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Sum and Difference

Formulas
Unit Circle
Addition and Subtract of the Sine
function
With the sine function the sign between the
expressions stays the same.

Sin u  v   Sin u  Cos v  Cos u  Sin v

Sin u  v   Sin u  Cos v  Cos u  Sin v


Let u  45 and v  30

Find the Sine of u + v


Sin 45  30   Sin 45  Cos 30  Cos 45  Sin 30

 2  3   2  1 
Sin 45  30       
 2   2  2 
 2    

6 2
Sin 45  30  
6 2
 
4 4 4
Let u  45 and v  30

Find the Sine of u - v


Sin 45  30   Sin 45  Cos 30  Cos 45  Sin 30

 2  3   2  1 
Sin 45  30       
 2   2  2 
 2    

6 2
Sin 45  30  
6 2
 
4 4 4
Addition and Subtract of the Cosine
function
With the cosine function the sign between
the expressions change.

Cosu  v   Cos u  Cos v  Sin u  Sin v

Cosu  v   Cos u  Cos v  Sin u  Sin v


Let u  45 and v  30
Find the Cosine of u + v

Cos45  30  Cos 45  Cos 30  Sin 45  Sin 30

 2  3   2  1 
Cos45  30   


 
 

 2  2   2  2 

6 2
Cos45  30 
6 2
 
4 4 4
Let u  45 and v  30
Find the Cosine of u - v

Cos45  30  Cos 45  Cos 30  Sin 45  Sin 30

 2  3   2  1 
Cos45  30      
 2   2  2 
 2    

6 2
Cos45  30 
6 2
 
4 4 4
Addition and Subtract of the
Tangent function
Both are Rational expressions

tan u  tan v
tan u  v  
1  tan u tan v

tan u  tan v
tan u  v  
1  tan u tan v
Let u  45 and v  30
Find the Tangent of u + v

tan 45  tan 30
tan 45  30  
1  tan 45 tan 30

3
1
tan 45  30   3
 3
1  1 
 3 
Let u  45 and v  30
Find the Tangent of u + v
tan 45  tan 30 3 3
tan 45  30   tan( 45  30) 
1  tan 45 tan 30 3 3

3 3  3   3  3 
tan 45  30  
1
3 3  3  3  3 
 3
1  1 
 3  12  6 3
 2 3
6
Let u  45 and v  30
Find the Tangent of u - v
tan u  tan v
tan u  v  
1  tan u tan v

tan 45  tan 30
tan 45  30  
1  tan 45 tan 30

3
1
tan 45  30   3
 3
1  (1) 

 3 
Let u  45 and v  30
Find the Tangent of u - v
tan u  tan v 3 3
tan u  v   tan 45  30 
1  tan u tan v 3 3

tan 45  30  
tan 45  tan 30
tan 45  30 
3  3   3  3 
1  tan 45 tan 30 3  3  3  3 
3
1 12  6 3
2 3
tan 45  30   3
6
 3
1  (1) 

 3 
Simplify
Remember: sin(u-v)=sin u·cos v-cos u·sin v

 7    7     7   
Sin     Sin  Cos   Cos   Sin 
 6 3  6  3  6  3
Simplify
Remember: sin(u-v)=sin u·cos v-cos u·sin v

 7    7     7    
Sin    Sin Cos   Cos  Sin 
 6 3  6  3  6  3

 7     1  1    3  3 
Sin        
 6 3   2  2   2  2 
Simplify
Remember: sin(u-v)=sin u·cos v-cos u·sin v
 7    7     7   
Sin    Sin Cos   Cos  Sin 
 6 3  6  3  6  3

 7     1  1    3  3 
Sin        
 6 3   2  2   2  2 

1   3  2 1
   
4  4  4 2
Break up the angle and
find Sin, Cos and Tan
Leave as a Rational Expression
11
12
Break up the angle and
find Sin, Cos and Tan
Leave as a Rational Expression

11 3 
 
12 4 6
Break up the angle and
find Sin, Cos and Tan
Leave as a Rational Expression

 3   3  3 
sin     Sin Cos  Cos Sin
 4 6 4 6 4 6
Break up the angle and
find Sin, Cos and Tan
Leave as a Rational Expression

 3   3  3 
sin     Sin Cos  Cos Sin
 4 6 4 6 4 6

 2  3    2  1 
  


 
 

 2  2   2  2 
Break up the angle and
find Sin, Cos and Tan
Leave as a Rational Expression
 3   3  3 
sin     Sin Cos  Cos Sin
 4 6 4 6 4 6

 2  3    2  1 
  


 
 

 2  2   2  2 

6  2 6 2
  
4 4 4
Break up the angle and
find Sin, Cos and Tan
Leave as a Rational Expression
 3   3  3 
cos    Cos Cos  Sin Sin
 4 6 4 6 4 6

  2  3   2  1 
  


 
 

 2  2   2  2 

 6 2  6 2
  
4 4 4
Break up the angle and
find Sin, Cos and Tan
Tan can be done two ways.
 3     3  
tan    tan   Sin  
 3    4   6  3  
   4 6
tan    Tan
 4 6  1  tan  3  tan     4 6  Cos 3   
 
     4 6 
 4  6
6 2
3 4 6 2
1    2  3
3 3 3  6 2  6 2
   2  3
 3  1 3 4
1   1 

 3 