Semantics

SEMANTICS

:
The Analysis of Meaning

phrases.  Semantics is interested in Conceptual meaning.Semantic Traditional Meaning  Semantics is traditionally defined as the study of meaning of (parts of) words. . sentences. and texts.

.Lexical Semantics  Semantic properties: The components of meaning of a word. [ abstract]. [+ human].  Semantic roles: characterize sentences (or clauses)  Semantic feature: A notational device for expressing the presence or absence of semantic properties by pluses and minuses.  Example of componential analysis: baby is [+ young].

sister. valet The (a) and (b) words are [+ human] The (a) words are [+ female] The (b) words are [+ male] 2. chief (b) bull. maid (b) widower. (a) bachelor. mother. (a) widow. brother. paperboy. father. aunt. rooster. drake The (a) and (b) words are [+ human] The (a) words are [+ male] The (b) words are [+ animal] . uncle. pope.Identify the features 1.

start & begin. e.g. e. hot & cold.g. intelligent . e. bright: shining .g.Semantic Relations among Words  Synonym: words that have the same meanings.  Polysemy: A word which has two or more related meanings.  Antonym: words that are opposites in meanings.

 Homography: Different words spelled the same but pronounced differently.g. .Contd .  Homophony: Different words pronounced the same but spelled differently. e.g. minute and minute. e. two and too.

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