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PROXEMICS : THE STUDY OF

PERSONAL SPACE

• THE STUDY OF HUMAN USE OF SPACE • EDWARD T. HALL COINED THE TERM PROXEMICS IN 1963 EDWARD TWICHHELL HALL • HE DEFINED PROXEMICS AS “THE INTERRELATED OBSERVATIONS AND THEORIES OF HUMAN USE OF SPACE AS A SPECIALIZED ELABORATION OF CULTURE” (EDWARD. 1966) .

4 SPACE ZONES • INTIMATE SPACE • PERSONAL SPACE • SOCIAL SPACE • PUBLIC SPACE .

INTIMATE SPACE • 0 .2 FT • PERSONAL BUBBLE • WHERE TOUCHING IS ALLOWED BUT REQUIRES A LOT OF TRUST AND PERMISSION FROM OTHER PERSON TO ENTER THEIR INTIMATE ZONE .

EXAMPLES OF INTIMATE ZONE .

PERSONAL SPACE • 18 INCHES TO 4 FT • ARM LENGTH AWAY • HOME. VEHICLE OR LIVING SPACE .

EXAMPLES OF PERSONAL SPACE .

SOCIAL SPACE • SOCIAL EVENTS WITH THE PEOPLE YOU MAY OR MAY NOT KNOW • 4 – 12 FT • PROFESSIONAL DISTANCE .

EXAMPLES OF SOCIAL SPACE .

PLACES OF WORSHIP • 12 FT + DISTANCE WITH THE PERSON SPECIALLY WITH THE PRESENTER .PUBLIC SPACE • LARGE GROUP EVENTS • AN OPEN SPACE • CLASSROOM. SPORTS EVENTS. OUTDOOR CONCERTS.

EXAMPLES OF PUBLIC SPACE .

HOW CLOSE IS TOO CLOSE? Invading personal space : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sgJ24hknbHs .

DIFFERENCES IN CULTURE CONTACT CULTURE NON-CONTACT CULTURE • SOUTH AMERICA. THE • NORTHERN EUROPE. MIDDLE EAST. ASIA SOUTHERN EUROPE • PEOPLE STAND FURTHER • PEOPLE TEND TO APPROACH CLOSER APART • TOUCHING CAN BE • PHYSICAL CONTACT IS SEEN VERY LESS . NORTH AMERICA.

1968) . LATIN AMERICANS VS NORTH AMERICANS • LATIN AMERICANS WILL • NORTH AMERICANS PREFER AN INTERACT WITH LESS SPACE INTERACTION DISTANCE GREATER BETWEEN THEM THAN 5 FEET • LATIN AMERICANS WILL TOUCH • TOUCHING DURING CONVERSATION ONE ANOTHER MORE OFTEN IS NOT TOLERATED IN SUCH DURING CONVERSATION INDIVIDUALISTICS SOCIETY • INVADING THE PERSONAL SPACE IS • PERSONAL SPACE FOR NORTH AMERICANS MAY BE SOCIAL CONSIDERED AS UNCOMFORTABLE SPACE FOR LATIN AMERICAN SITUATION FOR NORTH AMERICANS (FORTSON.

SINGLE PASSENGERS SITS NEXT TO THE DRIVER • PASSENGERS RIDING TRAINS ARE LITERALLY STACKED ON TOP OF EACH OTHER • NOT QUEUING UP PROPERLY (TREY. PERSONAL SPACE IN CHINA • IN TAXIS. 2012) .

THE HIDDEN DIMENSION.COM/NEWS/WORLDVIEWS/WP/20 17/04/24/HOW-CLOSE-IS-TOO-CLOSE-DEPENDS-ON-WHERE-YOU- LIVE/?NOREDIRECT=ON&UTM_TERM=.. E. R..3AECF9314225 • HALL. CURRENT ANTHROPOLOGY.. W. DURBIN. • HTTPS://WWW. T. & LARSON.. T. M. (1966). • HTTPS://WWW. P. B. 83-108.. BOCK. 109-116. L. R. E. . JOURNAL OF COMMUNICATION.. F. (1968). BOHANNAN. BIRDWHISTELL.WASHINGTONPOST. REFERENCES • FORSTON.ECHINACITIES. C. 18(2). PROXEMICS [AND COMMENTS AND REPLIES].. R. U.. 9(2/3). .COM/EXPAT-CORNER/INVASIONS-OF- PRIVACY-EXPLAINING-THE-ISSUE-OF-PERSONAL-SPACE-IN-CHINA • HALL. A. (1968).. THE DYNAMICS OF SPACE: AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY IN PROXEMIC BEHAVIOR AMONG LATIN AMERICANS AND NORTH AMERICANS. & LA BARRE. DIEBOLD JR.

THANK YOU .