, etching, drilling,
mounting, soldering, testing, packaging, labelling,
packing.
 They may also involve software development using
‘C’ or assembly language ,IC programming, computer
hardware knowledge.

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Selection of Project idea

 Projects can be of following type


 Design based project
 Design ready project

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Design based project
Such project involves new idea for which no circuit
or other material is available.
Diploma curriculum doesn’t expect in-depth design
of a project.
It is more skillful to choose such project as the work
is not streamlined.
It requires more guidance from the guide. Guides
role and encouragement is more important.
Examiner is more interested in evaluating such
project as it is innovative and courageous work.

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Care to be taken while selecting
Design based project
 Avoid discrete circuit for any module if it is
realizable using ICs
 Multivibrator using Transister or IC 555
 Amplifier using Transister or OPAMP
 Load cell using 3 Opamp instrumentation amplifier
or dedicated IC
 Design rules should be studied first while
making PCB, either manually or using
software like PCB Express or ORCAD.

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Care to be taken while selecting
Design based project…
 Such projects should be simple, so that
success rate is good.
 Examiner evaluation points
 design work,
 PCB layout, design experiences
 problems faced and handled with alternate
solution during the project
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Design ready project

 Everything is available right from circuit


layout, PCB artwork, software code,
component list with values.
 Therefore various other aspects are expected
from such projects.
………………

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Expectations from readymade projects
 Student should be able to read the schematic
diagram

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Expectations from readymade projects
 Student should be able to read the PCB Layout

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Expectations from readymade projects

 Analysis of different modules of the project at


IC & component level.

Use of Transistor Use of Capacitor


•Switch •Coupling
•Amplifier •Decoupling
•Oscillator •Bypass
•Filter
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Expectations from readymade projects
 Students should be able to analyze function
of common ICs like 555,741,LM324,7805,
74xx, value of supporting components

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Expectations from readymade projects
 Simple design aspects like purpose of putting diodes, LEDs,
Relays, motors, their use, various whys & why nots about
components.
 High rate of success of such project is expected.
 transferring it on copper clad, etching, drilling, mounting,
soldering, testing should be done by the students. Examiner
can easily detect whether the work is done by students or
professional help is sought
 Don’t try to hide the fact that project idea is readymade.
 Inform the examiner about the source of idea and tell your
work, contribution, analysis and extension if any, alternate
design for some modules

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Hurdles in completion of project
 Unavailability of components
 Components should purchased at initial stage, so
that if components are not available, equivalent
ICs can be arranged. If not possible, it is better to
change the project idea
 Due thought should be given before finalization of
project idea to avoid future problems
 Be cautious while choosing internet based
projects. Some details may be missing. Software
may not be modifiable, non-understandable.

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Hurdles in completion of project…
 Project should not be very imaginary, which difficult to
realize in given time frame considering other subjects
in the curriculum.
 Theoretical aspects should be such they are studied
in diploma course.
 MATLAB S/W , AVR, ARM processor is beyond the scope of
diploma.

 Microcontroller( 89xx series) have high chances of


success as it is well studied in 6th semester.
 It should not be to big or too expensive.

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Project work guidelines
 Circuit should be first tested on breadboard to ensure
success in project at an early stage.
 Possibly take digital photographs during important phases
of the work. It acts as a proof that various activities are
really carried out by students.
 Make a CD containing various photographs, project report,
data sheets, other data collected, software developed,
software utilities needed to operate the project.
 Too advance project idea has less chances of success.
Also the examiner feels that it is made with professional
help.
 Prepare presentation (PPT) for explaining the project.
 Keep record of activities of different stages in Log book or
diary duly signed by the guide.
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Project evaluation by examiner
 Actual involvement in the student.
 Contribution for the project
 Clarity of logic in the mind of student.
 Too much of professionalism indicates that
professional help is taken, and forms bad
impression. Avoid it.
 Evaluation is based on individuals work done, his
sincerity, knowledge, skill and presentation
 Success of project doesn’t matter much as it thought
to be. Real work done and innovative idea carries
due weightage.
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Some innovative ideas

 Automation of various operations like


 Automatic switching off of Gas Stove after
predefined whistles.
 Automatic Gutkha/ roti making machine
 Automatic kid following toy/ kid afraiding toy.
 Remote / Mobile controlled device control.

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Reference Magazines

 Industrial Automation
 Electronics for You
 Electronics Projects
 Computer World
 Chip

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Websites related to Electronic Projects
 www.electronics-project-design.com
 www.finalyearstudentprojects.com
 http://electroschematics.com
 www.electronicsforu.com
 www.hobbyprojects.com
 www.seminarprojects.com
 www.projectsof8051.com
 www.8051projects.info
 melodyprojects.com

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Summary
 Project is group activity.
 Project activity is real fun.
 It teaches many aspects of engineering.
 It’s the most scoring subject.
 Be realistic and sincere.
 More you participate, more you understand.
 Know whys and why nots of project.
 Good presentation is equally important.
 Be honest with the examiner.

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Thank you !!!

dongrevj@yahoo.co.in

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