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GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM

FOR CIVIL ENGINEER


ECG579
Mini Project: Flash Flood
Name Matric ID
Muhammad Ezzat 2016218018
Arif Helmi bin Ahmad 2016217886
Awang Mohd Shazani bin Awang Shariee 2016209482
Akmal Shaqil bin Shaari 2016218026
Nasrul bin Nordin 2016209472
INTRODUCTION
• Kaizen is the Japanese term which means better change.
• “Kai” is change and “zen” is good.
• Kaizen was first introduced to the West by Masaaki Imai in
his book: The Key’s to Japan’s competitive success in 1986.
• It is known worldwide due to significant pillar of an
organization’s long-term competitive strategy.
• The concept of Kaizen consists of wide range of ideas,
which include making the environment more efficient and
effective by creating team, ensuring employee a
satisfaction and making a job more fulfilling and safer.
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
• This study is conducted in order to improve the environment
quality which will contribute to a satisfaction of the road user.
• The scope of area has been selected to a small scale in UiTM
Shah Alam.
• The study is based on flood, so the area of UiTM to be
conducted is near Unit Kesihatan and the nearby road, Jalan
Ilmu is said to be the one of the most frequent that flood
occurs.
• In this study, irrigation system is also taken into account.
OBJECTIVES

To apply the To understand


To understand the
social, environment fundamental more on Kaizen
and economical knowledge of approach
implications of GIS. GIS. techniques.
METHODOLOGY

Study Area

Inspection Method

Inspection Activities
Study area
 The study focusing on the area in UiTM Shah Alam which
tend to flood during heavy rain.
 The area of study is at UiTM Shah Alam, gate section 7.
 Urban activities also caused this area becoming sensitive
short duration with high intensity rainfall that lead to flash
flood (2 to 5 hours).

Location Latitude (N) Longitude (E)

Catchment Area 3.068090° 101.492038°

Collection Data 3.068005° 101.492981°


Satellite Images
Inspection Method
Inspection activities
Safety
Safety is the state of being “safe”, the condition of being protected from harm or
other non-desirable outcomes.
Safety can also refer detonate something designed to prevent injury or damage

Comfortability
Comfortability is known as a sense of physical mental comfort, support, ease and
freedom from pain or constraint
A degree of psychological comfort can be achieved by recreating experiences
that are associated with pleasant memories
DATA DISPLAY AND GIS

Location of Add Attribute


Georeferencing Create Features
Study Area Data
1. Location of Study Area

Identify the selected location of study area to be use as


base map (Raster Data)
2. Georeferencing
i) Identify the reference points
ii) Record the coordinates (Vector Data)
iii) Selecting the Spatial Reference
iv) Import data to ArcMap
v) Georeferencing – add control points
i) Identify the reference points
- Coordinates (UTM & Degree format) are obtained from Google
Earth.
- At least 4 coordinates are identified.
ii) Record the
coordinates
(Vector Data)

- UTM ( Universal
Transverse Mercator)
coordinates are
recorded in an Excel
file.
iii) Selecting the
Spatial
Reference
- Aerial Photo (Raster
Data) and Coordinate
(Vector Data) are
connected with
ArcCatalog.
- The Coordinate System
are set to UTM Kertau
Zone 47N.
iv) Import data to ArcMap
- Open ArcMap, add the Aerial Photo (Raster Data).
v) Georeferencing – add control points
- Start Georeferencing – Customize > Toolbar > Georeferencing
- Select “Add control points” (UTM coordinates)
- Right-click at location and select “Input X and Y”
3. Create Features

i) In ArcCatalog, create Shape file


ii) Create features using the Editor tool
i) In ArcCatalog, create Shape file
- In the connected folder, Right-click > New > Shapefile
ii) Create features using the Editor tool
- Select Customize > Toolbar > Editor
- Select “Start Editing” and draw the shape (point, polyline, polygon)
4. Add Attribute Data

- Right-click at shape layer


> Open Attribute Table
- Table Option > Press Add
Field (ex. Area, Length,
and etc.)
To calculate the entered attribute field :
Right-click at the desired field > Calculate Geometry
The data then is tabulated for each shapefile
DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS

• Place : Uitm Shah Alam

• Previous research done by Uitm’s students (Mechanical Eng.)

• Test apparatus/hardware used: NodeMCU


Time Tx
0800 165
0900 166
1000 165
1100 166
1200 166
1300 165
1400 166
1500 166
1600 165
1700 165
Time Tx
0800 165
0900 166
1000 164
1100 165
1200 167
1300 168
1400 168
1500 168
1600 169
1700 168
Time Tx
0800 168
0900 169
1000 168
1100 168
1200 168
1300 168
1400 169
1500 168
1600 168
1700 167
Distance (cm) Level Indicator Warning Signage
>10 1 Safety
6-10 2 Warning
<5 3 Critical

• There is no significant change in the water level from the data


obtained.
• The average distance for the first day is 165.5 cm, for the second
day is 166.8 cm and the last day is 168.1 cm.
• Based on the standard, the water level in this study is considered
safety since the distance exceed 10 cm.
CONCLUSION
Impact of GIS – provide
information about flash flood

Apply GIS application – using


ArcGis to present the data

Mini project representation –


communication between group
member
RECOMMENDATION

Raised retention pond embankment


•Avoid spill over to the nearby area

Upgrade drainage system


•Avoid spill over to the road
REFERENCES

• Mahanijah Md Kamal, Nur Anum Zuraimi Md Noar, Aqil Muhammad Sabri (2018), Development of
Detection and Flood Monitoring Via Blynk Apps, 9-10

• Subramaniam S. K., et al., “Flood level indicator and risk warning system for remote location
monitoring using flood observatory system,” WSEAS Trans. Syst. Control, vol/issue: 5(3), pp. 153-
163, 2010.

• Ahyar S., et al., “Design of Flood Early Warning System with WiFi Network based on Smartphone,”
Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Construction and Building Engineering
(ICONBUILD), 2017.

• Chun Liu & Yan Li (2016), GIS-based dynamic modelling and analysis of flash floods considering
land-use planning, 481-498
THANK YOU