SPACE STATION & SPACE VEHICLES

Suhas Manthawar 25

What is it?
Space stations are used to study the effects of long-term space flight on the human body as well as to provide platforms for greater number and length of scientific studies than available on other space vehicles.

9/24/2010

space station

2

The Eternal Dream
‡ Living in space has long been a dream of many scientists and philosophers ‡ The ancient Greeks wondered about worlds beyond the Earth, as did many other peoples of the time.

9/24/2010

space station

3

Von Braun-the Space Genius
The first person, thought to seriously consider the idea of a manned station orbiting Earth was the German-born rocket scientist Werner Von Braun.

9/24/2010

space station

4

Von Braun- model

9/24/2010

space station

5

‡ In 1956, Von Braun designed a space station that he called Horizon ‡ It would hold up to eight people.
9/24/2010 space station 6

NASA Era
‡ Shortly after NASA began in the late 1950s, one of the first priorities in establishing a human presence in space was the design and construction of a space station.

9/24/2010

space station

7

At the Same Time-The Blue Space Program
‡ In the late 1950s and early 1960s, the Air Force was also working on its own manned space program, completely separate from NASA·s ‡ One of its main projects was a small manned space station devoted to classified military experiments in space ‡ Work was begun on this in 1961

9/24/2010

space station

8

The MOL Project
‡ In 1963, the Air Force officially announced a manned orbiting military space station program to be known as the Manned Orbiting Laboratory(MOL). ‡ The MOL space station would essentially be the third stage of a Titan III missile. It and a modified Gemini capsule(called GeminiB) carrying two astronauts* would be launched into orbit for missions of up to 30 days. *The Air Force gave them the name of ´aerospace research pilotsµ
9/24/2010 space station 9

The End of MOL
‡ In November 1966, a Titan III carrying a dummy MOL space station and an unmanned Gemini B capsule was successfully launched from Cape Canaveral. ‡ However, after that, the program ran into major financial problems. It was cut from 12 missions to 8 and then to 3, and finally was cancelled in 1969. ‡ The pilot trainees were transferred to NASA·s astronaut corps. Most of them, like Bob Crippen and Richard Truly, ended up flying the Space Shuttle.
9/24/2010 space station 10

‡ THE MOL TEST LAUNCH IN NOVEMBER 1966

9/24/2010

space station

11

Space stations
o Salyut 1, on April 19, 1971-6hours o Salyut 2, launched in April of 1973-2 weeks o Skylab- American o First crew58 days o Second crew 84 days. o Mir(peace)

9/24/2010

space station

12

ISS(international space station)
‡ Legally, ISS is a joint venture between five international space agencies: ‡ NASA ‡ RKA(Roskosmos) ‡ ESA(European Space Agency) ‡ CSA(Canadian Space Agency) ‡ JAXA(Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency
9/24/2010 space station 13

MIR
Mir project

9/24/2010

space station

14

‡ The International Space Station complete-2010
9/24/2010 space station 15

The Bottom Line
‡ When it all adds up, what is the overall cost for building ISS, everyone and everything involved?-approximately $125 billion, of which the U.S. will have paid about $90 billion ‡ What will be the overall cost for the entire program through 2016?-probably around $150 billion  Many critics of ISS argue(as space program critics always have) that the money could be better used on Earthbound social problems
9/24/2010 space station 16

Queries???

Queries???

9/24/2010

space station

17

THANK YOU

9/24/2010

space station

18

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful