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CURRENT (AC)

CIRCUIT

Putu Widhi Aprilia

04211540000017

OUTLINE

• 3 Phase Power Load Equation

• Power Triangle

Power in alternating current system there are three kind :

1. Apparent Power : is the power delivered to an

electrical circuit.

Total resultant between P and Q (S = P + jQ)

The unit is in Volt Ampere (VA)

Introduction

2. True Power / Active Power : is the power consumed

by the resistive loads in an electrical circuit.

The unit is in Watt

3. Reactive Power : is the power consumed in an AC

circuit because of the expansion and collapse of

magnetic (inductive) and electrostatic (capacitive)

fields.

Caused by inductive load (positive Q)

Caused by capacitive load (negative Q)

The unit is in Volt Ampere Reactive (VAR)

Power • The power triangle shows the relationship between apparent

power, true power and reactive power.

Triangle

The power triangle represents

comparable values that can be

used directly to find the

efficiency

level of generated power to

usable power, which is expressed

as the power factor (discussed

later).

1 Phase

• Active / True / Real Power (P)

P = I2 R = E I cos Ө

Load

I = RMS current (Ampere/A)

Equation

R = Resistance (Ω)

Q = I2 X = E I sin Ө

S = I2 Z = IT E

Z = Impedance (Ω)

3 Phase

• Active / True / Real Power (P)

P = √3 . V . I cos Ө

Load

Whereas: P = Active / real power (Watt)

V = Voltage (Volt)

Equation

I = Current (Ampere)

Q = √3 . V . I sin Ө

Whereas: Q = Reactive / imaginary power (Volt Ampere Reactive /

VAR)

V = Voltage (Volt)

I = Current (Ampere)

S = √3 . V . I

Whereas: S = Apparent / total Power (Volt Ampere)

V = Voltage (Volt)

I = Current (Ampere)

Power Power factor (pf) is the ratio between true power and

apparent power. Cos Ѳ is called the power factor (pf) of an

where Ѳ is the phase angle between the applied voltage

and current sine waves and also between P and S on a

power triangle.

𝑃

Cos Ѳ =

𝑆

Whereas :

Cos Ѳ = power factor

P = True Power

S = Apparent Power

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